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Politics of the United States
inquizitive chapter 5
Terms in this set (78)
Which of the following helped black Americans secure voting rights?
-Voting rights act of 1965
end of 1800's the supreme court ruled that American born chinese children were .........
entitled to full citizenship
during world war II court ruled that internment of Japanese Americans was .....
Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools
(Title 9 suit) Gender based discrimination- Student can seek monetary damages/
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Legislation that requires employers to pay men and women equal pay for equal work
Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
made it easier for employees to sue in cases of wage discrimination
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
established sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination
The gap between white and black voting rates was the smallest in ..........before the Voting Rights Act. The act had the biggest impact in closing the gap in........., where the gap closed by more than 50 percentage points. The act had the smallest impact on black voter registration rates in........
which decades saw an explosion in the number of social movements fighting for their rights
Which section of the Voting Rights Act was Chief Justice Roberts most critical about?
Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
Using right of privacy, struck down Texas law banning sodomy.
Defense of Marriage Act
A law enacted by Congress in 1998 that allowed states to refuse to recognize gay marriages or civil unions formed in other jurisdictions. The Supreme Court ruled that DOMA was unconstitutional in 2013.
repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell"
In 2010, Congress repealed the Clinton era "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" to end discrimination of gays in the military. (p. 692)
How have affirmative action policies evolved over time?
President Johnson compels the federal civil service to hire minorities
The federal government makes affirmative action a priority
The supreme court said affirmative action policies must survive strict scrutiny
amendments contribution to civil rights
13th: abolished slavery
14th: extended equal protection under the law to all americans
15th: allowed black men to vote
24th: eliminated the poll tax
Put these major moments from civil rights history in chronological order.
The equal protection clause is added to the U.S. constitution
Plessy v. Ferguson is decided by the Supreme Court
Brown v. Board of Education is decided by the Supreme Court
The civil rights act and the voting rights act are passed in back to back years
Place these legal standards in order from the toughest to the most permissive. (strict scrutiny, rational basis, intermediate scrutiny)
strict scrutiny, intermediate scrutiny, rational basis
How have the following SC decisions influenced how affirmative action policies are evaluated?
- Adarand Constructors v. Pena (1995)
- Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
- Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
- Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
Adarand Constructors v. Pena: the court ruled that affirmative action policies must survive strict scrutiny
Grutter v. Bollinger: the Court ruled that in this case, affirmative action policies served a compelling state interest
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke: The court ruled that quotas for minority students were unconstitutional
Lawrence v. Texas: the Court ruled that all affirmative action policies were unconstitutional
How did each of the following contribute to the expansion of civil rights in the United States? (Brown v. Board, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 14th amendment, Fair Housing Act)
Brown v. Board: ended the era of "separate but equal" schools
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: outlawed job discrimination based on gender
14th amendment: guaranteed equal protection under the law
Fair Housing Act: allowed the government to initiate legal action in cases of housing discrimination
The Equal Rights Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1972.
peaceful civil rights demonstrations
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 addressed many concerns related to public accommodations.
The formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1960 led to a wave of new protests.
What contributed to the expansion of civil rights for African Americans after World War II?
Congress made it illegal for southern states to force African Americans to use separate public facilities.
NAACP lawyers won several important court cases.
The President's Commission on Civil Rights suggested that Congress try to pass civil rights legislation.
contrast arguments for and against affirmative action
rights are fundamentally individual
The Constitution is Color Blind
Discrimination must be attacked at the group level
Quotas are valid and accepted in several parts of American life.
Name the group of policies and programs that seek to redress past injustices against specific groups by making special efforts to provide those groups with educational and employment opportunities.
Which of the following statements about Native American civil rights are correct?
Native Americans have successfully used the courts to win reparations from the federal government
The Supreme Court ruled that Native Americans are not subject to state laws prohibiting gambling.
Which level of scrutiny must affirmative action policies now meet?
restricts what gov can do to you
protects you from discrimination
rooted in equal protection clause
What challenges did African Americans face after Brown v. Board of Education?
De facto school segregation continued in the North and South.
Housing remained racially segregated.
African Americans still could not vote in many southern states.
Choose all of the moments that relate to gay and lesbian civil rights.
The repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell"
The Supreme Court strikes down DOMA
Lawrence v. Texas
How did Dred Scott v. Sanford influence civil rights in the United States
the decision did not expand civil rights
Which of the following tactics did the NAACP use most frequently in the first half of the twentieth century?
Put the following events from the history of Latino civil rights in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.
League of United Latin American Citizens founded
Mendez v. Westminster
Cesar Chavez hunger strikes
Americans' civil rights are grounded in which clause in the Constitution?
equal protection clause
In which of the following areas women have made the greatest gains in equality with men over the past fifty years.
In 2003, the Supreme Court ruled on two different University of Michigan cases related to affirmative action. They ruled that race as one of a number of consideration was -----. They also ruled that giving minority applicants a bonus 10 points on the application scoring system was -----.
How did the Legal Defense Fund of the NAACP change its strategy in 1948?
it began to attack the separate but equal rule directly
What is a press release?
a story written by or on behalf of a politician that serves her interests but mimics the style of a newspaper
Which of the following factors led to the development of professionalized journalists and the norm of ''objectivity''?
the best way to appeal to a large audience is to produce standardized neutral news product
Why did the Federal Communications Commission stop enforcing the fairness doctrine?
there are so many radio and tv stations that different viewpoints are already being presented
Most of the national news published by local newspapers is provided by which of the following sources?
- The associated press
- local newspapers
In the past twenty years, the number of media sources has ....... In that same period of time, political knowledge in the electorate has ............
Which of the following statements are true regarding changes in the media landscape since 1991?
- the internet has replaced the newspaper as people's secondary source for news
-newspaper readership has declined
Which of the following statements about Americans' use of social media as a news source are true?
americans use the internet to gain information from a variety of sources
Comedy shows like The Daily Show are(..........) sources of political news, with followers who are (.....) informed about politics.
When the media does not report on a particular idea, which form of influence are they exercising?
Which of the following news stories is an example of "alarm mode" media coverage?
- a reporter receiving leaked information about a political scandal
- breaking news of a major campaign event
place the following countries in order of government interference in the media from fewest limits to most limits.
When running for office, when is a political candidate most likely to benefit from the media's agenda-setting role?
when a candidate exceeds the media's expectations
How did the Telecommunications Act of 1996 change the media landscape
it opened the way for the consolidation of media ownership
The Federal Communications Commission was developed to serve which of the following functions?
regulate broadcast content
promote competition in the broadcast industry
allocate radio and TV frequencies
Identify whether the journalistic characteristic applies to "new media" or "old media."
in-depth coverage of news
greater diversity in news
reliable coverage of news
How have some newspapers responded to declining circulation numbers?
closing foreign bureaus and offices in Washington, D.C.
charging customers for reading news online
How has the media landscape changed as the FCC's regulatory powers changed in the past several decades?
Restrictions on media ownership have been relaxed.
Which of the following are advantages to online news?
Which of the following media forms is the Federal Communications Commission able to regulate content on?
Which statements accurately characterize the effects that the media have on public opinion?
- the media can often intensify underlying public opinion
- the media can completely shape the publics perception of a NEW issue
What functions does the media serve in democratic politics?
- examine government policies and platforms
- reveal wrongdoing by government agencies and officials
- publicize and assess the claims of political candidates
Which of the following statements correctly explain why adversarial journalism emerged in the 1960s and 1970s?
American officials leaked information that was critical of administration policy to reporters.
National newspapers discovered an audience for coverage critical of administration policy.
White House officials pressured publishers to block reports critical of the war.
Why do press releases commonly appear in newspapers?
the newspaper can fill its pages at little cost
reporters are able to update content while doing little work
press releases can be nearly indistinguishable from a real story
Match the source of media power to its influence on public opinion
what issues Americans think about:
setting the agenda
what opinions Americans hold on issues:
Which statements correctly reflect the characteristics of traditional and online media?
Online media have a higher potential for misinformation than traditional media.
Traditional media are often forced to account for online media reports in their own stories.
Match the characteristics of the press to the period in political history.
newspapers subordinate to political parties
politicians utilizing nonpartisan press
How has the Supreme Court responded to newspapers' attempts to publish leaked information?
It has supported publication of leaked information
Which political actors were the first to take advantage of the nonpartisan press as a way of developing an independent source of political power?
According to research by the Pew Research Center on Internet access, which groups tend to have the greatest access to broadband Internet at home?
If a radio station airs a conservative commentator's critique of a liberal author and does not allow the author an opportunity to appear on air, it could have violated the
right of rebuttal
Media monopolies often make it - for opponents of the status quo to get much - media coverage.
Why is the Federal Communications Commission unable to regulate "indecent" sexual material on the Internet
the supreme court overturned congressional regulations on the basis of free speech
Which form of journalism is most closely related to government transparency?
When politicians fight over calling a bill "health care reform" or "health care rationing," what are they trying to shape?
how the media frame the bill
Which of the following federal regulations on the media are still in effect
right of rebuttal
equal time provision
Which of the following are correct about age demographics and media consumption?
older adults tend to get more news from television than younger adults
Most leaked confidential information comes from - government officials, who have - relationships with journalists.
Which of the following have facilitated most of the leaked information in the early twenty-first century?
new technology and the internet
Match the form of media to its level of government regulation.
subject to federal regulation
essentially from gov interference
subject to federal regulation:
essentially from gov interference:
The media have been - aggressive in investigating the government in recent years than it used to be.
If a TV station allows a state's Republican gubernatorial candidate to appear on a talk show, but refuses to allow the Democratic candidate a similar opportunity, the TV station is guilty of violating the
equal time provision
A contemporary and very controversial example of a media leak is
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