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AP World Ch 9 vocab
Terms in this set (19)
Bantu confederation of Shona-speaking peoples located between Zambezi and Limpopo rivers; developed after 9th century; featured royal courts built of stone; created centralized state by 15th century; king took title of Mwene Mutapa
Kingdom, based on agriculture, formed on lower Congo River by late 15th century; capital at Mbanza Kongo; ruled by hereditary monarchy.
Shift to low birth rate, low infant death rate, stable population; first emerged in western Europe and United States in late 19th century
the study of population
Powerful city-state (in present-day Nigeria) which came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century.
Arabic term for the east African coast
Islamic law; defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance
Peoples of northern Nigeria; formed states following the demise of Songhay Empire that combined Muslim and pagan traditions
Muhammad the Great
Extended the boundaries of the Songhay Empire; Islamic ruler of the mid-16th century
Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley; formed as independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali
Port city of Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university.
Arab traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records
Professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire
The "Lion Prince"; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; died about 1260
Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali empire; eventually spread throughout much of West Africa
A reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa
The Arabic word for western north Africa
The Arabic term for eastern north Africa
African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with states
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