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CHAPTER 2: LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY
Terms in this set (15)
They are social class dialects.
Sociolects are different (like dialects) in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation or accent.
Social class accents
They are sociolects that have phonetic and phonological differences.
something that blocks the way; an obstacle
They are natural barriers or nature-made barriers. Examples are rivers, seas, hills, mountains, etc.
They are barriers that are created by society. Examples of social barriers are age, class, race, and religion.
It is the ordering of groups in society. It gives rise to sociolects.
Basis of Social Stratification
Social stratification is done on the basis of factors like power, wealth, and status.
When two or more sounds or forms of a word co-exist in society without being misunderstood, it is called free variation.
It is the study of dialects.
A person who studies dialects is called a dialectologist.
They are village dialects (dialects spoken by people living in villages). In the USA, dialectologists studied rural dialects at first.
They are city dialects (dialects spoken by people living in cities). After the Second World War, dialectologists started studying urban dialects.
It refers to change in language. Dialects provide or explain reasons for linguistic change.
Difference between dialect and idiolect
Dialects help to understand the difference between a dialect and an idiolect. Dialects are types of a particular language while an idiolect is the way in which each person speaks. For example, if two people speak in the same dialect, there will be still be differences in the way they speak. Their vocabulary, their style and their accent will be different. These individual differences are called idiolect.