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Politics of the United States
Landmark Supreme Court Decisions
Terms in this set (12)
Marbury v. Madison
It was a classic case between Thomas Jefferson and William Marbury. They both were fighting for the judgeships the Congress created.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
It was a case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson case. (The Equal Protection Cause)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
A Louisiana law required seperate seating for white and African American citizens on public ralroads, a form of segregation.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
The State Board of Regens of New York required the recitation of a 22-word nonsectarian praye at the beginning of each school day.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Upheld the 6th amendment's gaurantee of all counsel of all poor persons facing a felony charge, a further incorporation of Bill of Rights gaurantees into State constitutions.
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
A case was claimed when Miranda had the right to remain silent and upheld citizen rights to fair trials in State court.
Roe v. Wade (1973)
A Texas woman challenged a State law forbidding the artificial termination of a pregnancy saying that she "had fundamental right to privacy."
Dred Scott v. Standford (1857)
upheld property rights over human rights. Dred Scott was a free slave in "free soil" states but was still property of his master.
Schenck v. United States (1919)
This case was about Charles Schenck giving us the right to freedom of speech.
Powell v. Alabama (1932)
This case was about the "Scottsboro boys" that gave us the right to counsel.
Tinker v. Des Moines School Destrict
This case is based on students having the right to have freedom of speech without interupting class.
New Jersey v. T.L.O
This case was based on a student being accused of smoking ciggerates and searched her for an unreasonable search. This gives the public school to have a reasonable search.
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