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After the Great War for Empire ended, the British imperial authorities began to

enforce the Navigation Acts more strictly

In protesting the Sugar Act in 1764, the speaker ad various members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives

shifted the terms of the debate from a squabble over revenue to a confrontation over

At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required

Colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops

The Stamp Act Congress held in New York in 1765

protested loss of American rights and liberties and declared that only elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists

From the rationalist philosophies of the Enlightenment, Americans of the 1760s and the early 1770s derived the idea

that individuals have certain "natural rights"

The Rockingham ministry fashions a compromise in 1766 by

repealing the Stamp Act, but crafting the Declaratory Act, which affirmed the supremacy of Parliament over the colonies

The Townshed Act of 1767 imposed duties on

paper, paint, glass, and tea imported into the colonies

The Revenue Act of 1767

reorganized the customs service and created four vice-admiralty courts in colonial cities, threatening American autonomy

The Restraining Act of June 1767

suspended the New York assembly until the port of New York obeyed the Quarting Act

American women contributed to the nonimportation movement of 1768 by

producing homespun fabric to make the colonies less dependent on British textiles

How did the outcome of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare to that of the crisis over the Townshend duties of 1768

The stakes had risen: in 1765, American resistance to taxation had provoked an argument in Parliament; in 1768, it produced a British plan for military coercion

The British government resolved to punish the American boycotters faltered by 1768 because

riots in Britatin protesting food shortages and exploitation of the situation by Radical Whigs distracted the ministry

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Boston Massacre of March 1770 of its aftermath

A Radical Whig pamphlet accused the British of deliberately planning the massacre

The major purpose of the Tea Act of May 1773 was to

bail out the financially strapped British East India Company

The Coercive Acts, passed in 177 in response to the Boston tea incident, included a(n)

All of the above are correct

At the First Continental Congress (1774), New England delegates advocated

political union and defensive military preparations

Lord North's ministry reacted to the resolves of the First Continental Congress by

directing the military to suppress dissidents in Massachusetts

Chesapeake slave owners increasingly rallies do the Patriot cause because they

were worried that the British would seize control over the courts and assemblies in the South if they succeeded in doing so in Massachusetts

In the mid 1700s, the Loyalists

feared that the violence the rebels were using to enforce nonimportation would lead to mob rule

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the military clash between British regulars and Massachusetts militia in April 1775

Warned by Paul Revere and two other Bostonians, a small force of Minutemen vainly opposed the British at Lexington, and larger body of Patriots confronted them at Concord; while returning to Boston, the British troops were repeatedly ambushed by militiamen and sustained heavy losses.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterized British military strategy during the first two years of the Revolutionary War?

The british were content to demonstrate their superior power and tactics in the hopes of convincing the rebels to surrender

The continental army

enlisted most of its recruits from the lower ranks of society, poor native-born youths, and older foreign-born men

The major result of Burgoyne's defeat at Saratoga in October 1777 was that

it al bust ensured the success of American diplomatic efforts to persuade he French into a military alliance wit the Americans

With linen and woolen cloth in short supply during the war years, Patriot women responded by

increasing their output of homespun cloth

The enormous increase of paper currency in circulation during the war years

quickly fell in value

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes what occurred at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-1778

While the ill-equpipped, underfed continental army huddled on a bleak hillside west of Philadelphia, British troops were comfortably housed in the city for the winter

France gave serious consideration to an alliance wit the rebel colonies primarily because it saw an opportunity to

exact revenge on Britain for defeat in the French and Indian War and the loss of Canada

The British government responded to the news of the 1778 French-American alliance by

seeing a negotiated settlement, offering a reversion to the constitutional relationship as of 1763

"We fight, get beaten, and fight again" was how his army's tactics were described by General

Nathaniel Greene

Which of the following factors contributed significantly to the outcome of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781

Washington's audacious strategy of feinting an attack on British-occcupied New York City while secretly dispatching a french army from Rhode Island to Virginia

The Patriots succeeded in the AMerican Revolution mainly because

about two-thrids of the population supported the war to some degree, and the army fought on its own territory

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the provisions of the Treat of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary war?

The united states promised not to hinder British merchants from recovering their prewar debts from Americans and to encourage state governments to restore confiscated Loyalist property

A political ideology that repudiates rule by kings and princes and celebrates a representative system of government and a virtuous, public-spirited citizenry is called


Pennsylvania's democratic constitution of 1776

alarmed leading Patriots in other states, most of whom did not believe in democracy

John Adams recommended a bicameral legislature because he believed that

the upper house, consisting of substantial property owners, would check the power of popular majorities in the lower houses

Abigail Adams

insisted on equal legal rights for married women

During the Revolutionary era, women who owned property were granted the right to vote by the new constitution of

New Jersey

Under the Articles of Confederation

each state retained its sovereignty and independence

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787

prohibited slaver in the Northwest Territory

The larges political economic problem facing he post-revolutionary state governments was

a worthless currency and big debts

The major legacy of Shays's Rebellion was that it

illustrated the need for a strong federal government

In the 1780s, AMericans known as "nationalists" were

Patriots who believed that the Confederation should either be strengthened or be replaced with a central government that would be strong enough to control foreign commerce and impose tariffs

As part of the Great Compromise, delegates t the Philadelphia convention agreed on

a lower house whose seats would be apportioned on the basis of population

The Philadelphia convention established that

Congress could make no law regulating the impression of slaves until 1808

To persuade Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York to ratify the Constitution, leading Federalists promised that

a bill of rights would be added to the constitution

To enhance the authority of the federal government, Alexander Hamilton proposed

that the federal government assume the unpaid was debts of the states

In response to Hamilton's bill to establish the band of the Unites States,

Jefferson relied on a strict interpretation of the Constitution to declare the national band unconstitutional

Alexander Hamilton

proposed making the United States self-sufficient in manufacturing

Thomas Jefferson's vison for the future of the unites states included

western territories populated by independent yeomen farm families

The Whiskey Rebellion was significant for all of the following reasons except

when he learned that Thomas Jefferson covertly supported the insurgents, Washington publicly broke with him, precipitating open party conflict

In the election of 1796

John Adams received the highest number of electoral votes and continued a pro-British foreign policy

In their protests against the Alien and Sedition Acts, JEfferson and Madison

Asked the Supreme Court to declare the laws unconstitutional

In the election of 1899

Hamilton threw his support behind Jefferson who was in an electoral-vote tie the Aaron Burr for the presidency

The Western Confederacy of the late 1780s and early 1790s was a

coalition of Indians organized to block white expansion into present-day Ohio against which President Washington sent several armies before it was forced to ceded strategic lands and acknowledge America sovereignty in 1795

Which of he following statements most accurately characterizes the westward migration of New Englanders during the 1790s and 1800s?

Much of the land in the areas were the settlers arrived had already fallen into the hands of politically well-connected speculators

In 1801, Jefferson responded toe hte Barbary States' threats agains American shipping by

stopping the "tribute" (bribes) that the unites states had hitherto paid, retaliating when the Barbary States renewed their attacks, then working out a diplomatic solution involving much lower tribute payments

Before becoming president, Thomas JEfferson viewed the westward migration of Americans with

unqualified approval because he celebrated the pioneer farmer and hope d to see the west developed by independent yeomen

Jefferson attempted to purchase New Orleans in 1802 and 1803

he feared Napoleon Bonaparte's plan to establish a French empire in North America

In contemplating the opportunity to purchase Louisiana, Jefferson

revised his view of presidential powers under the Constitution

The lewis and Clark expedition was dispatched primar to

Report on the physical features and the plant and animal life of the Louisiana territory in which jefferson took a great scientific interest

The immediate cause of the duel in which Vice President Aaron Burr killed ALexander Hamilton was

Hamilton's accusation that Burr was aiding in a plot to destroy the Union

As a result of the Embargo Act of 107, the American economy

fell into a slump; by 1808, exports had plunged to about one-fifth the pre-embargo level

The decision in the case Marbury vs. Madision (1803) is of great importance in American history because

it marked the first occasion on which the Supreme Court declared that it had the power to rule national laws unconstitutional

In the case of Fletcher vs. Peck (1810), Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court ruled that

the grant to the Yazoo Land Company constituted an unbreakable contract

The Supreme Court's decision in the case of Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819)

found that the states could not tamper with contracts

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