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65 terms

Unit 2: The New Republic (Only Ch. 5-7)

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After the Great War for Empire ended, the British imperial authorities began to
enforce the Navigation Acts more strictly
In protesting the Sugar Act in 1764, the speaker ad various members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
shifted the terms of the debate from a squabble over revenue to a confrontation over
At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required
Colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops
The Stamp Act Congress held in New York in 1765
protested loss of American rights and liberties and declared that only elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists
From the rationalist philosophies of the Enlightenment, Americans of the 1760s and the early 1770s derived the idea
that individuals have certain "natural rights"
The Rockingham ministry fashions a compromise in 1766 by
repealing the Stamp Act, but crafting the Declaratory Act, which affirmed the supremacy of Parliament over the colonies
The Townshed Act of 1767 imposed duties on
paper, paint, glass, and tea imported into the colonies
The Revenue Act of 1767
reorganized the customs service and created four vice-admiralty courts in colonial cities, threatening American autonomy
The Restraining Act of June 1767
suspended the New York assembly until the port of New York obeyed the Quarting Act
American women contributed to the nonimportation movement of 1768 by
producing homespun fabric to make the colonies less dependent on British textiles
How did the outcome of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare to that of the crisis over the Townshend duties of 1768
The stakes had risen: in 1765, American resistance to taxation had provoked an argument in Parliament; in 1768, it produced a British plan for military coercion
The British government resolved to punish the American boycotters faltered by 1768 because
riots in Britatin protesting food shortages and exploitation of the situation by Radical Whigs distracted the ministry
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Boston Massacre of March 1770 of its aftermath
A Radical Whig pamphlet accused the British of deliberately planning the massacre
The major purpose of the Tea Act of May 1773 was to
bail out the financially strapped British East India Company
The Coercive Acts, passed in 177 in response to the Boston tea incident, included a(n)
All of the above are correct
At the First Continental Congress (1774), New England delegates advocated
political union and defensive military preparations
Lord North's ministry reacted to the resolves of the First Continental Congress by
directing the military to suppress dissidents in Massachusetts
Chesapeake slave owners increasingly rallies do the Patriot cause because they
were worried that the British would seize control over the courts and assemblies in the South if they succeeded in doing so in Massachusetts
In the mid 1700s, the Loyalists
feared that the violence the rebels were using to enforce nonimportation would lead to mob rule
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the military clash between British regulars and Massachusetts militia in April 1775
Warned by Paul Revere and two other Bostonians, a small force of Minutemen vainly opposed the British at Lexington, and larger body of Patriots confronted them at Concord; while returning to Boston, the British troops were repeatedly ambushed by militiamen and sustained heavy losses.
Which of the following statements most accurately characterized British military strategy during the first two years of the Revolutionary War?
The british were content to demonstrate their superior power and tactics in the hopes of convincing the rebels to surrender
The continental army
enlisted most of its recruits from the lower ranks of society, poor native-born youths, and older foreign-born men
The major result of Burgoyne's defeat at Saratoga in October 1777 was that
it al bust ensured the success of American diplomatic efforts to persuade he French into a military alliance wit the Americans
With linen and woolen cloth in short supply during the war years, Patriot women responded by
increasing their output of homespun cloth
The enormous increase of paper currency in circulation during the war years
quickly fell in value
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes what occurred at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-1778
While the ill-equpipped, underfed continental army huddled on a bleak hillside west of Philadelphia, British troops were comfortably housed in the city for the winter
France gave serious consideration to an alliance wit the rebel colonies primarily because it saw an opportunity to
exact revenge on Britain for defeat in the French and Indian War and the loss of Canada
The British government responded to the news of the 1778 French-American alliance by
seeing a negotiated settlement, offering a reversion to the constitutional relationship as of 1763
"We fight, get beaten, and fight again" was how his army's tactics were described by General
Nathaniel Greene
Which of the following factors contributed significantly to the outcome of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781
Washington's audacious strategy of feinting an attack on British-occcupied New York City while secretly dispatching a french army from Rhode Island to Virginia
The Patriots succeeded in the AMerican Revolution mainly because
about two-thrids of the population supported the war to some degree, and the army fought on its own territory
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the provisions of the Treat of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary war?
The united states promised not to hinder British merchants from recovering their prewar debts from Americans and to encourage state governments to restore confiscated Loyalist property
A political ideology that repudiates rule by kings and princes and celebrates a representative system of government and a virtuous, public-spirited citizenry is called
republicanism
Pennsylvania's democratic constitution of 1776
alarmed leading Patriots in other states, most of whom did not believe in democracy
John Adams recommended a bicameral legislature because he believed that
the upper house, consisting of substantial property owners, would check the power of popular majorities in the lower houses
Abigail Adams
insisted on equal legal rights for married women
During the Revolutionary era, women who owned property were granted the right to vote by the new constitution of
New Jersey
Under the Articles of Confederation
each state retained its sovereignty and independence
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
prohibited slaver in the Northwest Territory
The larges political economic problem facing he post-revolutionary state governments was
a worthless currency and big debts
The major legacy of Shays's Rebellion was that it
illustrated the need for a strong federal government
In the 1780s, AMericans known as "nationalists" were
Patriots who believed that the Confederation should either be strengthened or be replaced with a central government that would be strong enough to control foreign commerce and impose tariffs
As part of the Great Compromise, delegates t the Philadelphia convention agreed on
a lower house whose seats would be apportioned on the basis of population
The Philadelphia convention established that
Congress could make no law regulating the impression of slaves until 1808
To persuade Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York to ratify the Constitution, leading Federalists promised that
a bill of rights would be added to the constitution
To enhance the authority of the federal government, Alexander Hamilton proposed
that the federal government assume the unpaid was debts of the states
In response to Hamilton's bill to establish the band of the Unites States,
Jefferson relied on a strict interpretation of the Constitution to declare the national band unconstitutional
Alexander Hamilton
proposed making the United States self-sufficient in manufacturing
Thomas Jefferson's vison for the future of the unites states included
western territories populated by independent yeomen farm families
The Whiskey Rebellion was significant for all of the following reasons except
when he learned that Thomas Jefferson covertly supported the insurgents, Washington publicly broke with him, precipitating open party conflict
In the election of 1796
John Adams received the highest number of electoral votes and continued a pro-British foreign policy
In their protests against the Alien and Sedition Acts, JEfferson and Madison
Asked the Supreme Court to declare the laws unconstitutional
In the election of 1899
Hamilton threw his support behind Jefferson who was in an electoral-vote tie the Aaron Burr for the presidency
The Western Confederacy of the late 1780s and early 1790s was a
coalition of Indians organized to block white expansion into present-day Ohio against which President Washington sent several armies before it was forced to ceded strategic lands and acknowledge America sovereignty in 1795
Which of he following statements most accurately characterizes the westward migration of New Englanders during the 1790s and 1800s?
Much of the land in the areas were the settlers arrived had already fallen into the hands of politically well-connected speculators
In 1801, Jefferson responded toe hte Barbary States' threats agains American shipping by
stopping the "tribute" (bribes) that the unites states had hitherto paid, retaliating when the Barbary States renewed their attacks, then working out a diplomatic solution involving much lower tribute payments
Before becoming president, Thomas JEfferson viewed the westward migration of Americans with
unqualified approval because he celebrated the pioneer farmer and hope d to see the west developed by independent yeomen
Jefferson attempted to purchase New Orleans in 1802 and 1803
he feared Napoleon Bonaparte's plan to establish a French empire in North America
In contemplating the opportunity to purchase Louisiana, Jefferson
revised his view of presidential powers under the Constitution
The lewis and Clark expedition was dispatched primar to
Report on the physical features and the plant and animal life of the Louisiana territory in which jefferson took a great scientific interest
The immediate cause of the duel in which Vice President Aaron Burr killed ALexander Hamilton was
Hamilton's accusation that Burr was aiding in a plot to destroy the Union
As a result of the Embargo Act of 107, the American economy
fell into a slump; by 1808, exports had plunged to about one-fifth the pre-embargo level
The decision in the case Marbury vs. Madision (1803) is of great importance in American history because
it marked the first occasion on which the Supreme Court declared that it had the power to rule national laws unconstitutional
In the case of Fletcher vs. Peck (1810), Chief Justice Marshall and the Supreme Court ruled that
the grant to the Yazoo Land Company constituted an unbreakable contract
The Supreme Court's decision in the case of Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819)
found that the states could not tamper with contracts