23 terms

Creating Meaning Mid Term

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Anxiety
-distinct from fear
-Reveals we are not fully at home in the world
-Reveals we are capable of authenticity
(Heidegger)
Thrownness
The totality of meanings we find ourselves in(are "thrown into")
-Language
-Culture
-Social conventions
-Gender roles
-Family
(Heidegger)
Finitude
Anticipation of death frees
-Our choices take on significance
-Opens us up to responsibility for what we make of ourselves
-Reveals a way of life open to radical transformation
(Heidegger)
Death
Anticipation of death individualizes Dasein
-Death is "in each case mine"
-Death is certain and indefinite
(Heidegger)
Facticity
Sartre's term for those features of our past or present that we were not free to choose and yet they seem to set limits on the course of our lives
(Sartre)
Bad Faith
Seeking some foundation to avoid the vertigo of freedom
-Denial of facticity
-Denial of transcendence
-When we deny our freedom and our responsibility for who we are
(Sartre)
For-Itself
-Consciousness
~An activity
~Involves negation/separation
-Not determined in its being
-Freedom inherent in the structure of consciousness
(Sartre)
In-Itself
The world of physical things; fixed and static world in which things have an essence, that is to say a specific function
(Sartre)
Existence Precedes Essence
There is no predefined pattern that we must fit into, we live our lives, and that in turn defines what we truly are, not any idealized set of characteristics
(Sartre)
Dasein
-Human Existence
-Being in the world
(Heidegger)
Transcendence
Climbing or going beyond, albeit with varying connotations in its different historical and cultural stages
"In the end they will lay their freedom at our feet, and say to us, 'Make us your slaves, but feed us."
-Fyodor Dostoevsky
-We will being willing to give up our freedom because we just want to be happy and not have anxiety
"The most painful secrets of their conscience, all, all they will bring to us, and we shall have an answer for all. And they will be glad to believe our answer, for it will save them from the great anxiety and terrible agony they endure at present..."
-Fyodor Dostoevsky
-People don't want to be free
"It means that, first of all, man exists, turns up appears on the scene, and, only afterwards, defines himself."
-Jean Paul Sartre
-Existence precedes essence
"In fact, in creating the man that we want to be, there is not a single one of our acts which does not at the same time create an image of man as we think he ought to be."
-Jean Paul Sartre
-We are not only creating our own essence but we are also contributing to human kinds essence
"I can take freedom as my goal only if I take that of others as a goal as well."
-Jean Paul Sartre
-If you value your own freedom as a human being you also value other human being's freedom
"The truth, Lazaro, is perhaps something so unbearable, so terrible, something so deadly, that simple people could not live with it!"
-Miguel de Unamuno
-That there is no life after death
"The people should be allowed to live with their illusions."
-Miguel de Unamuno
-It gives people comfort and confidence that their is something beyond
Difference between Sartre's and Kierkegaard's views of anxiety
S-There are so many decisions and there is no basis for choosing them
K-The fear of the unknown and the in between
Heidegger's view of time and the importance of the anticipation of death
The past is still with us and the all the people you were from the past is still with you and because we know we will die we need to live life to the fullest. You have goals and when you complete them your goals are your past. Since no one else can die for you, you are alone in your path.
Kierkegaard's understanding of the stages or modes of life
Aesthetic - Pleasure gets boring after a while
Ethical - Commitments and trying to live up to them and you probably won't
Religion - Faith and accepting who you are
Kierkegaard's understanding of the relationship between knowledge and faith
Inverse relationship, the the more knowledge you have the less faith you have and vice versa; we all have faith to a certain degree
Why Unamuno sees life as essentially tragic, and why this leads him to believe in God.
Perpetual struggle knowing we will die
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