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Geography and Historical Understandings Study Guide for Middle East 19
Terms in this set (35)
A man-made structure that connecs the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
Strait of Hormuz
Much of the worlds oil supply is shipped through this narrow waterway.
This is the key water source for Israel, Lebanon and Syria.
Because mountains block winds coming from the oceans, much of the interior of Southwest Asia is:
It makes it possible to get from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red without sailing around Asia
Why is the Suez Canal so important to international shipping
The Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea are connected
Which are connected by the Straight of Hormuz
Tigris and Euphrates
What rivers are like twin rivers flowing through Turkey and Iraq?
water shortages, unequal distribution of water, and pollution
what are three major water problems in southwest asia
over the last 50 years people have been leaving the nomadic life to live here
Israel and Jordan
Which countries have fought military battles over water rights to the Jordan River?
Because of its harsh climate which country has to rely on desalination plants to provide most of its citizens drinking water?
Pollution from oil spills on the Black Sea contaminate this countries water supply
Decades of war has damaged this country's water treatment facilities
hot and dry
describe Southwest Asia's climate
Judaism, Christianity, Islam
What are the three prominent, monotheistic religions in the Middle East?
What ethnic group lives in the mountains of Turkey and Iraq?
Where do almost all Middle Eastern Jews live?
The majority of people in Southwest Asia belong to which ethnic group
Today most Iranians speak Farsi and belong to this ethnic group
The oldest religion in SW Asia
they disagreed over who should lead Muslims after Muhammad died
What issue led to the split between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims?
The 5 basic obligations that Muslims are supposed to do in their lives
What are the five pillars?
Who is common figure in the origins of Judaism Christianity and Islam?
What large empire broke after World War I?
European Politicians created the political boundaries, and these grouped nations of people who did not have many things in common.
What problems did the new boundaries cause as people found themselves living in newly created countries?
Hatred against Jews
What is anti-semitism
During WW2 six million Jews were killed in _________
They rejected it and thought it was unfair to them
How did Arabs living in Palestine in 1948 feel about the new state of Israel
What is the US's main economic interest in Southwest Asia
Persian Gulf War
Iraq invaded Kuwait and international forces joined to help Kuwait in this war
What country did Saddam Hussein rule?
When did terrorists attack the World Trade Center and Pentagon?
US believed that Afghanistan was offering safety to Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda
Why did US invade Afghanistan in 2001?
Weapons of Mass Destruction
The UN inspection teams were in Iraq from 1991 to 1998 with the purpose of finding and destroying:
US believed Iraq was developing WMDs and offering aid to Al-Qeada
Why did US go to war in Iraq in 2003?
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