Big History Unit 3 vocab
Big History Unit 3 vocabulary words; 20. "The Stars Light Up"
Terms in this set (22)
The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of stars and other celestial bodies, and the application of the laws and theories of physics to the interpretation of astronomical observations.
A region of space having a gravitational field so intense that no matter or radiation can escape.
The chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has two main forms (diamond and graphite) and that also occurs in impure form in charcoal, soot, and coal.
a material which cannot be broken down or changed into another substance using chemical means.
The branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form new substances.
The chemical element of atomic number 2, an inert gas that is the lightest member of the noble gas series.
A colorless, odorless, highly flammable gas, the chemical element of atomic number 1.
A strong, hard magnetic silvery-gray metal, the chemical element of atomic number 26, much used as a material for construction and manufacturing, esp. in the form of steel.
A unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance that light travels in one year, which is 9.4607 × 10^12 km
A cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night sky either as an indistinct bright patch or as a dark silhouette against other luminous matter.
A celestial object of very small radius (typically 30 km) and very high density, composed predominantly of closely packed neutrons. Thought to form by the gravitational collapse of the remnant of a massive star after a supernova explosion, provided that the star is insufficiently massive to produce a black hole.
A nuclear reaction in which atomic nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus with the release of energy.
Periodic Table of Elements
a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, organized on the basis of their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and recurring chemical properties.
A very large star of high luminosity and low surface temperature, thought to be in a late stage of evolution when no hydrogen remains in the core to fuel nuclear fusion.
A fixed luminous point in the night sky that is a large, remote incandescent body like the sun.
A cluster of galaxies which themselves occur as clusters.
A star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because of a catastrophic explosion that ejects most of its mass
A small very dense star that is typically the size of a planet and formed when a low-mass star has exhausted all its central nuclear fuel and lost its outer layers as a planetary nebula.
Super-massive Black Hole
the largest type of black hole, on the order of hundreds of thousands to billions of solar masses. Most—and possibly all—galaxies are inferred to contain one at their centers.
Chemistry of the middle ages, characterized by the pursuit of changing base metals to gold.
A large spiral galaxy that is home to Earth and the rest of our solar system, and about a trillion stars.
Greek philosopher that claimed all matter was made of fire, water, air, and earth.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Essential Biology_Ch2_Essential Chemistry for Biology
Biology 1010 Ch. 2
8th grade Science Starr review
Chemistry test Bella
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Big History Unit 7
Big History Unit 4 Vocabulary
Big History Project Unit 2 Vocabulary
Unit 1: What is Big History?