18 terms

Music Appreciation Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
genre
a particular type of music with a distinctive form or sound. Examples: jazz, rap, rock, hip hop...
Musical Style
expression within a musical genre. Example: Grunge rock is a style of the rock genre.
Aerophones
instruments that produce sound by a vibrating column of air. Examples: flutes, oboes, and trombones.
ethnomucologists
study the music of different cultural groups.
music culture
the performance practices, means, traditions, uses and beliefs about music of a group of people.
rhythm
the beat; the way the beats are organized and subdivided.
timbre
the tonal quality of an instrument or voice.
Traditional music
The oldest and most prevalent category of music; "Folk Music"
popular music
intended for a wide audience; often featuring prominent melodies
classical music
a style of 'art' music that stands apart from traditional or popular. Formal.
chamber music
Music written during the classical period for small ensembles
gamelan
Balinese music ensemble or performing group.
Motown
one of the most successful and influential music recording and publishing empires located in Detroit, Michigan.
Common elements of music
melody, rhythm, timbre, and pitch
idiophones
simple, solid instruments that produce sound by being struck, scraped, or shaken. Examples: gongs, cymbals, rattles, and xylophones.
membranophones
instruments that produce sound by striking or rubbing a skin or membrane stretched across a resonating air chamber. Examples: conga drums, tabla, and timpani.
chordophones
instruments that create sound by striking, rubbing, or plucking a taut string (or cord). Examples: guitar, harp, violin, and string bass.
Electrophones
instruments that generate sound from electricity. Examples: Electronic organs and synthesizers.