20 terms

Sadlier-Oxford: Level G Unit 4 Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Atrophy
(n.) The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) To waste away.
(SYN: degeneration, deterioration, wither)
(ANT: growth, mature)
Bastion
(n.) A fortified place, stronghold.
(SYN: citadel, rampart, parapet)
Concord
(n.) A state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant.
(ANT: disagreement, strife, discord)
Consummate
(adj.) Complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v.) To bring to a state of completion or perfection.
(SYN: masterful, clinch, conclude)
(ANT: launch, initiate, begin, kick-off)
Disarray
(n.) Disorder, confusion. (v.) To throw into disorder.
(SYN: disorganization, dishevel, mess up)
(ANT: organization, order, tidiness)
Exigency
(n.) Urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency.
(SYN: requirement, crisis)
Flotsam
(n.) Floating debris; homeless, impoverished people.
(SYN: floating wreckage)
Frenetic
(adj.) Frenzied, highly agitated.
(SYN: frantic, overwrought)
(ANT: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely)
Glean
(v.) To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers.
(SYN: cull, pick up)
Grouse
(n.) A type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble.
(SYN: kvetch, bellyache)
Incarcerate
(v.) To imprison, confine, jail.
(SYN: intern)
(ANT: liberate, free)
Incumbent
(adj.) Obligatory, required. (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of.
(SYN: mandatory, necessary)
(ANT: optional, unnecessary)
Jocular
(adj.) Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking.
(SYN: waggish, facetious, droll)
(ANT: solemn, grave, earnest, grim)
Ludicrous
(adj.) Ridiculous, laughable, absurd.
(SYN: risible, preposterous)
(ANT: heartrending, poignant, pathetic)
Mordant
(adj.) Biting or caustic in through, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh.
(SYN: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing)
(ANT: bland, mild, gentle, soothing)
Nettle
(n.) A prickly or stinging plant; (v.) To arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely.
(SYN: peeve, annoy, incense, gall)
(ANT: please, delight, soothe, pacify)
Pecuniary
(adj.) Consisting of or measured in money; of or related to money.
(SYN: monetary)
Pusillanimous
(adj.) Contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited.
(SYN: lily-livered)
(ANT: stouthearted, courageous)
Recumbent
(adj.) In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting.
(SYN: prone, supine, inactive)
(ANT: erect, energetic, dynamic)
Stratagem
(n.) A scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end.
(SYN: trick, ploy, subterfuge)

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