123 terms

Eng 10 Vocab Midterm (Lists 1-6)

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ameliorate
(v) to make better; to improve
baleful
(adj) expressing hatred or evil; harmful, ominous
berate
(v) to criticize vigorously; to scold vehemently
circumvent
(v) to avoid through craftiness
compunction
(n) a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by guilt
condone
(v) to overlook or accept without punishment; to pardon or excuse
diminutive
(adj) very small; tiny
euphemism
(n) a polite term to avoid directly naming something considered offensive or unpleasant
expendable
(adj) able to be used up and then discarded or replaced
heresy
(n) the expression of shocking or unacceptable views
heretical
(adj) shocking; unacceptable; unorthodox
infirmity
(n) physical or mental weakness or defect
infirm
(adj) weak or feeble
profane
(v) to treat with scorn or irreverence
profane
(adj) disrespectful of sacred things
profane
(adj) not connected with religion; worldly
recompense
(v) to pay or compensate
recompense
(n) payment; compensation
repast
(n) food and drink; a meal
servitude
(n) a lack of freedom; forced labor
acrimony
(n) bitterness or sharpness or templer, manner, or speech; hostility
acrimonious
(adj) stinging, bitter in temper or tone
affinity
(n) attraction for someone or something with which one feels a closeness or kinship
ambivalent
(adj) having mixed, often opposing feelings about something or someone; indecisive
ambivalence
(n) Indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions
cessation
(n) a stopping, either final or temporary
emaciated
(adj) very thin or wasted away, especially from lack of nourishment; scrawny
enclave
(n) a distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
engender
(v) to bring into being; to produce
exacerbate
(v) to make more severe, bitter, or violent
illicit
(adj) not allowed, improper, or unlawful
indigenous
(adj) naturally living or growing in a certain area; native
inexorable
(adj) not to be persuaded, stopped, or moved by entreaty or plea; relentless
infatuated
(adj) filled with excessive, shallow, or foolish love or desire
infatuation
(n) excessive, shallow, or foolish love or desire
insatiable
(adj) never satisfied; greedy
poignant
(adj) painfully moving, affecting, or touching
proselytize
(v) to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause
curtail
(v) to cut short or reduce
discriminate
(v) to make or recognize clear distinctions
discriminate
(v) to treat in a less or more favorable way
discrimination
(n) the recognizing of clear distinctions
discrimination
(n) The act of making a distinction in favor of or against a person or thing on the basis of group or category rather than according to actual merit
discrimination
(n) the act of making fine distinctions; good or refined taste
espionage
(n) the act of spying, especially a government spy obtaining secrets of another government
inalienable
(adj) not able to be taken or given away
incarcerate
(v) to confine or to put in prison
incarceration
(n) confinement in prison
indignity
(n) an insult to one's pride; offensive or humiliating treatment
indiscriminate
(adj) not marked by careful distinctions; haphazard
infamous
(adj) having a very bad reputation; notorious
infamous
(adj) disgraceful; vicious
infamy
(n) An evil reputation; extreme disgrace
intercede
(v) to act or plead on another's behalf; to try to smooth the differences between two parties
malign
(v) to say negative and unfair things about; slander
perpetrate
(v) to commit, as a crime or other antisocial act
perpetrator
(n) one who commits crimes or other antisocial acts
rampant
(adj) threateningly wild, without restraint ot control; widespread
rancor
(n) a deep, long-held feeling of hatred or bitterness
reparation
(n) a mending or repair
reparation
(n pl) A making up or payment for a wrong or damage done, especially in the case of an international war
smattering
(n) superficial, scattered knowledge
smattering
(n) a small amount
adjudicate
(v) to hear and decide judicially; to judge
adjudicator
(n) one who judges
centennial
(n) a one-hundredth anniversary or its celebration
centennial
(adj) of or pertaining to a period of one hundred years
countenance
(n) a person's face; the expression on a person's face
countenance
(n) support or approval
countenance
(v) to support or approve; to tolerate
disgruntle
(v) to make dissatisfied; to put in a bad mood
equilibrium
(n) a state of balance
expedite
(v) to speed up a process; to facilitate
expeditious
(adj) with great speed; quick and efficient
gird
(v) to encircle, bind, or surround
gird
(v) to get ready for action; to brace
gratuitous
(adj) not called for; unnecssary
gratuitous
(adj) without charge; free
illusory
(adj) unreal or imagined; deceiving
implacable
(adj) incapable of being placated, soothed, or significantly changed; relentless
luminary
(n) a source of light, especially from the sky, such as the sun or the moon
luminary
(n) a person who is well-known for her or his achievements; a celebrity
manifesto
(n a public statement explaining the intentions, motives, or views of an individual or group
mesmerize
(v) to fascinate or hypnotize
precedent
(n) an act, statement, etc. that may serve as an example of justification for a later one
spurious
(adj) not genuine; false
asperity
(n) sharpness or harshness of manner
asperity
(n) roughness of surface; unevenness
bane
(n) a person or thing that destroys or causes harm
baneful
(adj) causing destruction or ruin
buffoon
(n) a person who often makes attempts to be funny; a clown; a fool
doleful
(adj) mournful or full of sorrow; causing grief
extrovert
(n) a person whose attention is focuses on others and on what is going on around him or her, rather than on his or her own feelings
garish
(adj) excessively bright and flashy; tastelessly glaring
hierarchy
(n) a group or system in which positions of power are ranked, usually from lowest to highest
imbue
(v) to fill completely with a feeling or idea; to inspire
instigate
(v) to stir up or urge on; to provoke
penchant
(n) a strong attraction or leaning
rambunctious
(adj) behaving in a wild and unruly manner
repertoire
(n) the list of pieces an actor, musician, etc. is ready to perform; the skills or accomplishments of a person or group
rudiment
(n) basic principles or skills
rudiment
(n) an undeveloped or beginning stage
undermine
(v) to weaken or ruin by degrees
undermine
(v) to attack by indirect, secret, or underhanded means
unremitting
(adj) not stopping or slowing down; constant
accolade
(n) an expression of approval or respect for special merit; an award
adamant
(adj) not yielding; firm
adulate
(v) to flatter or admire excessively; to idolize
adulation
(n) excessive admiration or flattery
altercation
(n) a loud and determined dispute; a noisy quarrel
annals
(n pl) a historical record of events, often arranged in a yearly sequence
assiduous
(adj) diligent and persistent
chary
(adj) exercising caution; hesitant
clique
(n) a small, exclusive; a group held together by like interests or purpose
decrepit
(adj) worn-out with use; broken down
endow
(v) to provide with a quality, a thing, or a gift of money
ephemeral
(adj) lasting a very short time
ingratiate
(v) to work to gain the favor of someone
pantheon
(n) A group of people held in high esteem for their great achievements.
perverse
(adj) turned away from what is right; wicked
perverse
(adj) stubbornly opposing what is right or reasonable
perversity
(n) wicked behavior
tutelage
(n) instruction, protection, or guardianship