Only $2.99/month

Terms in this set (139)

2nd wave of colonization is characterized by imperialism. Domination from trade, investment in business and activities that enable imperial powers to profit from affairs, colonialism refers to to political, social, economic, and cultural structures that enabled imperial powers to dominate subject lands, not just sending colonists to settle new lands. Infers controlling domestic and foreign colonies and introducing european business techniques; transforms the educational system to fit european standards (many euros came to believe that imperial expansion and colonization were crucial to survival of state and societies and personal fortune. motives: colonies provided reliable sources of raw materials not available in europe (rubber, copper, tin, petroleum) most manufactured goods did not flow back to africa, but once raw material sent out they stayed out (no benefit to africa). Rubber and tin were vital products in the industrial age, rubber trees were indigenous to amazon river basin, but imperialists established colonies along the congo river basin and malaya. 19th cent US provided petroleum, oil field in S.E. Asia attracts. Political motives: even if colonies were not economically beneficial, imperialists held them, it was crucial for political and military reasons to maintain them. european officials seek to inspire patriotism by focusing attention on foreign imperialist adventures- attractive alternative to civil war. Cultural justification: missionaries flock to africa and asia in search of converts to christianity, often opposed imperialist ventures and defended interests of their converts against european entrepreneurs and colonial officials. Spiritual campaigns provide strong religious reason to conquer, missionaries were the link between natives and european officials. Tools of conquest were technological advancements: railroads, steamships, weapons (rifles, gunboats, machine guns).