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Vitamins | Nutrients that Do Not Produce Energy | Unit 3
Terms in this set (19)
a group of nutrients found in living plants and animals. they do not provide energy. they work to release energy from fats, carbs, and proteins in the foods you eat. assist in forming bone and tissue. help your cells function. most of those you need must be consumed through food
why should we eat right (vitamins)
you need vitamins to survive. certain combos of vitamins work best. it is best to consume vitamins through foods.
- protect your immune system
- promotes healthy skin and eyesight
- improves the bodys resistance to infection
- aids in immune function, reproduction, and bone growth
-stored in the liver
- small amounts are found in chemical forms in humans tissue called retinoids(name related to the vitamin's critical effect on vision (and particularly on the retina of the eye).
- found in dairy products, green and yellow veggies, the darker the green the higher in vitamins A
how does vitamin A contribute to improve the bodys resistance to infection?
by maintaining the health of the skin, mucous membranes, and other surface linings (for example, the intestinal tract) so that harmful bacteria and viruses can't get into your body
- one of the most potent vitamins to your health
- 8 vitamins in the B complex
- helps your body regulate appetite and digestion, keeps your nervous system healthy, and helps your body release energy, especially from carbohydrates.
- pork is a good source of this vitamin
helps your body release energy from food, keeps your eyes healthy, and helps keep your skin healthy. Good sources of riboflavin include whole-grain breads and cereals; dairy products, such as milk and cheese; meat, especially liver; fish; poultry; and eggs. water souble
it keeps your nervous system healthy and helps your body use protein and fat. Good sources of niacin (B3) include whole-grain breads and cereals, poultry, meats and fish, and peanuts and peanut butter.
folic acid (B9)
occurs naturally in foods. helps your body produce and maintain cells. It also is one of the few nutrients known to prevent neural tube defects ("neural tube" refers to the brain and spinal cord during embryonic development) such as spina bifida, which affects about one in 1000 pregnancies each year in the United States. Good sources of folate include leafy, green vegetables (such as spinach and turnip greens); citrus fruits; and dried beans and peas. lowers the amount of triglycerides in your body
important to maintain the health of your metabolism, blood cells and nerves.
Pantothenic Acid (B5)
a water-soluble vitamin. Pantothenic acid is an essential nutrient. Animals require pantothenic acid in order to synthesize coenzyme-A, as well as to synthesize and metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. (wiki)
Water-soluble vitamin, also known as vitamin H, helps fats/carbs/protein release energy, helps with cell growth. Deficiency includes hair loss, cracking skin, mucous membrane issues, etc. Healthy sources include nuts, legumes, soy beans, whole-grains and cauliflower.
vitamin C - ascorbic acid
helps you fight infections, helps wounds heal, and keeps teeth and gums strong. found particularly in citrus fruits and green, leafy vegetables.
what is scurvy ?
Long ago, people had minimal access to foods rich in vitamin C. As a result, some developed a disease called "scurvy." symptoms include bleeding gums, loose teeth, wounds that don't heal, and joint and muscle pain.
helps your body absorb calcium, which results in strong bones and teeth. This vitamin is sometimes considered the "sunshine" vitamin because your body uses your skin to convert the sun's ultraviolet rays into vitamin D. Without sufficient vitamin D, children can develop a skeletal disease called rickets, which can cause brittle, misshapen bones. Vitamin D is added to milk and some cereals. Egg yolks, fish (salmon, tuna, and sardines) and fish oils, and meats also are good sources of this vitamin.
Vitamin E helps repair DNA and plays a role in immune functions and other metabolic processes.
You can get vitamin E by eating fortified cereals; green, leafy vegetables; nuts (such as peanuts—including peanut butter); and vegetable oils. one of the antioxidant vitamins.
work to protect your body from excess "free radicals." Free radicals are byproducts of the breakdown of food to form energy. Although the body needs some free radicals, too many can cause the destruction of cells. Scientists believe that free radicals are at least partly the cause of many diseases that occur as we age.
blood clotting vitamin. body forms half of the vitamin. you need the other half from food. found in leafy vegetables, cheese, liver, asparagus, coffee, bacon, and green tea.
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