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Minerals | Unit 3
Terms in this set (11)
nutrients that regulate chemical reactions in the body.
required in amounts greater than 100 mg per day . examples: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur.
- makes bone and teeth strong
- helps your muscles
- aids in proper blood clotting
found in dairy products such as milk and cheese; legumes and soybean products; and green, leafy vegetables like broccoli.
important for metabolic functions
Good sources for magnesium include soy products; whole grains; beans; nuts; fruit; and green, leafy vegetables.
- important for strong bones and teeth
- builds strong cells
in dairy products like milk and cheese, meats, poultry, and legumes.
- regulates fulids in your cells
- potent in the process of muscle contraction
Especially good sources of potassium include bananas, oranges, potatoes, and peanuts.
responsible for controlling the balance of water in your body. Most of your body's sodium is found in the blood.
Sodium is found in table salt, meats, cheese, and crackers. do not consume more than a teaspoon of salt a day. can lead to high blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease or stroke.
helps keep hair, nails, and skin healthy. Sulfur can be found in meats, dairy products like milk and cheese, eggs, legumes, nuts, and brown sugar.
Minerals that your body requires in very small amounts. common trace minerals are iron and zinc
helps your body resist infection, helps derive energy from food, and helps red blood cells transport oxygen. Iron is more important for women and children than for men. Women must regularly replenish their iron because they lose it during menstruation. Children need it because they are growing. Good sources of iron include liver, beef, and fortified cereals.
helps with digestion, helps heal wounds, supports a healthy immune system, and helps maintain your sense of taste and smell.
Oysters contain more zinc per serving than any other food. Zinc also can be found in red meat, and poultry, seafood, milk, eggs, and whole-grain cereals and breads.
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