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Terms in this set (29)
An individual's distinct and relatively
enduring pattern of thoughts, feelings, motives, and behaviors
pleasure principle that Contains basic drives.
Consists of moral ideals and conscience
Operates according to the reality principle.
the id's boundless drive for immediate gratification
the ego's capacity to delay gratification.
Why Was Oedipus Complex Important to Freud?
Freud believed that the superego is fully developed through the Oedipus Complex.
Psychic energy being stuck in a previous developmental stage
Unconscious methods of minimizing anxiety by denying and distorting reality.
ego pushes unacceptable impulses out of awareness, back into the unconscious mind. (ex. a girl was abused by her uncle, and she pushed the memory of it away, so she can't remember any of it as an adult.)
The ego replaces a less acceptable motive with a more acceptable one. (ex. College student doesn't get into the fraternity of choice, so he tells himself "it was a hard fraternity to get into and that most people don't get in.")
Ego shifts feelings toward an unacceptable object to another, more acceptable object. (ex. A woman can't take her anger out on her boss, so when she goes home she takes it out on her husband.)
The ego replaces an unacceptable impulse with a socially acceptable one. (ex. A man with strong sexual urges becomes an artist who paints nudes.)
the ego attributes personal shortcomings, problems, and faults to others. (ex. A man who has a strong desire to have an extramarital affair accuses his wife of flirting with other men.)
The ego transforms an unacceptable motive into it's opposite. (ex. A woman who fears her sexual urges becomes a religious zealot.)
The ego refuses to acknowledge anxiety-producing realities. (ex. A man won't acknowledge that he has cancer even though a team of doctors has diagnosed his cancer.)
The Ego seeks security if an earlier developmental period In the face of stress. (ex. A woman returns home to mother every time she and her husband have a big argument.)
A test in which people are asked to report what they see in a set of inkblots
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A test in which people are asked to make up stories from a set of ambiguous pictures.
Criticisms of Psychodynamic tests/theory
Too much emphasis on early experiences, Too much faith in unconscious mind's control, Too much emphasis on sexual instincts.
Contributions of Psychodynamic tests/theory
Importance of childhood experiences, Development proceeds in stages, Role of unconscious processes.
A relatively stable predisposition to behave in a certain way.
A model of personality that consists of five basic traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness.
High: Imaginative, liberal (not political), curious, interested in new experiences, nonconformist
Low: Traditional, conservative (not political), conformist
High: Organized, careful, responsible, stoic
Low: Unorganized, carefree, easily distracted, gullible
High (Extravert): Seeks stimulation and group activities, often impulsive, easily bored, assertive
Low (Introvert): Avoids stimulation, seeks solitude and quiet, low-key, anxious in groups
High: Easygoing, helpful and empathetic, trusting
Low: Stubborn, argumentative, suspicious, strong willed
Neuroticism (emotional stability)
High: Mood swings, anxious, self-critical, easily upset, hostile
Low: Calm and relaxed, in control of emotions
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
A large scale test designed to measure a multitude of psychological disorders and personality traits.
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