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Terms in this set (39)
A state if physical and psychological fulfillment and potential in which the capacities of the individual have been developed.
Acceptance of self and others, accurate perception of reality, personal autonomy, intrapersonal congruence, and healthy interpersonal relationships.
Is the basic motivational force of humanity. It is inherent in each organism to develop all its capacities in ways which serve to maintain or enhance it.
Organismic valuing process
We are all born with it. It allows us to value experiences that maintain or enhance growth and value negatively that that negate growth. We relate to the world in a subjective way based on perception, rather than a "pure" or objective reality.
As we interact with others in our world we gain a perception of what constitutes "I" or "me" as well as how we view ourselves in relationship to other and the world. It is influenced by our sense of worth which is developed from feedback from others over time.
As our self-concept develops we take on a powerful need to be prized, loved and accepted. This need for it becomes the most potent and pressing need of the developing self. The need for it from others can supersede experiences that would actually contribute to actualization.
We begin to regard ourselves as we are regarded by other people. It develops in such a way that behaviors are regarded positively that may not actually be experienced as organismically satisfying or behaviors may be regarded negatively that are orgnaimically satisfying.
Conditions of worth
As a result of the internalized value of others, these are acquired when we experience worth (or lack thereof) based on behaviors. We learn at an early are to exchange actualizing tendency for the conditional love of others. The more conditional the love of parents and primary support group, the more pathology is likely to develop.
A basic estrangement of self and experience in human beings. Conditions of worth create a situation where the self is divided against itself. The tension between the inherent tendency to actualize and the behaviors engaged in to maintain self-regard imposed by conditions of worth. In short, there is a lack of wholeness or being "true to self". The gap between who they perceive themselves to be and who they want themselves to be.
The ability of the organism to discriminate stimuli below conscious recognition. As a result of it an individual engages in defenses, perceptual distortions, and symptoms to prevent threatening experiences from being accurately represented in awareness, which would violate the conditions of worth and threaten regard.
Major goal of intervention
is to increase congruence between the self and experience through a process of integration.
(Rogers believed that the therapeutic relationship itself contained all of the conditions necessary and sufficient for change in all clients and in all situations. Meaning the strategies for intervention are related to the therapist's use of self and the relationship dynamic.)
Two people must be in a relationship in which each makes perceived differences to the other.
The client is vulnerable to anxiety because they are in a state of incongruence. There is a potential for subception of experiences that threaten the self.
The therapist is freely and deeply authentic and congruent within themselves. Including self-expression.
Unconditional Positive Regard
In order for the client to accept experiences that have created incongruence that must be able to minimize the value of the conditional positive regard imposed by others. The therapist must prize and care about the client no matter what. Consequently the client can become free to accept all that they are with love and caring. Client must feel you are non-judgmental, non-possessive respect, and caring for their self-concept and feelings. Client knows you genuinely care. We can have both good boundaries and unconditional positive regard.
An ability to experience and express the inner world of the client, as if it were the therapist's own, without the therapist's own emotions getting tangled up in the experience.
Perception of genuineness
The client is able to perceive the acceptance and understanding of the therapist.
One of the primary strategies that leads a client toward integration and congruence. Encouraging direct and intense emotional expression through continual redirecting to the feeling aspect of what is being discussed, then responding with accurate empathy.
One of the primary strategies that leads a client toward integration and congruence.
Use it to expand consciousness and awareness. This skill encourages the therapist to be a surrogate information processor.
Core conditions for the therapeutic relationship
Unconditional positive regard, empathy, and congruence. in this model clients discover congruence. even if using other model try to use core conditions.
genuineness and authenticity. True to one's own personality. Spirit and character genuinely interested and invested, behavior congruent with emotions and verbalization's. Helping someone to be congruent means past, present and future.
attuned to the clients feeling and beliefs (respect amped up). There is action involved with empathy. Read or assess what the client is saying even though they haven't said it yet we can take a guess. Be reflecting. Be careful with self-disclosure. It is always about the client never about us in both content and emotion.
A person's self-actualizing tendency can be stunted or warped by incongruence.
Framework a person applies to themselves based on life experience and interactions with the world. Incongruence grows out of this. It is influenced by the way we see ourselves reflected in the attitudes expressed by family and friends. It can be "loosened" to create space for change and growth.
Growth occurs naturally when one is in a situation with the proper conditions to encourage that growth.
The therapist's job is to set the stage, and then the client is able to do what is "loosen" the self-structures necessary for positive growth and change.
Therapist client relationship
The relationship is characterized by equality, and the therapist should not chose the goals of the client but instead help the client define and clarify their goals
Process of person-centered therapy
There are no real techniques other than reflective listening (for content and feeling) empathizing, understanding, and responding to the client.
client in teaching role
Clients learn more about themselves and their unsolved problems than they have ever known before because they are in the teaching role of trying to help the therapist understand their situations
Walk with the client
Therapist avoids interpretation/analysis, focuses on the present and primarily focuses on the person, not the problem, we walk with the client
Through self-examination (with the unconditional support of the therapist) clients open up new areas of change and growth
Client unconditional positive regard
The therapist/client relationship in person centered is powerful in the client's life, they will give us back the same unconditional positive regard.
Limitations and Criticisms
Overly optimistic and simplistic view of human nature. Core conditions are important but not enough to sustain change. May be supportive and not challenge client, which make change difficult. Limits the therapist's teaching and guiding role. Requires client to be capable of a certain level of insight and motivation for change. Some client's may need more structure and guidance than this approach provides. This means you will have to switch and bring other modalities into your work with client.
Human beings have an individual potential that needs to be achieved in order for them to experience satisfaction with life. This applies over the lifespan.
By a process of internally evaluating our experience we individually evolve by change and adaptation through the means of self-regulation.
is where blockages to the actualising process occur.
The acutalisation process becomes blocked and internal disharmony results when an incongruence between feelings and experience, expression or action occurs. Inner conflict is generated and emotional or behavioral problems can develop.
begins at infancy as we start to have experiences that will be given meaning. We take experiences, attribute meaning to them through our feelings, and use this as feedback to form a picture of how we see ourselves and the value that we have to others.
is where our underlying tendencies are generated as part of our being a living organism that will have experiences over time.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
SW Study Guide
Phlebotomy Textbook Third Edition Chapters 13-16