Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (51)
What is myelin made of?
mostly lipid (fat)
What is another term for sensory neuron?
What is another term for motor neuron?
What is the role of the occipital lobe?
What is the role of the temporal lobe?
hearing, olfactory, taste
What is the role of the frontal lobe?
major motor movement, higher-order thinking
Where is the Broca's area?
under the left frontal lobe
What is the function of the Broca's area?
speech production (moving mouth)
What is Broca's aphasia?
""broken speech", trouble speaking, halting/jarring speech but you can understand what people are saying
What is Huntington's Chorea?
A genetically transmitted disorder with symptoms including jerky, rapid and repetitive movements
What is Parkinson's disease?
Movement disorder caused by the death of cells that generate dopamine in the basal ganglia
What is the basal ganglia responsible for?
What disease is known for pill-rolling?
What is the role of the cerebellum?
What does the pineal gland do?
What does melatonin do?
regulates sleep/wake cycle
What does the corpus callosum do?
connects the two hemispheres
What does the diencephalon consist of?
thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus
What does the thalamus do?
sensory relay station
What does the hypothalamus do?
What does the epithalamus do?
contains pineal gland which secretes melatonin
What does the medulla oblongata do?
controls breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure
What are fissures?
deep grooves in the brain
What are the three fissures in the brain?
lateral, central, and longitudinal
What are gyri?
ridges of the brain
What are sulci?
What is gray matter composed of?
What is white matter composed of?
Why do impulses travel faster down neurons in white matter?
What is ataxia?
the loss of full control of bodily movements
What is the function of the nervous system?
inputs information through peripheral nervous system (sensory) - integrates information in central nervous system - outputs information through peripheral information (motor)
What makes up the central nervous system?
brain and spinal cord
What makes up the peripheral nervous system?
What are nerves called in the central nervous system?
What is the sympathetic nervous system?
"Fight or flight" Blood pressure/heart rate increase
What is the parasympathetic nervous system?
rest and digest
What is the autonomic nervous system?
It is the part of the nervous system that covers the involuntary activities of your body
What is the somatic motor nervous system?
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the body's skeletal muscles
What is the somatic sensory nervous system?
What is the visceral sensory nervous system?
visceral organs (bladder, stomach)
What is a stroke?
Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.
What is epilepsy?
Sudden bursts of electrical signals to the brain
What is Alzheimer's disease?
a progressive degenerative disease of the brain that results in dementia
What is the blood brain barrier?
a filtering mechanism of the capillaries that carry blood to the brain and spinal cord tissue, blocking the passage of certain substances.
Gray matter is
White matter is
What is the function of Schwann cells?
myelinate axons in the PNS
What is the function of oligodendrocytes?
myelinate axons in the CNS
What are astrocytes?
These are abundant, star-shaped cells that account for nearly half of the neural tissue. These brace neurons and form barrier between capillaries and neurons
What are ependymal cells?
These are glial cells that line the central cavities of the brain and the spinal cord. These have cilia that helps to circulate cerebrospinal fluid that fillds cavities and protects the CNS
What are microglial cells?
defensive cells in the CNS
Recommended textbook explanations
Anatomy & Physiology Student Workbook
Kent Pryor, Richard Allan, Tracey Greenwood
Human Anatomy And Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn
Anatomy and Physiology
The Human Body in Health & Disease
Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton
Sets with similar terms
Biology Study Guide - Central and Peripheral Nervo…
biology ch.33 section 2 (gendron)
Health Science Nervous System 7:6
Central Nervous System Test - MED
Other sets by this creator
Phil 1020- Exam 2 (Kivatinos)
INTB Module 4
Zanzot 1020 Exam 4
Biology 1020 Zanzot Final Exam