Terms in this set (130)
A classification of literary composition characterized by particular elements of form and content
New Testament Genres
Narrative, Gospel, Epistle, Apocalyptic
A story or account
Prophetic revelatory literature
The record of the words & deeds of Jesus designed to proclaim the redemption available in Jesus Christ.
Dates Covered in NT
Gospels, Pauline Epistles, Acts, General & Johannine
6/4 BCE to 33 CE
Pauline Epistles Dates
50 to 67 CE
33 to 62 CE
General and Johannine Dates
47 to 90 CE
Agreement/Compact between God and individuals/people.
Genesis 12: Established a people set apart to God
Deuteronomy 6-9: Established Israel as a nation with one God
2 Samuel 7: Promised a king from Israel who would rule the world in peace and righteousness
4 Empires Between Old and New Testament
Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome
Babylon Influence on NT Times
Preserved Judah as a People - The "Jews"
Persia Influence on NT Times
Allowed the Jews to return and rebuild
Greece Influence on NT Times
Hellenization and Septuagint (translation Hebrew OT into Greek)
Rome Influence on NT Times
Pax Romana, common language, roads, safe travel
The spread, adoption, and influence of Greek culture.
Hellenization's Influence on NT Times
Seed for Greek and Hebrew Jews, Syncretism (Fusion of Beliefs/Religions), Philosophy, Public Services, Home and Family, Women and Children
Holy men who valued Mosaic Law and Moses's teachings during Hellenization and formed party of holy men to guard purity of Judaism. Legalists who valued tithing, ritual purity, and law.
Aristocratic, worldly priests from leading families who kept the law but denied resurrection/future retribution. Welcomed Hellenization.
Copyists of the Law, called lawyers. Influenced Jewish culture due to expertise in the Law.
Gathering place for worship/prayer/Torah. Began in Jewish homes during exile. After, became religious institution wherever masses of Jews lived.
Militant Jewish religious/political party that wanted to expel the Romans.
70 member aristocratic body that ruled Jerusalem. Active in Christ's day and governed by high priest.
Student/learner/pupil, follower of Jesus.
The family that ruled over parts of Palestine under Caesar's rule.
The Roman Procurator who ruled in Judea during part of Jesus' life.
Inductive Bible Study (own words)
Determine what I see in the text, decide what it means, and find a connection to my life.
Steps of Inductive Bible Study
Observe, interpret, apply
Six Questions of Observation in Inductive Bible Study
Who, what, where, when, how, why
Seven Periods of Jesus' Life
Beginning in Galilee, Early Judean, Great Galilean, Withdrawal, Late Judean, Perean, Passion Week
Period 1 of Jesus' Life
Beginning in Galilee - Several Months
Period 2 of Jesus' Life
Early Judean - Several Months
Period 3 of Jesus' Life
Great Galilean - 18 Months
Period 4 of Jesus' Life
Withdrawal - 6 Months
Period 5 of Jesus' Life
Late Judean - 3 Months
Period 6 of Jesus' Life
Perean - 4 Months
Period 7 of Jesus' Life
Passion Week - 8 Days
Map of Israel Locations
PGCNSDJJPBB - Phoenicia, Galilee, Capernaum, Nazareth, Samaria, Decapolis, Judea, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Bethany
State the approximate times given in class for each period of Jesus' ministry.
Jesus' Life Event 1
Jesus' Life Event 2
Jesus' Life Event 3
Water to Wine
Jesus' Life Event 4
Cleansing the Temple
Jesus' Life Event 5
Jesus' Life Event 6
Woman at the Well
Jesus' Life Event 7
Sermon on the Mount
Jesus' Life Event 8
Choosing the 12
Jesus' Life Event 9
Jesus' Life Event 10
Jesus' Life Event 11
Feeds the 4 and 5 thousand, walks on water
Jesus' Life Event 12
Announces His Death
Jesus' Life Event 13
Jesus' Life Event 14
Sends Out 70/72
Jesus' Life Event 15
Jesus' Life Event 16
Mary and Martha
Jesus' Life Event 17
Jesus' Life Event 18
Jesus' Life Event 19
Blesses the Children
Jesus' Life Event 20
Jesus' Life Event 21
Cleansing the Temple 2
Jesus' Life Event 22
Upper Room Discourse
Jesus' Life Event 23
Jesus' Life Event 24
Jesus' Life Event 25
The Great Commission
How does each event in Jesus' life assist in understanding the story of Jesus?
Define Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ is undiminished deity and complete humanity united in one being forever.
Supporting Book/Chapter References for Definition of Jesus
Deity, Humanity, Unity, Why?
How do these references assist in understanding who Jesus is?
An imaginary story that could have actually happened
Two Purposes of Parables
Illustrate and inculcate some higher spiritual truth.
Three Elements in Interpreting Parables
Distinguish between body/soul, define scope of spiritual truth intended to convey, study context to determine why it's told.
Matthew, Mark, Luke
Why The Synoptic Gospels Are Similar
Tell same story, use common sources, Markan Priority (Matthew and Luke draw from Mark), Mark and Q (both Mark and second source).
Matthew: View of Jesus
Matthew: Time of Writing
Matthew: Key Word
Matthew: Key Verse
Mark: View of Jesus
Mark: Time of Writing
Mark: Key Word
Mark: Key Verse
Luke: View of Jesus
Theophilus, Greeks, Gentiles
Luke: Time of Writing
60 or 70 AD
Luke: Key Word
Son of Man
Luke: Key Verse
John: View of Jesus
John: Time of Writing
50 or 90 AD
John: Key Word
John: Key Verse
Matthew: Summarizing Idea
The King offered the Kingdom and the Jews rejected it
Mark: Summarizing Idea
Jesus, God's servant, came to serve and to save us
Luke: Summarizing Idea
God became human to teach us and save the world from our sin
John: Summarizing Idea
Jesus is God's Son and he came to give us eternal life
John's Two-Fold Purpose and Reference
John 20:30-31: That you may believe that Jesus is the Christ and that you may have life in his name.
Summarize Key Facts About the Four Gospels
Define Textual Criticism
The study of a literary work that aims to establish the original text
Three Sources of Text In Textual Criticism Process
1) Greek manuscripts
2) Early translations from Greek to Latin
3) Quotations in writings of early church fathers/lectionaries
Two Passages Where Textual Questions Still Exist
Mark 16: 9-20
John 7:53 - 8:11
How Textual Criticism Creates Bible Trust
Very few copying errors that exist are easily reconciled by comparing the vast number of copies. One word or sentence be accidentally added to a single copy, but not omitted from many.
The Importance of Studying The Canon
Increases confidence in NT, broadens understanding and appreciation of treasure of books, better informs us concerning most influential book in the West.
Test 1 of Canonicity
Test 2 of Canonicity
Universal/Ecclesiastical Acceptance: Did the early church use the book in its worship and order?
Test 3 of Canonicity
Doctrinal Consistency: Is the book consistent with itself and with other Bible teaching?
Test 4 of Canonicity
Message of the Book: Spiritual and Moral Soundness
Why the NT Canon Was Formed
Other writings endangered purity of the truth, death of the apostles (no one to verify anymore), OT Canon
Define Biblical Inerrancy
belief that the bible is free from all errors in their original manuscripts, not only in spiritual areas, but in natural as well.
Define Biblical Infallibility
Scripture is not able to lead us astray, allows historic/scientific contradictions to be overlooked due to overall spiritual significance.