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106 terms

Nervous System

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cepahlic
head
cephalocele
hernia of the head
cephalocentesis
Surgical puncture of the head to remove fluid
cephalodynia
headache
cephalopathy
disease of the brain/head
Cerebrum
Largest area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body, the thinking area
Cephalo
head
Cerebro
cerebrum
cerebrosclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening of the cerebrum
cerebrospinal
pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cerebrovascular
pertaining to the cerebrum and blood vessels
cerebromalacia
softening of the cerebrum
cranio
skull
craniocele
A protrusion of the brain through a defect in the skull
craniotomy
a surgical opening through the skull
craniocaudal
pertaining to the head to the feet
craniocerebral
pertaining to the cranium and cerebrum
craniology
study of the skull
Encephal/o
inside of head; brain
encephalotomy
incision into the brain
encephalic
pertaining to the brain
encephalogram
radiograph of the brain with air injected into the ventricles
encephalomyelitis
acute inflammation of brain and spinal cord
encephalopathy
any disease or disorder of the brain
gli
glue, glue-like
Neuroglia
"nerve glue"; many types of cells that support, insulate, and protect neurons
glioma
A tumor originating in the neuroglia of the brain or spinal cord.
gliocyte
glial cell
gliomatosis
formation of a large glioma
kinesi
movement, motion
kinesalgia
pain in movement
kineplasty
surgical repair to movement
kinesia
pertaining to movement
kinesics
the study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and facial expressions
kinesiology
the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
Mening/o
meninges;( membranes around the brain and spinal cord)
Meninges
three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, consisting of the dura mater, pia mater, and arachnoid mater
meningitis
Inflammation of the meninges. May lead to paralysis, difficulty breathing or a coma depending on how bad the infection is. Can be bacterial or viral
meningocyte
meninges cell
meningocele
herniation of the meninges, Form of spina bifida in which the spinal cord develops properly but the meninges protrude through the spine
meninx
a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
myelo
bone marrow, spinal cord
Spinal cord
cord of nerve tissue that conducts messages between the brain and the peripheral nerves
bone marrow
a soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
myelomalcia
abnormal softening of the spinal cord
myelopathy
any pathologic condition of the spinal cord
myeloradiculitis
inflammation of the spinal cord and the dorsal root of the spinal nerve
neuro
nerve
nervous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems
neurology
the study of the nervous system
neuroma
any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
neurologist
a physician who diagnoses and treats disorders of the nervous system
neuroepithelioma
malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium
Thalm/o
Thalamus
Thalamus
the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
thalamic
pertaining to the thalamus
thalamocortical
relating to or connecting the cortex and thalamus
Ton/o
tone; tension
tension
the physical condition of being stretched or strained
tonaphasia
Loss, through cerebral lesion, of the ability to remember tunes
tonometer
measuring instrument for measuring tension or pressure (especially for measuring intraocular pressure in testing for glaucoma)
Ventricul/o
ventricle ( of heart or brain)
Ventricle
one of four connected cavities in the brain
ventriculogram
x ray of the ventricles of brain
ventricular
pertaining to a ventricle (chamber of the heart or brain)
- algesia
(pain)
-algia
(pain)
-esthesia
(feeling, sensation)
-phasia
(speech)
-asthenia
(weakness)
-ictal
(seizure)
-phonia
(voice)
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
-lepsy
seizure
ataxia
lack of muscular coordination
plegia
paralysis
-paresis
parital paralysis, weakness
hemi-
right or left hemishpere of body
TIA
transient ischemic attack- mini stroke, sudden lack of blood to the brain, temporary
alzheimers
degenerative brain disease evidenced by plaques in the motor and cognitive areas of the brain, memory loss
aphasia
the inability to speak
Guillian-Barre
ascending paralysis, polyneuropathy
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid surrounds the brain and spinal cord
Parkinson's
Loss of dopamine, resting tremors
Bell's Palsy
CNVII, facial paralysis on one side of face
meningomyelocele
herniation of the meninges and the nerves of the spinal cord as in spina bifida
paraparesis
parial paralysis in both lower extremeties (BLE's)
LP
lumbar puncture or spinal tap to draw CSF
CVA
cerebrovascular accident, stroke, embolic, hemorrhagic(aneurysm) or thrombotic
EEG
record of the electrical impulses of the brain
subdural hematoma
collection of blood beneath the Dura Mater
sciatica
sciatic nerve pain that runs down the leg
Multiple Sclerosis
autoimmune disorder caused by the demylination of the nerves of the spinal cord, patient experiences exacerbations and remissions
tetra
four
syncope
fainting
hypokalemia
low potassium in the blood
syn-
together
-drome
running
dsylexia
reading, writing learning disablity
Doppler ultrasound
detects sound waves from the body
glioblastoma
malignant brain tumor
paresthesia
pins and needles
TIA
transient ischemic attack, mini stroke, temporary lack of blood to the brain
hydrocephalus
excessive CSF on the brain
aura
sensation preceding a headache or seizure
anencephaly
congenital brain malformation