US History -- Crews - 7th Period
Terms in this set (48)
Treaty of Paris, 1783
Ended the American Revolutionary war.
Olive Branch Petition
A document sent to Charles III requesting a return to a friendly, loyal status between England and it's American Colonies
Explain how the philosophy of John Locke is evident in the Declaration of Independence.
When Thomas Jefferson wrote Declaration of Independence, he used the main idea from John Locke, "Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness", and the Declaration of Independence was focus on people's right.
The 4 parts of the declaration of Independence.
1. It all starts with the natural rights of all humans.
2. Then it talks about the colonist rebel
3. Then it explains how King George III failed to protect the colonist rights
4. It finishes with the colonies finally declaring their independence and separating from England
Explain the relationship between the American victory at Saratoga and the foreign aid that helped the United States in their efforts toward gaining independence from Britain.
Gates back off to the north of the village of Saratoga with his 5000 surviving soldiers. By October 13, about 20000 Americans had surrounded the British, and about four days later, Burgoyne was forced to agree to the first large-scale surrender of British in the Revolutionary War. Soon after the Patriot victory, the court of France made arrangements with Benjamin Franklin-- the ambassador of America begin providing formal French aid to the Patriots. This assistance was the most important source that makes American victory in the Revolutionary War.
6. Explain the circumstances and events regarding the negotiations between the United States, the
British, the French and the Spanish that ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
Confirmed U.S. independence and set the boundaries of the new nation. The United
States now stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and from
Canada to the Florida border.
8. How did the writings of Thomas Paine impact the colonies and the revolution?
Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense helped to overcome many colonists' doubts about separating from Britain. Many colonies believed in Thomas Paine's ideas and wanted to be rid of tyranny as well as free to pursue their own economic gain and political ideals.
2nd Continental Congress
Congress of American leaders which first met in 1775, declared independence in 1776, and helped lead the United States during the Revolution
Olive Branch Petition
On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.
Agreements not to import goods from Great Britain. They were designed to put pressure on the British economy and force the repeal of unpopular parliamentary acts.
Sons of Liberty
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine and the pamphlet was attacking King George III. Paine was explaining his revolt against the king and the Lexington and Concord.
Explain how Colonial fear of the loss of rights and freedoms caused their resistance to various acts of Parliament.
companies of civilian soldiers who boasted that they were ready to fight on a minute's notice
Was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers shot and killed five people while under attack by a mob. The incident was heavily publicized by leading Patriots, such as Paul Revere and Samuel Adams, to encourage rebellion against the British authorities.
Compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of the Colonial and British Armies. (page 115)
1) Far Away
2) Not Famillar with Territory
3) Weak leaders
4) Sympathy of British politicians for American cause
1) Strong and well trained
2) Strong central government
3) Supported by loyalists and native Americans
2) Low amount of Supllies and food
3) Inferior Navy
4) No Central Government
1) Famillar with land
2) George Washington and many other strong leaders
3) Inspired by independence
a sailor of african and native american ancestry
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
Benedict, was a popular Patriot soldier and leader. He helped defend New England and then served as an American commandant in Philadelphia.
King George III
was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland he
pressed Parliament to act.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
rights that cannot be taken away
Powers that are fair and come from the consent of the governed
Commander of the Continental Army
Seven Years War
(1756-1763 CE) Known also as the French and Indian war. It was the war between the French and their Indian allies and the English that proved the English to be the more dominant force of what was to be the United States both commercially and in terms of controlled regions.
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Explain the causes and results of the event known as the Boston Massacre
Cause- British government had raised the taxes on the colonist through the Stamp Act and the colonies started to protest against the British.
one of the founders of a group called "Sons of Liberty"/ was unsuccessful in business and deeply in debt, he proved himself to be a powerful and influential political activist
a 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct taxation of goods and services within the british colonies in North America
Nathanael was a major general in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.
5. Understand the Colonial resistance to "Taxation without representation.
the colonial had not liked that they were being taxed so that Britain could pay for the debt caused by the french and indian war. The colonial had attacked British stamp agents.
Declaration of Independence
written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, where the Continental Congress declared its independence from Britain
Lee, Richard Henry
Was an American statesman from Virginia, he was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation.
Merchant from massachusetts who signed the declaration of independence of the united states
Were a series of British Acts of Parliament passed during 1767 and 1768 and relating to the British in North America.
Author of Common Sense, came from England
He anticipated the vision of the United States of America as the endorsement of a great "empire of freedom" that would promote democracy and the struggle against British imperialism. Third president of the united states.
Committes of Correspondence
Were shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders of the Thirteen Colonies on the eve of the American Revolution. They coordinated responses to England and shared their plans; by 1773 they had emerged as shadow governments, superseding the colonial legislature and royal officials.
Boston Tea Party
Was a political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. American Patrriots strongly opposed the taxes in the Townsend Act as a violation of their rights.
Crispus Attucks was an African-American man killed during the Boston Massacre and thus believed to be the first casualty of the American Revolution
a remarkable political philosopher, served as the second President of the United States (1797-1801), after serving as the first Vice President under President George Washington
Friedrich von Steuben
a Prussian and later an American military office/ served as Inspector General and a Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War
An educated aristocrat with military and political experience/served King George III and Britain as one of the leading generals of the Revolutionary War, where he proved himself as a gifted strategist
Marquis de Lafayette
a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War commanding American troops in several battles
Treaty of Paris 1783
signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783/ ended the American Revolutionary War.
the doctrine that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities