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Unit 1 Test: Introduction to Environmental Science
Terms in this set (39)
The surroundings and conditions where organisms live.
The Earth and its atmosphere which serve as a habitat for organisms.
Substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
Substance of value to an organism that can be replenished in less time than it takes to exhaust the supply.
Substance of value to an organism that cannot be replenished in less time than it takes to exhaust the supply.
A way of using natural resources that avoids the depletion of the supply in order to maintain an ecological balance.
The biology discipline focused on environmental processes with a goal of sustainable living.
The stages required to develop a pattern of sustainable living. 1. Connecting to Nature 2. Ecology (Studying the Science of Environment) 3. Democratic Consensus Building 4. Taking Environmental Action
The study of the environment, gaining knowledge of environmental processes.
A person with an interest or concern in an environmental issue or problem.
A process for making decisions where stakeholders with a variety of experiences, attitudes and beliefs negotiate to develop a plan of environmental action.
The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies.
The basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group and how it connects them to the environment.
The environmental philosophy, also know as Anthropocentrism, where nature is here to meet human needs, conservation is only encouraged when it benefits humans, and there is a focus on economics and technology.
The environmental philosophy, also know as Land Ethic, where humans, collectively, are responsible to manage and take care of nature, using of resources wisely, promoting farming and hunting sustainably.
The Earth-centered environmental philosophy where humans and nature are equal and interdependent; humans should use minimal resources, learn from nature, and establish wilderness.
The environmental philosophy where humans connect to nature in spiritual ways, giving nature divine qualities, all living things a spirit, and worshiping in and through nature.
The accumulation of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, notions of time, roles, concepts of the universe and possessions acquired by a group of people over many generations that influences a person's connection to their environment.
Ancient (to 699 CE)
During what period of history is this: the beginning of environmental problems (deforestation, lead poisoning, and water pollution) and environmental solutions/management (controlled burns, sacred forests)
Industrial Age (1800-1889)
During what period of history: increased manufacturing and rapid increase in city slums brought health problems from smog and pollution.
Progressive Era (1890-1919)
During what history period did: the creation of the national park system and forestry service under the guidance of Theodore Roosevelt; addressing urban slum and work issues
Great Depression (1930's)
What history period is this: Dust Bowl (unsustainable farming practices and drought); FDR institutes TVA & CCC to combat unemployment and environmental problems.
Decade of Awakening (1960's)
During what period of history did the: burning of the polluted Cuyahoga River; authors and activists brought environmental issus to public attention
Environmental Decade (1970's)
During what period of history did: the US passed several important pieces of environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act which created the Environmental Protection Agency
Great Acceleration (1980-90's)
During what period of history was this: environmental legislation was rolled back and manufacturing jobs moved overseas to increase profits
This person was a sustainable urban farming & organic food; author The Good Food Revolution, founder Growing Power
This person started awareness of pesticide pollution, protecting birds, clean water; and was the author Silent Spring and children's books
This person brought Global Warming awareness; amd was the author and presenter of
An Inconvenient Truth
Julia "Butterfly" Hill
This person was an environmental activist/protester, protecting forests; preserved CA redwood forest, and was the author The Legacy of Luna
This person was a conservationist, sustainable agriculture & hunting, UW prof. Game Management; author A Sand County Almanac, and outlined Land Ethic philosophy
This person earned a Nobel Peace Prize for sustainable development that embraces democracy, human rights, and women's rights. She is most famous for starting the Greenbelt Movement, program for reforesting trees in Africa.
naturalist, environmental philosopher, preservation of wilderness; inspired protection of national parks (i.e. Yosemite & Yellowstone)
This person was an environmental politician, fought pollution; environmental legislation, and the founder of Earth Day
Henry David Thoreau
This person was a philosopher, naturalist, proponent of the "Simple Life"; and is the author Walden
This person was a explorer, naturalist, wilderness preservation; and he created US national parks & forest service
Native American Connections to the Environment
Nature as Family, Gratitude for Nature's Sacrifice, Take One-Leave One, 3 Sisters Garden, 7 Generations of Sustainability
Hmong American Connections to the Environment
Reincarnation, karma, superstitions, shamanism, agriculture, hunting, gathering, farmers markets, crafts
African American Connections to the Environment
Agriculture (crop rotation & urban ag), Urban living conditions, Activism
Latino American Connections to the Environment
Agriculture- silvopastorialism, crop rotation, cover crops, natural irrigation, crop diversity (corn)
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