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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Reactivity (of Behavior)
  2. Cultural Bias
  3. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  4. Projective Test
  5. Electrocardiogram
  1. a The phenomenon whereby behavior is changed by the very fact that it is being observed.
  2. b The degree to which assessment devices, such as intelligence tests, have content that is not representative and meaningful for individuals from various cultural backgrounds.
  3. c A projective test consisting of a set of black-and-white pictures reproduced on cards, each depicting a potentially emotion-laden situation. The examinee, presented with the cards one at a time, is instructed to make up a story about each situation.
  4. d A psychological assessment device employing a set of standard but vague stimuli on the assumption that unstructured material will allow unconscious motivations and fears to be uncovered. The Rorschach series of inkblots is an example.
  5. e A recording of the electrical activity of the heart, made with an electrocardiograph.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Computerized axial tomography, a method of diagnosis in which X-rays are taken from different angles and then analyzed by computer to produce a representation of the part of the body in cross section; often used on the brain.
  2. A recording of the minute electrical activity of the sweat glands on the skin, allowing the inference of an emotional state.
  3. A lengthy personality inventory by which individuals are diagnosed through their true-false replies to groups of statements indicating states such as anxiety, depression, masculinity-femininity, and paranoia.
  4. A form of behavioral assessment that entails careful observation of a person's overt behavior in a particular situation.
  5. In behavioral assessment, a procedure whereby the individual observes and reports certain aspects of his or her behavior, thoughts, or emotions.

5 True/False questions

  1. Videotape ReconstructionA technique for assessing a person's thoughts and feelings. It involves having the person recall his or her reactions while watching a videotape of a previous tim when they were engaged in a task.


  2. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)A technique for measuring the structure (or, in the case of functional magnetic resonance imaging, the activity) of the living brain. The person is placed inside a large circular magnet that causes hydrogen atoms to move; the return of the atoms to their original positions when the current to the magnet is turned off is translated by a computer into pictures of brain tissue.


  3. Alternate-Form ReliabilityThe relationship between the judgements that at least two raters make independently about a phenomenon.


  4. Internal Consistency ReliabilityThe degree to which different items of an assessment are related to one another.


  5. Criterion ValidityThe extent to which a measure is associated in an expected way with some other measure (the criterion).