5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Construct Validity
- Behavioral Observation
- a The extent to which a test, measurement, or classification system produces the same scientific observation each time it is applied.
- b A psychologist concerned with the relationships among cognition, affect, and behavior on the one hand, and brain function on the other.
- c The extent to which scores of rating on an assessment instrument rated to other variables or behaviors according to some theory or hypothesis.
- d A recording of the electrical activity of the heart, made with an electrocardiograph.
- e A form of behavioral assessment that entails careful observation of a person's overt behavior in a particular situation.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A standardized means of assessing a person's current mental ability; for example, the Standford-Binet test and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.
- A psychological assessment device employing a set of standard but vague stimuli on the assumption that unstructured material will allow unconscious motivations and fears to be uncovered. The Rorschach series of inkblots is an example.
- A projective test consisting of a set of black-and-white pictures reproduced on cards, each depicting a potentially emotion-laden situation. The examinee, presented with the cards one at a time, is instructed to make up a story about each situation.
- The extent to which a measure is associated in an expected way with some other measure (the criterion).
- The degree to which different items of an assessment are related to one another.
5 True/False questions
Alternate-Form Reliability → The relationship between the judgements that at least two raters make independently about a phenomenon.
Psychophysiology → The discipline concerned with the bodily changes that accompany psychological events.
Projective Hypothesis → The notion that highly unstructured stimuli, as in the Rorschach inkblot test, are necessary to bypass defences in order to reveal unconscious motives and conflicts.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) → A technique for measuring the structure (or, in the case of functional magnetic resonance imaging, the activity) of the living brain. The person is placed inside a large circular magnet that causes hydrogen atoms to move; the return of the atoms to their original positions when the current to the magnet is turned off is translated by a computer into pictures of brain tissue.
Standardization → The extent to which a test, measurement, or classification system produces the same scientific observation each time it is applied.