54 terms

geography exam 2

south Africa
is famous for diamonds
Victoria Falls
is located on the Zambezi river
The Harmattan
is a hot, dry wind that blows out of the interior of Africa
the Savanna Grasslands of Africa
have a long dry season
the highest rates of AIDS is in
southern Africa
sleeping sickness is caused by
the tsetse fly
the highlands in Ethiopia
were one of the centers of domestication of plants and animals in Sub Saharan Africa
is the major mineral export from Nigeria
is most noted for exports of copper
the Congo
is the major river system in Central Africa
the Niger
is the major river system in West Africa
The Okavango river system in southern Africa
drains into an inland delta
is the highest mountain on the African continent
About 20% percent of Africa
is still forested
is the largest island near Africa
The Republic of South Africa
has a Mediterranean climate.
The Great Rift Valley
is located in Eastern Africa
The Congo basin
hosts the second largest rainforest in the world
is mainly a plateau continent
is the process by which arid and semiarid lands become degraded and less productive, leading to more desertlike conditions
The causes of desertification
are seen as climate change, overgrazing, over-cultivation and unskilled irrigation
Benin and Nigeria
were once known as the "Slave Coast."
The Boers
were southern African colonists from the Netherlands.
was the first sub-Saharan African country to gain independence (1957
During the colonial period of Africa
Europeans were reluctant to move into the interior of Africa because of the fear of diseases for which they had no natural immunity
African women with more education
tend to have smaller families than those women with less education.
African countries have seen a steady decline
in the price for their raw materials exports over the last decades.
With a population of 1 billion
Africa is the second most populated continent (Asia is first).
The total population of Sub-Saharan Africa
is estimated to currently be 800 million
The Interior Lowlands
is a formerly glaciated landscape that contains fertile soils and an abundance of lakes and rivers
On the North American continent
the jet stream brings precipitation to most of the continent in the winter.
North America is the only region in the world
that contains the full range of climate types that occur globally, stretching from Alaska and the Canadian Arctic to the tropical Hawai'ian Islands.
The first inhabitants of North America probably originated in what is
today northern China and Siberia.
Columbus thought he had arrived in
The Far East; however, he actually had arrived in the Caribbean (Bahamas).
In both Canada and the U.S
Great Britain was far and away the most influential of the four colonial powers.
Although its inhabitants have diverse origins, North America is considered Europeanized because
of the predominance of European languages and Christianity
The first wave of immigration to North America (1820-1870)
was dominated by large numbers of Irish and German.
The second wave (1870-1920) of immigration
consisted of the "old" immigrants as well "new" immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. Italians and Poles were among the largest of the second wave.
The third wave (1970 - present)
differs from the previous two in that large numbers of immigrants have arrived from Asia and Latin America.
By 1990, Mexico
had become the largest source of immigrants to the U.S.
From 1860 to 1920, the predominant migration pattern within the U.S.
was rural to urban.
Canada separated from Great Britian
in 1867
Most Canadians live within
200 miles of the border with the U.S.
Compared to the United States, Canada's government
has been far more inclined to guarantee social welfare.
is the capital of Canada
Approximately half of current migrants to Canada
come from Asia
is the largest Canadian city on the Pacific coast.
Most Canadians
are of British ancestry
Over half of Canadian exports
go to the United States
About 25% of Canada's population
is of French ancestry
Canada's current population
is 44 million
Canada's oil deposits
are mostly located in Alberta
French is an official language
in Canada
The Monroe Doctrine
was a U.S. government policy stating that European military interference in the Western Hemisphere, including the Caribbean and Latin America, would no longer be acceptable.