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Group 1: Sections 14.1—14.3
Terms in this set (20)
Which of the following is NOT a function of the medulla oblongata?
receiving and interpreting visual stimuli
Which of the following structures do(es) NOT provide protection and shock absorption for the brain?
the carotid arteries and jugular veins
Which of the following is NOT a function of cerebrospinal fluid?
transporting oxygen to brain cells
What are the two parts of the brain that compose the diencephalon?
thalamus and hypothalamus
What are the structures that are elevated ridges, which increase surface area to increase the number of neurons in a specific area?
Which of the meninges is adhered to the surface of the brain and accompanies the branches of the blood vessels as they penetrate the surface of the brain?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the cerebrospinal fluid?
providing the blood-brain barrier
What is the sequence of the structures that make up the brain stem going from the diencephalon to the spinal cord?
midbrain, pons, and medulla
What are two structures that integrate the functioning of the nervous system and endocrine system?
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Which of the following provide(s) mechanical protection for the brain by cradling it?
the bones of the skull
Why is damage to the medulla potentially so harmful despite the fact that the medulla is the lowest part of the brainstem?
it contains vital autonomic reflex centers
The versatility of the brain to respond to stimuli is greater than that of the spinal cord because of __________.
the number of neurons and the complex interconnections among the neurons
Which part of the brainstem has a control center that makes you breathe?
Which of the following is NOT part of the brain stem?
The cardiovascular centers and the respiratory rhythmicity centers are located in the __________.
A buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cranial cavity can lead to __________.
-enlargement of the cranium in infants
-"water on the brain" or hydrocephaly
-compression of brain tissue and impairment of neural function
Neural tissue in the central nervous system (CNS) is isolated from the general circulation by the __________.
Excess cerebrospinal fluid is returned to venous circulation by __________.
diffusion across the arachnoid villi
Which of the meningeal membranes creates a space outside the brain where cerebrospinal fluid circulates?
Which of the following statements about a subdural hemorrhage is true?
a break in a vein may cause blood to flow to the meningeal layer of the dura mater and down to the arachnoid layer
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