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32 terms

Chapter 5 Review Study Guide- Ancient Rome

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Dictator
in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
Consul
in the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
Latins
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Etruscans
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Patricians
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Hannibal
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Legion
a military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback
Tribune
in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
Plebeians
in ancient rome, one of the common farmers artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population
Senator
in ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up of only aristocrats
Scipio
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Julius Caesar
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Paul
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Constantine
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Classical
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Aqueducts
a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas
Diocletian
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Pax Romana
a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 Bc. to A.D. 180
sculpture
the art form called bas-relief is a type of
french, spanish, Portuguese, italian, romanian
what is the family of languages that developed from Latin?
arch
the design of the aqueducts made a significant use of the architectural structure of the arch
united states, western europe
what regions of the world today are still strongly influenced by the achievements of rome
trade, agriculture, slaves
what was an important part of the Roman economy
fleeing from the Huns
why did germanic people invade the roman empire
Sicilly
what conflict of interest lay between Rome and Carthage
one was for army, one was for government
in the early Roman government, who were the consuls
empire was too large, wanted to make it easier to control
what was the emperor's purpose for dividing the Roman empire
inflation, military corruption, too large, not enough food
what were the reasons for the decline of the Roman Empirei
free born males could vote
under roman law, what rights did people have?
peaceful and prosperous
as a result of 207 years of Pax Romana, the roman empire was
with the people
where does the power of a republic rest
latins, greeks, etruscans
the major power struggles in the early roman republic were between which groups?