Terms in this set (27)

July 1, 1863- July 3, 1863
- Union: George Meade
-Lee
Civil War battle in Penn. that ended in Union victory, spelling doom for
the Confederacy, which never again managed to invade the North.
Site of General George Pickett's daring but doomed charge on the
Northern lines.Lee's Goals at the Battle of Gettysburg
1) Destroy Union Army in one big battle.
2) Threaten Washington DC into surrendering.
3) Get European recognition/aid.
*1st Day of Battle of Gettysburg
July 1st, 1863.
Buford's Union cavalry defends an important junction at Gettysburg
long enough for reinforcements to arrive.
*2nd Day of Battle of Gettysburg
July 2nd, 1863.
Union Army is positioned in a hook shape.
Rebels attack the ends of the hook at Culp's hill and Little Round Top.
Some progress was made by the Rebels at Devil's Den but Hood's
division cannot win on Little Round Top. ( Gen. Greene)
Colonel Chamberlain's 20th Maine regiment holds the Hill, gallant bayonet counterattack.
*Culp's Hill/Little Round Top
Rebels attack the ends (flanks) of the hook shape that the Union army
had been positioned in.
*3rd Day of Battle of Gettysburg
July 3rd, 1863.
Lee decides on a direct attack on enemy center on Cemetery Ridge with his last reserves.
Longstreet advises against the attack.
*Pickett's Charge:15,000 men cannot break the enemy center and the battle is lost for
Lee.

*Significance:
It shattered Lee's attempt at invasion to the North and placed the Confederacy into a permanent defensive posture. This is considered the turning point of the war along with the Battle of Vicksburg that happened shortly after. The South was on the run.
Nov 23 1863
-Union: Ulysses S. Grant
-Conf: Braxton Bragg
the battle would play a crucial part in who would win the Civil War, the battle stretched out from September 18th through November 25,1863, winning the battle opened up the doors for the Union forces to invade and head into the South where they could capture the city of Atlanta right before the elections that year, the leaders Grant and Thomas did not care for each other at all. It began on November 23, 1863, and when the fighting stopped, Union forces had driven Confederate
troops away from Chattanooga, Tennessee, into Georgia, setting the stage for Union General William T. Sherman's triumphant "March to the Sea" a year later.

*It was a strategic victory because of the town's steamboat port and railway station.

*Their fate changed in mid-October with the fresh leadership of Major General George Thomas. Shortly thereafter, Major General Joseph Hooker moved into the area with 20,000 Union soldiers. Union General Ulysses S. Grant followed. He ordered Union engineers to construct a pontoon bridge west of town, giving the army access to shipments of food and ammunitions once again. When General Sherman arrived with 17,000 more men in mid-November, the Union Army was ready to fight. On November 23, Thomas's troops overtook Confederates occupying Orchard Knob, between Chattanooga and the mountains. The next day, in what is known as the "battle above the clouds," Hooker drove his men on to victory at Lookout Mountain. Some of the bloodiest fighting took place there at Cravens House. On November 25, the last day of the battle, the Union Army crushed the Rebel line, forcing the Rebels to retreat further south into Georgia and, ultimately,
to their final defeat in the Civil War.

*Bragg was replaced soon after the Battle of Chattanooga; one of the reason that the Confederacy failed because Confederate was lead by an unpopular leader.
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