110 terms

APENGLISH Vocab Midterm

This goes for Scarlet Letter and the Crucible
STUDY
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inert
motionless; non-reactive
persecute
to oppress a race or group of people because of ethnicity or religion
potent
very strong, effective, or powerful; exerting persuasion, influence, or force
citadel
a fortress or strongly fortified building in or near a city, used as a place of refuge
vengeance
punishment that is inflicted in return for a wrong
apprehension
dread
contention
an opinion or claim stated in the course of an argument
formidable
difficult to deal with or overcome
conjure
to invoke supposed supernatural forces; to influence with spells
subservient
too eager to obey
pretense
insincere or feigned behavior
prodigious
great amount, size, or extent
faction
dissenting minority within a larger group
afflict
to cause severe mental or physical distress to somebody
trepidation
fear or uneasiness about the future or future event
reprimand
to rebuke somebody for a wrongdoing
condemnation
disapproval, criticism, denunciation
scoff
to express derision or scorn about somebody or something
falter
to lose confidence
poppet
Middle English - a doll or puppet
indignant
angry at unfairness
condemned
pronounced something or somebody as bad
dote
to show extreme fondness, or pay a lot of attention to someone
base
lacking morals
pious
religious; devout; holy or sacred; virtuous or moral
daft
lacking common sense, irrational
conviction
a firmly held belief or firmness of opinion
tainted
polluted, spoiled, or corrupted
calamity
a disastrous situation or event
lechery
lustful behavior, especially by a man, that is regarded as distasteful
vestry
a room in a church where meetings or classes are held
remorseless
without compassion; relentless
wrath
fury often marked by a desire for vengeance
contentious
causing or likely to cause disagreement and disputes between people with differing views
befuddled
confused or perplexed
qualm
a misgiving, doubt, or bad feeling
callously
in away that shows no concern if other people are hurt or upset
contemplation
long and attentive consideration or observation of something
afflicted
distressed
dumbfounded
temporarily speechless with astonishment
slovenly
not concerned about conventional standards of personal hygiene and tidiness
transfixed
made immobile from shock
befouled
dirty or impure
quail
to show fear or apprehension
denounce
to express harsh criticism or condemnation of something or somebody, usually in public
rile
to irritate somebody enough that it provokes anger
gaunt
thin and bony in appearance
providence
the wisdom, care, and guidance believed to be provided by God; good judgment and foresight in the management of affairs or resources
summon
to call into court; to send for somebody
gibbet
a hanging post
excommunication
exclusion from the Christian community
quavering
trembling
beguile
to charm, deceive, or cheat
floundering
hesitating in confusion
reprieve
the postponement of a punishment; to stop or postpone a punishment
retaliation
deliberate harm against somebody in response or revenge for a harm done
statute
law enacted by legislature or an established rule
adamant
very determined and not influenced by appeals to reconsider
belie
to disguise the true nature of something
penitence
regret for sin
throng
a great number of persons crowed together
edifice
a large, usually impressive building
utopia
a place or state of political or social perfection
allot
to divide or distribute in shares
seasonable
timely or opportune
sepulchres
a burial vault built of rock or stone
ponderous
weighty or clumsy
congenial
pleasant, friendly
inauspicious
not prosperous
portal
a doorway of imposing appearance
physiognomies
the facial features held to show qualities of mind of character by their configuration or expression
augured
foretold
betokened
given evidence of
tribunal
a court or forum of justice
inference
the act of passing from one proposition, statement, or judgment considered as true to another whose truth is believed to follow from that of the former
indubitably
unquestionably
antinomian
one who rejects a socially established morality
heterodox
holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines
scourged
to subject to severe criticism or satire
firewater
strong alcoholic beverage
magistrate
a local official exercising administrative and often judicial functions
gallows
the punishment of hanging
venerable
made scared especially by religious or historical association
meagre
lacking desirable qualities; meager
transgressor
violator
scaffold
a platform on which a criminal is executed
infamy
evil reputation brought about by something grossly criminal, shocking, or brutal
impropriety
the qualities or state of being improper
farthingale
a support worn in the 16ht century beneath a skirt to expand it at the hip line
fibre
basic toughness
rotundity
rounded
behoof
advantage, profit
malefactresses
a person who violates the law or does evil
trow
believe
autumnal
a period or maturity or incipient decline
baggage
a worthless or contemptible woman; prostitute
heathenish
barbarous
beadle
a minor parish official whose duties include ushering and preserving order at service and sometimes civil function
abashed
to destroy the self-confidence of
sumptuary
designed to regulate habits on moral or religious grounds
gentility
the members of the upper class
evanescent
tending to vanish like vapor
ignominy
disgraceful or dishonorable conduct, quality, or action
brazen
marked by contemptuous boldness
hussy
a saucy or mischievous girl
meridian
midday; noon
iniquity
wickedness
visage
appearance
spurn
stumble
pillory
a means to expose one to public scorn and humility
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