How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

145 terms

NWEA Vocabulary Words

NWEA assessment vocabulary for reading and language usage
STUDY
PLAY
Literary Element
Includes all the elements in a story: plot, rising action, falling action, problem, solution, setting, etc.
Memorandum
A written proposal or reminder
Narrate
To tell a story.
Parable
A short moral story (often with animal characters)
Persuasive
Tending or intended or having the power to induce action or belief
Primary Source Historical Document
Something written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event
Document
Writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
Pun
A "play on words" based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things
Quote
A passage or expression that is quoted or cited
Reference
The act of referring or consulting
Scene
A situation treated as an observable object
Secondary Source
Review summarizes or discusses research conducted by others. Not first hand data. Scholarly books
Word Play
Playing on words or speech sounds
Allusion
A reference in a work of literate to a character, place, or situation from history or from another work of literature, music, or art.
Characterization
A graphic or vivid verbal description
Extended Metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a
description.
Homophone -
Two words are homophones if they are pronounced the same way but differ in meaning or spelling or both (e.g. bare and
bear)
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
Archetype
An original model on which something is patterned
Iambic Pentameter
A metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line. (an iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one
unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.)
Omniscient
All-knowing
Paradox
A situation or statement that seems to be impossible or contradicting, but is nevertheless true, either literally or
figuratively
Pathetic Fallacy
The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a
cruel wind.
Sonnet
A verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Stereotype
A distorted, exaggerated, or oversimplified image applied to a category of people
Symbolism
The practice of investing things with symbolic meaning, The use of words, places, people, or objects to mean something beyond their literal meaning.
Symbolize
Represent or identify by using a symbol
Third Person
Narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he or she
Antithesis
Exact opposite
Metonymy
Substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Scansion
The analysis of a poem's meter. This is usually done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
and then based on the pattern of the stresses dividing the line into feet.
Synecdoche
Substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
Advertisement
Public notice or announcement
Business letter
A form of communication used to convey a formal message to one or more parties on behalf of a business
Ending sound
The sound made at the end of a word
Journal
A daily, or periodic, account of events and the writer's thoughts and feelings about those events.
List
To write down information in an organized way
Opposite
Radically different or contrary in action or movement.
Outline
A line showing the outside edge of an object or figure. A short list or plan that gives the main ideas of a longer report.
Rule
An instruction telling what must or must not be done
Short story
Focuses on only one conflict, has a single plot, a single setting, a small number of characters, and covers a short period of time; meant to be read in one sitting.
Thank you note
A note of gratitude for what was received
Title
A word or phrase that describes the contents of a document or object or person
Chapter
A subdivision of a written work
Cookbook
A book of favorite recipes and instructions on cooking
Describe
To explain with details
Dictionary
A book that lists words in alphabetical order and gives their meanings, pronunciations, and etc.
Folk tale
A story passed down from person to person by word of mouth
Index
An alphabetical listing of key words, phrases, or topics that includes the page numbers on which those items are found within a publication
Note
Observe or notice
Nursery rhyme
A tale in rhymed verse for children
Personal narrative
Story that illustrates a specific time or incident in a life
Problem
Any situation in which you are trying to reach some goal and must find a means to do so.
Sign
An event that is experienced as indicating important things to come
Table of Contents
Found in the beginning of a book, it lists what is in the book and the page numbers of chapters.
Title page
A page of a book displaying the title and author and publisher
Word family
Group of words with the same root
Main idea
Central thought or message
Announcement
Something written or spoken that tells important news
Instructions
Steps or rules to be followed
Main character
The main person in a story
Make believe
To pretend; imagine
Newspaper
A daily or weekly publication of current events.
Nonfiction
Writing that deals with real people, things, events and places., A true story
Word root
The part of the word that contains its basic meaning
Assonance
Repeated vowel sounds
British Literature
Books, plays, etc. that are considered very good from Great Britain
Characterize
To describe the character and qualities of someone or something
Conflict
A struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions, the problem in the story
Coupon
Piece of paper giving a discount
Debate
Discuss the pros and cons of an issue
Headline
Main title of the story;grabs reader's attention and gives and idea of what the story is about
Instruction
How to do something
Order of Events
Arrangement of events according to a particular sequence or method
Persuasive
Writing includes a clear position, evidence and counterargument with a rebuttal, to influence someone to believe what you want them to believe
Present tense
Used to describe situations that exist in the present time
Research paper
Academic writing used to synthesize others' ideas to support or contradict one's own
Speech
The communication or expression of thoughts in spoken words
Tale
A short narrative, usually lacking in detail, with unrealistic and sometimes fantastic characters and events. the term tale has connotations of timeless folklore.
Thesis paper
A piece of writing that defends and proves a position made by the writer
World Literature
Writing that is from countries other than your own
Appendix
A section at the back of a book that gives additional information
Contrast
To tell how things are different
Guide Letters
Samples of different types of letters (business, reference, personal) to help you write correctly
Resolve
To make a firm promise to oneself; to solve; a fixed purpose or intention
Suspense
The element of plot that makes the reader want to read on to find out what happens
Contradict
To deny or go against a viewpoint
First person
A narrator who is a character in the story and tells the tale from his or her point of view.
Metric feet
The basic rhythmic structure of a verse
Second person
Told from the reader's point of view, using "you"
Standard English
The common American language, words and grammatical forms that are used and expected in school, business, and other sites.
Supporting details
Facts and ideas that prove or explain the main idea of a paragraph.
Viewpoint
The way someone sees something
Point of view
"Eyes" through which the story is told
Schedule
A plan that gives expected times for different things to happen.
Textbook
A book used in the study of a subject
Advertise
To give information to the public about
Almanac
A reference book with facts and figures
American Literature
Short stories, novels, plays, and poems written by authors from the United States
Argue
To state the reasons for or against; to contend in oral disagreement;
Book review
An article describing and judging a new book
Brochure
Used to provide information, educate or advertise a specific topic or product; more long-term in nature than that of a flyer
Category
A group of people or things having something in common
Characteristics
Features that identify something or someone
Conclusion
The final event of a story's plot, A judgment based on the information obtained
Conversation
An exchange of ideas between two or more people
Description
The kinds of writing that creates a clear image of something, usually by using details that appeal to one or more of our senses.
Diary
A personal, daily account of an individual's experiences and feelings
Drama
A type of literature which is meant to be preformed
Entertain
To interest and amuse
Fact and opinion
A fact can be proved; an opinion is a belief and can not be supported by proof or evidence
Fiction
A story that is not true or is made up
Glossary
A place in the back of the book that gives the definitions or tell the meaning of certain words in the book.
Graphic Organizer
A visual aid to help organize information
Guide words
These words are located at the top of a book and help you locate information faster
Historical Fiction
Real events, places, or people are incorporated into a fictional or imaginative story
Inform
To tell, give the facts
Labels
Identifying or classifying an individual or group as like or unlike others
Literature
Novels, plays, short stories, essays, and poems that have lasting value or interest
Magazine
A type of thin book with large pages and a paper cover which contains articles and photographs and is published every week or month
Main point
The most important fact, idea, or opinion
Manual
A handbook; a book of directions
Moral
Having to do with what is right and wrong; being good and just, the lesson taught by a story or experience
Myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Narrator
The person telling the story
News
Information about something that has happened recently
Novel
A long fictional story which uses all the elements of storytelling (plot, character, setting, point of view, theme).
Persuasion
A type of speaking or writing that is intended to make its audience adopt a certain opinion
Picture book
A book consisting chiefly of pictures
Policy
A plan of action
Recipe
A set of instructions for making something
Reference Book
A book that provides facts, definitions, data, or summary of a topic. (examples: indexes, dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, bibliographies, concordances, handbooks, manuals, etc.)
Reference Material
Text containing facts and information, items that you can look at to find information: thesaurus, dictionary, internet
Reports
Set of statements intended to provide information
Resolution
Solution to a problem, The ending to the story that states the final outcome of the conflict and/or what might lie ahead for the characters in the story.
Resource
Something that you can use to help achieve a goal
Rhythm
The pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language
Speaker
The "voice" used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem
Summarize
To describe the main idea and important details of a passage using your own words
Thesaurus
A book which lists words with the same meaning
Topic
What the story or writing is about
Topic sentence
The main idea of the paragraph
Vocabulary
A group of words that a person knows or should know
Editorial
An article giving opinions or perspectives
Middle sound
The phonetic sound found in the middle of a word