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Terms in this set (33)
Just happened,Very sudden,ex. Fracture, strain/sprain, etc.
Chronic or overuse injury
Gradually occurs, repeated micro trauma, ex. tendonitis, bursitis, etc.
Direct result of a stress from a particular activity; may be acute or chronic
Result of a primary injury that was not treated properly; joint weakness; chronic swelling
open wounds that disrupt the continuity of the skin
Scraping or rubbing a portion of the skin away; caused by friction; bleeding is limited; primary concern is infection; ex. rugburn, turf burn, rasberries
Jagged wound; there is a lot of bleeding; if you can see over 1/8" deep, stitches are needed.
Straight wound edges; cut by sharp object; bleeds a lot; Refer to physician if you cannot control the bleeding, cut by something metal or rusty, or is greater than 1/8" deep or 1/2" long
Some portion of the skin is torn away; lots of bleeding
Penetrated by sharp object; limited bleeding on surface
Caused by friction; Skin layers separate from each other and fluid fills in
Caused by a direct blow; Blood vessels break under skin and leak into the dermis;ecchymosis="black and blue"
stretch or tear of muscle or tendon; Can be caused by an over stretch of muscle or a violent
Athletes usually feel tightening sensation or maybe a pull and pop
First Degree Strain
Stretch or pull of a muscle or tendon; Mild Pain and discomfort; Normal Strength and very slight weakness; Close to normal range of motion ; Minimal edema(Swelling)
Second Degree Strain
Partial Tear of the muscle or tendon; Most common; Moderate to severe edema(swelling); Decrease in range of motion; Muscle feels warm(calor); Might feel or see a gap in the muscle; pain on all movemnts
Third Degree Strain
Complete rupture of the tendon or muscle; Severe weakness, severe edema, severe pain; Loss of function; Ecchymosis
Stretch or tear in the ligament or joint capsule
First degree sprain
A stretch or pull of the ligament
Second Degree sprain
A partial tear of the ligament
Third degree sprain
A complete rupture of he ligament
displacement of articulating surface of a joint;Mechanism(How it happens); Associated with sprains
Pops out then goes back in
one in which someone has to put it back in.
Disruption in the continuity of the bone
Open wound along with fracture
piece of bone is torn away;common with ankle sprains
Crushing force along bone; A shattered bone
Caused by a twisting force; Fracture looks like a helix; Common in skiers due to their door locked in their boot.
When the fracture is pressed downwards; Most common in the skull
Bending force along the bone; Common in young children; One side is broken and the other side is bent
When the bone breaks and the fractured ends jam into one another.
Diagonal fracture through bone
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