Physical Therapy and Rehabilitative Medicine
Terms in this set (20)
Involves the loss, absence or impairment
of physical or mental functioning.
lasts for a limited time
lasts for an extended time
Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
Activities human beings perform to remain
independent as they function in society.
Is the process of returning the patient to the highest level of physical, psychological, social and economic functioning possible in light of an acute or chronic disability.
Bodily movement to correct impairment, improve
musculoskeletal functioning or maintain a state of
Range of Motion
refers to activity aimed at improving movement of a specific joint.
three types of range of motion exercises
passive, active, and active assists.
the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues of the body for the purpose of normalizing those tissues and consists of manual techniques that include applying fixed or movable pressure, holding, and/or causing movement of or to the body.
the use of electrical stimulation
for therapeutic purposes.
the three therapeutic purposes of electrotherapy
to relieve pain, to stimulate physiochemical changes and to stimulate muscle contraction.
is the generation of heat by a
controlled high frequency electric current
passed through a part of the body.
a common option in heat therapy treatments for people with arthritis or other rheumatic diseases
is the use of water (hot, cold, steam, or ice) to relieve discomfort and promote physical well-being.
generates high-frequency sound waves that are transferred to a specific body area via a round-headed probe.
Purpose of Hydrotherapy
soothe sore or inflamed muscles and joints, rehabilitate injured limbs, lower fevers, soothe headaches, promote relaxation, treat burns and frostbite, ease labor pains, and clear up skin problems.
purpose of heat therapy
when heat is applied, the blood vessels dilate
(expand) and circulation is increased, improving
metabolism and oxygen supply to the area. Heat
alleviates pain from muscle spasms and in affected
purpose of cold therapy
constricts the blood vessels and slow
circulation, reducing resorption of fluid into
tissues and thereby preventing edema and