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Arts and Humanities
Religion Chapter 3 Test- Boudreaux
Any that say "idk" i will ask mrs boudreaux about on monday or tuesday
Terms in this set (70)
What is Hope?
One of the theological virtues. Allows us to believe the impossible and helps us make a difference
What are the two things you have to take into account when trying to understand the gospels correctly?
-The Old Testament
-The literary Culture and Historical Culture
The 4 Gospels together show what?
The most complete picture of the saving deeds of Jesus, beginning with his brith and culminating in his passion, death, and resurrection
Who was Matthew?
He was a Jewish tax collector, and people saw him as a traitor for working with the government.
When did Matthew write his gospel?
Around 80-85 A.D.
Why did Matthew write his Gospel?
He put the saying and teachings of Jesus in order, and he wanted to show people the Kingdom of God.
Who was the audience Matthew was writing towards?
How does Matthew's gospel start?
With a Genealogy
Who was Mark?
he was Peter's translator
When did Mark write his Gospel?
In the Mid 60s A.D.
why did Mark write his Gospel?
Because Christians were being persecuted
Who was the audience that Mark was writing towards?
How does Mark's gospel start?
Who was Luke?
A disciple of Paul
When did Luke write his Gospel?
Why did Luke write his gospel?
Who was the audience that Luke was writing towards?
poor Gentile Christians
How does Luke's gospel start?
What does Theophilus mean
friend of god
Who was john?
Beloved disciple who took care of Mary
When did John write his Gospel?
why did John write his Gospel?
So readers would believe the Jesus is the Son of God so that they would have life in his name
What audience was John writing to?
Readers who have knowledge of the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke)
How does John's gospel start?
The prologue (creation redux)
Which Gospel is known as the Catechetical Gospel?
Which Gospel is known as the Suffering Jesus Gospel?
Which Gospel is known as the God's Mercy gospel?
Which gospel is known as the Mystical
What is the structure of Matthew's Gospel? What does the narration prepare you for?
-pattern of deeds/action (narration) and words/teachings (big speech by Jesus)
-Narration prepares you for the teaching by Christ and the teaching explains what was happening in the narration.
How many Discourses are in Matthew's Gospel? What does this represent?
There are 5. idk what it represents i will ask mrs boudreaux
What is the center of Matthew's Gospel?
the kingdom of God
What is the central theme of Mark's Gospel?
The cost of discipleship
Who did Mark follow? How do we know this?
-John mark was Peter's translator and writing down Peter's testimony to the people in Rome.
-Uses Greek Historiography to name his witness in his Gospel
Who did Luke follow? What is known as his Part 2 Gospel?
-Acts of the Apostles
List the 5 Major Concerns that Luke addresses in his Gospel.
- Showing Jesus as the fulfillment of Israel's story
- Inclusion of the Gentiles
- mercy and Judgment
- Crucifying discipleship centering on Jesus
- Pattern of discipleship enabled by the Holy Spirit
Who took care of the Virgin Mary after Jesus died?
List the similarities between Matthew and Luke's Infancy Narratives (there are six). (Possible Short
-Use of infancy narratives to highlight Jesus' identity
-Angel foretold Jesus' birth
-Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, as was prophesied
-His foster father, Joseph, a descendant of David, making Jesus a true Son of David
-Jesus born in Bethlehem, as prophesied in Micah 5:1
-Emmanuel: means "God is with us"
What does Emmanuel mean?
God is with us
Which stories are unique to Matthew's Infancy Narrative (there are 6)?
-Begins with the genealogy
-Visit of the Magi
-Flight into Egypt and Massacre of the Infants
-Return to Nazareth
-Comes from Joseph's perspective
-Matthew shows how Jesus's birth fulfills OT prophecies
Which stories are unique to Luke's Infancy narrative (there are 8)?
-Announcement of John the Baptist's birth
-Mary visits Elizabeth
-Birth of John the Baptist
-Presentation in the temple
-Finding Jesus in the temple
-Comes from Mary's perspective
- visit of the shepherds
Which Infancy Narratives are from Joseph's perspective? Mary's perspective?
Which 4 Old Testament prophecies does Matthew show how Jesus fulfills? (Possible Short
-Jesus's birth is the result of divine action, the power of the Holy Spirit (Jesus is both fully divine and fully human)
-Jesus is born in Bethlehem
-Jesus and his parents were called to Egypt
-Slaughter of the Infants
Who foreshadowed St. Joseph in the New Testament?
-OT: Joseph son of Jacob was a famous interpreter of dreams and saved his family from famine in Egypt
-This foreshadows the actions of Joseph with Mary and Jesus
Why is Joseph important in the story of Jesus' birth?
-Joseph is Jesus's adopted father; Jesus is "legally a descendant of King David"
-If Joseph had told people that Mary was pregnant without being married, she would've gotten stoned and Jesus would have never been born.
What is the Epiphany and when is it?
-Epiphany: the feast that celebrates the mystery of Christ's manifestation as Savior of the World.
What is the significance of the Magi coming to visit Jesus?
The visit of the Magi represents the Lord's willingness to accept Gentiles among those who worship him.
Which stories portray Jesus as the "New Moses"?
?Idk. Will ask mrs boudreaux.
Which angel delivered the message to both Mary and Zechariah? How was Zechariah's
experience/response different from Mary's? What happens because of Zechariah's response?
-Zechariah expresses doubt-- struck speechless for lack of faith
-Mary gets an answer/ not struck mute because she believes in the possibility of it occurring.
Who is John the Baptist? What is he portrayed as?
-John the Baptist was a bridge person between OT and NT
-John portrayed as a New Elijah, announcing the coming of the promised Messiah.
How far apart are Jesus and John the
What is the canticle of Mary? Zechariah? Who's song does it mimic?
-Canticle of Mary: Magnificat
Canticle of Zechariah: Benedictus
-Both canticles that Zechariah and Mary respond with mimick "the song of Hannah" in 1 Samuel
What happened in the Annunciation?
the angel Gabriel told Mary she would conceive the Son of the Most High by the holy Spirit, which she humbly accepted.
What happened in the Birth of Jesus? (five major themes)
-Jesus is born in the birthplace of David yet in humble circumstance and surrounded by humble people, like shepherds
-Conveys Luke's theme of Jesus' mission to the lowly and outcast
-Bethlehem is the birthplace of Jesus
-Jesus' clothing emphasizes his humility and poverty and his royalty since Solomon, David's son, was wrapped in swaddling clothes
-Mary kept all things in her heart-- a model to Christians on how to pray.
What happened in Jesus' circumcision? (three major themes)
-It was a sign of Jesus' incorporation into Judaism
-Prefigures Jesus' lifelong submission to the Law and his willingness to worship in the faith of his ancestors
What happened in the presentation in the temple? (four major themes)
-Rite of purification as specified by the Mosaic Law
-Parents offered turtledoves, which is a sign of their poverty
-At this event the prophets Simeon and Anna recognized Jesus' as the expected Messiah
-Predicts the sacrifice of Jesus
What happens in the finding in the temple? (three major themes)
-Prefigured when Jesus would return to the temple as an adult and confound the learned scribes and rabbis
-Obedience to his parents which makes up for Adam's disobedience
-Focus on temple is another was Luke bridges OT to NT
Why is John's Prologue so important? What does it resemble?
-The Prologue teaches that the Word (from Greek word: "logos") was not only with God, but was God.
-Resembles Genesis 1.
What is the Incarnation?
When Jesus took on Human flesh.
What is a Dogma?
A central truth about Revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe
What does Ascetic mean?
Ascetic: a form of strict self-denial as a means of spiritual discipline
List the 4 purposes of the Incarnation. (Possible Short Answer)
-To save us by reconciling us with God
-So we might know God's love
-To provide a model of holiness for us
-To make us "partakers of divine nature"
Who killed John the Baptist? Where did John the Baptist preach?
-Died by King Herod (jr.) (Mark 6:17-29)
-Preached in Jordan region
How are the 3 persons of the Trinity seen in Jesus' Baptism story?
-Father: the Voice
Which 3 things occur during the Baptism of Jesus? Why is it important for Jesus to be
-Holy Spirit Appears as a Dove
-Voice of God is Heard
-Jesus' submission to baptism by John symbolizes his identifying himself with us in our spiritual need and his acceptance of his role as the Suffering Servant.
What are the theological truths that are seen in Jesus' Baptism?
-Shows Jesus' perfect submission to the Father's will
-Foreshadows Jesus' death for the remission of our sins
-Serves as a model to our own baptism
Describe the 3 temptations of Jesus and how they correlate to the temptations we face today.
How does this recapitulate the 3 temptations of the Fall? (Possible Essay)
#1: Satan tempts Jesus to turn stones into bread (Instant gratification/easy fix) (Adam: good for food)
#2: to throw himself down from the Temple (putting God to the test) (Adam: weight to the eyes)
#3: to worship Satan in exchange for all the kingdoms of the world (Instant worldly fame & power) (Adam: desirable to make one wise)
What does recapitulate mean?
Jesus overcame these temptations because he was fully what?
What is the central theme of Jesus' preaching?
The coming of the kingdom of God
Can we earn the Kingdom of God? How do we gain entrance?
-it is a free gift that cannot be earned
-To gain entrance we must:
--repent for our sins
--believe in Christ
--respond to others in love.
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