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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (53)
In 1939, the nations known as the Allied Powers were
December 8, 1941 which country joined the Allied powers?
The United States
What event caused the USA to join the Allies?
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan on December 7, 1941.
When the USA declared war on Japan, who declared war on the USA?
In 1939, the nations who were part of the Axis powers were
Germany, Italy and Japan
In 1944 the nations who were part of the Axis powers were
Germany and Japan, Italy surrendered and joined the Allies.
World War II began on September 1, 1939 when
Germany invaded Poland even though Hitler promised he would not invade Poland
Prior to September 1, 1939, the countries of the world had appeased Hitler by
Allowing him to take over countries in Europe with the understanding that he would stop.
The Battle of Britain describes
the battle between the British and German air forces for air supremacy over Europe
To pay for the war, the U. S government
raised taxes and sold war bonds
The War Production Board was in charge of
converting factories to war production. Automobile factories began manufacturing tanks and jeeps
As men left the workforce to join the armed forces,
women replaced them in the factories and business offices (Rosie the Riveter)
Who was Winston Churchill?
Prime Minister of Great Britain
Who was Hideki Tojo?
Prime Minister of Japan
Who was Franklin Roosevelt?
President of the US until April 1945
Who was Joseph Stalin?
Leader of Russia (Soviet Untion)
Who was Bonito Mussolini?
dictator of Italy
Who was Harry Truman?
President of the United States when Roosevelt died. He made the decision to drop the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Who was General Dwight Eisenhower?
General in charge of the invasion of Normandy France on D-Day (Operation Overlord) He was elected President of the USA after Truman
Who was General Douglas McArthur?
Leader of the US forces in the Pacific theatre
Who was General George Patton?
Great US general who lead troops in central Europe
Japan formally surrendered to the US on September 2, 1945,
days after the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki
Under internment, the U. S government removed most Japanese Americans from the West Coast and
transported them to internment camps throughout the western US.
When the US government removed the Japanese, they
forced them to give up their homes and businesses. They later paid them 20,000 for their losses
Jews arriving at Nazi death camps across Europe were sent to
work as slave laborer in camp factories or gas chambers for execution.
The purpose of Operation Overlord (invasion of Normandy) was to
launch an Allied invasion of German-occupied France and begin reclaiming Europe from the Nazis
Allied troops advanced toward Japan using the strategy of
island hopping. They captured each island in the Pacific that Japan occupied in order to get to Japan.
Germany and Russia both invaded
Poland in 1939. Germany had signed a non-aggression agreement with Russia. Russia agreed not to attack Germany when they invaded Poland in exchange for Russia being able to invade Poland from the east. Germany and Russia would divide Poland. This worked until Germany decided to invade Russia for the natural resources.
Of the nearly 16 million Americans who served in the military during World War II, about
1 million were African Americans who were not allowed to serve in combat positions until near the end of the war. The significant role the African Americans played in World War II did not stop discrimination against them.
During the Holocaust the Nazi's killed
6 million Jews and 5 million gypsies and other "undesirables"
What were the causes of World War II?
World wide economic depression, the failure of the Treaty of Versailles, high inflation and massive unemployment
A political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied is
The United States aided the Allies and China during World War II before they entered the war by
enacting the lend-lease program. They loaned or leased armaments and war supplies to the Allies and China on a cash and carry basis. The US remained neutral from1939 until December 1941
The powerful secret weapon known as the Manhattan Project that the U. S. developed during World War II was
the atomic bomb which was dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
Anti-Semitism and Aryan Supremacy are words that describe
the attitude of the Nazis toward humankind. They felt that Semantic people or Jews were inferior and the Aryan Race or white, blonde hair and blue-eyed people were superior.
The Nazi's mistreated the Jewish population in Europe by
boycotting their businesses and eventually closing their businesses, threatening their lives, discriminating against them and segregating them from society. The Final Solution eventual led to the murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million other people.
The three theatres of war were the
European Theatre. Pacific Theatre. North Africa Theatre
What were the technological advances that were developed in World War II?
DDT a pesticide used to kill mosquitoes, nylon used to replace silk to make parachutes, Penicillin an antibiotic was used to prevent infections and save lives, Spam, a canned meat was used to feed soldiers, radar, atomic bomb, computers
Most Americans responded to Hilter's invasion of Poland in 1939 and the declaration of war in Europe by
wanting to remain neutral, staying out of the war and not reliving the horrors of World War
In 1945, the war ended. What was the sequence of significant events?
Hitler committed suicide, the United States dropped two atomic bombs, Japan surrendered
Which famous battle fought on Russian soil halted the German advance in WWII and was the turning point for the war in Eastern Europe?
The largest amphibious invasion in the history of the world which was the turning point of the war in western Europe when the Allies began the assault on Germany that eventually reclaimed Europe was the
invasion of Normandy also known as D-Day and Operation Overlord.
The turning point of the war in the Pacific when the Americans began defeating the Japanese was the
Battle of Midway
President Truman defended his decision to drop the A-bomb by arguing that it would
avoid huge U.S. troop casualties and shorten the war
The primary motive of all the Axis powers for conquering territories and establishing an empire was to gain land that
was rich in natural resources, especially fossil fuels
The people at home did their part by
rationing gas; rationing sugar and meat; recycling fats and metals; women went to work in the factories; growing victory gardens; buying war bonds.
Geography played a major role in WW II for example:
The USA was never invaded because it was an ocean away, Great Britain's location on an island prevented the Nazi's from successfully invading the country by land, the flat cold plains in Russia helped to defeat the Germans at Stalingrad, Japan's location on an island made it difficult to invade. The countries of Switzerland and Spain remained neutral due to mountain ranges.
The United States lost many ships in the pacific due to
Japanese Kamikaze pilots (suicide bombers) directly hitting the ships by piloting their planes into the ships.
. World War II was the first war that was fought in the air. Examples of how air power was used is in
the Battle of Britain, the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, the Enola Gay dropping the atomic bomb
The United States was the main Allied power that fought
Japan in the Pacific. The Japanese mistreated US prisoners by starvation and torture.
The US was in World War II from
December 1941 until August 1945
More Jews were exterminated in
Poland than any other country in Europe
World War II cost more lives than any war in history a total of
59,5 million people died (8.7 million were military personnel, 40.8 million were civilians (11 million killed during the Holocaust Russia(USSR) lost 25.5 million, China lost 11.3 million, Germany lost 7 million, Poland lost 6.8 million, USA lost 300,000.)
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