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Terms in this set (16)
Changed the focus of the 30 years war from religion to politics, Prime Minister of France who
helped defeat the Hapsburgs, strengthening France's power.
Ignatius of Loyola
Catholic who established the Society of Jesus, aka the Jesuits, well-educated missionaries to
spread Catholicism in Europe and the Colonies.
King Henry VIII
Appropriated (seized) Catholic Church lands after he dismissed the Pope's authority to divorce
Catherine of Aragon in pursuit of a male heir, starting the Protestant Reformation in England by
establishing the new Anglican Church, making himself head of his new religion.
Developed the printing press, spreading the ideas of the Renaissance and Reformation.
Early church reformer In England, stressed Bible as the supreme authority, not the pope,
translated Bible into English, declared a Heretic after he died.
Re-Established Anglican Church as National Church of the British Isles, commissioned 39 Articles to set-up the Anglican Church, Defeated the Spanish Armada, Believed in Religious Tolerance.
Dutch humanist who attacked the abuses of the Catholic Church in his book, In Praise of Folly
Issued the Edict of Nantes in France, granting freedom of worship to the Huguenots
German monk, preached Salvation by Faith Alone, started the Protestant Reformation with his
95 Theses, founder of the Lutheran religion
Protestant who set- up a theocracy in Switzerland, believes in Predestination, founder of the
Calvinist Religion, believed Faith is revealed through a righteous life/work ethic.
Queen of England who tried to reverse the Reformation in England by re-establishing
Catholicism and executing hundreds of Protestants as heretics.
French King who Revoked (abolished) the Edict of Nantes
Early church reformer In Bohemia (Czech Republic), stressed Bible as the supreme authority,
not the pope, translated Bible into Czech, declared a Heretic and burned at the stake.
The Ruling family of many European countries, especially the Holy Roman Empire, who
supported the Roman Catholic Church, ultimately beginning and losing the Thirty Years War to France and their Protestant allies.
The Hapsburg Leader of the Holy Roman Emperor during the Protestant Reformation who ruled
the largest collection of European lands, and was for a time, the most powerful man of Europe.
He attempted to unite Europe under a Catholic empire.
Sir Francis Drake
English "Sea Dog" Pirate who defeated the Spanish Armada and circumnavigated the globe,
under Elizabeth I's rule.
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