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12 terms

Heat Transfer Vocabulary

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Temperature
a measure of the average motion of matter; the faster the movement, __________increases. The slower the motion, __________ decreases.
Thermometer
an instrument that measures temperature
Heat
The transfer of thermal energy from a hotter object to a cooler one.
Radiation
The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
Conduction
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that is touching.
Convection
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid (liquid or gas).
Convection Current
The upward movement of warm air and the downward movement of cold air in a circular pattern
Greenehouse Effect
The natural heating process of a planet, by which gasses in the atmosphere trap thermal energy
Greenhouse Gas
Any gas that traps heat from escaping int space
Global Warming
A rise in average global temperature
Fossil Fuel
Any fuel creeated by prehistoric life (coal, oil, natural gas)
Carbon Footprint
The amount of carbon dioxide one person, family, or institution releases into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels.