1-8 Cav Promotion Board Study Guide
Terms in this set (164)
It is the ability by threat, force, or occupation to gain, sustain, and exploit control over land resources, and people.
What is land power?
Prevent-Conflict by becoming a credible force
Shape- The international environment to enable our partners and contain our enemies.
Win-Decisively, must be able to attack and defend successfully against enemy ground forces.
What are the three strategies/roles of the army vision?
It shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained combat incident to operations on land.
What is the Army's mission?
Assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something
The Army is a profession built on trust. Define Trust?
What are 4 fields of professional knowledge?
Combined arms, not just combinations of army capabilities, but the full array of joint capabilities.
The lethality of the battlefield demands mastery of?
Combined arms maneuver
Wide area security
What are the Core Competencies?
Support security cooperation
Tailor forces for the combatant commander
Conduct entry operations
Provide flexible mission command
Support joint and Army Forces
Support domestic civil authorities
Mobilize and integrate the Reserve components
What are the Enabling Competencies?
Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.
Red-Brown - The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
Blue - Identifies hydrographic or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
Brown - Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
Other - Occasionally other colors may be used to show special
information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.
What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?
Figures used to represent types of military organizations, installations, and activities
What are military symbols?
Lower left margin
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
What are contour lines?
What are 3 types of contour lines?
How many Mils are in one Degree?
o True north
o Magnetic north
o Grid north
How many North's are there on a military map?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
What is Self-Aid?
Tent poles and stakes
Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on the human body?
To stop bleeding
What is the object of first aid?
What publication covers first aid for Soldiers?
It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
What is First Aid?
Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of)
What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
2 to 4 inches
How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
What is the publication concerning the M4 Carbine Rifle?
Make sure you clear it
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act offering while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
Placing of the Aiming Point
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Squeeze
What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage normal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
What is remedial action?
The objective of the DA Military Awards Program is to provide tangible recognition for acts of valor, exceptional service or achievement, special skills or qualifications, and acts of heroism not involving actual combat.
What is the purpose of the D.A. Military Awards Program?
The Soldiers Medal
What is the highest peacetime award for valor?
During peacetime, who is the approving authority for the Soldier's Medal?
A decoration, medal, badge, ribbon, or appurtenance bestowed on an individual or a unit
What is an Award?
An award to an individual for a specific act of gallantry or service
What is a decoration?
Certificate of Appreciation
What is DA Form 7013?
Good Conduct Medal
Badges and Tabs
Certificates and Letters
What are the six groups that individual awards can be categorized into?
The Medal of Honor
What is the highest award given by the Army in time of war?
The grade, name, and organization of the awardees' are engraved on the reverse of the Medal of Honor.
What is engraved on the reverse side of the Medal of Honor?
It is the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander's intent to empower agile and adaptive Leaders in the conduct of United Land Operations.
What is Mission Command?
The exercise of mission command
The mission command philosophy
The mission command warfighting function
Mission Command incorporates what three ideas?
Build cohesive Teams through mutual trust
Create shared understanding
Provide a clear Commander's intent
Exercise discipline initiative
Use Mission Orders
Accept prudent risk
What are the six principles of Mission Command?
Clear and concise expression of the purpose of the operation and the desired military end state that supports mission command, provides focus to the staff, and helps subordinates and supporting commander's act to achieve the commander's desired results without further orders, even when operation does not unfold as planned (Task, Purpose, End State).
Why is a clear Commander's intent important?
The authority that a commander in the armed forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment.
What is command?
It is the delegated power to judge, act, or command.
What is Authority?
It is the regulation of forces and warfighting functions to accomplish the mission on accordance with the commander's intent.
What is Control?
The Systems and procedures used to improve the commander's understanding and support accomplishing missions.
What is the "Science of Control"?
The arrangement of personnel, networks, information systems, processes and procedures, and facilities and equipment that enable commanders to conduct operations.
Define "Mission Command System"?
Equipment that collects, processes, stores, displays, and disseminates information. (This includes computers-hardware and software-and communications, as well as policies and procedures for their use)
"Information System" what does it consists of?
Plan ,Prepare ,Execute, and Assess
In Mission Command, what are the processes of Unit training Management?
Institutional ,Operational , and self-development
What are the domains in which the Army conducts training and education?
Commanders and other leaders are responsible for training.
Train to standard.
Train as you will fight.
Train while you operate.
Train fundamentals first.
Train to develop adaptability.
Train to sustain.
Train to maintain
What are some of the principles of unit training?
Lead by example.
Develop subordinate leaders.
Create a learning environment for subordinate leaders.
Train leaders in the art and science of mission command.
Train to develop adaptive leaders.
Train leaders to think critically and creativity.
What are the principles of leader development?
The doctrinal frame work of fundamental tasks for which the units was designed.
Define mission essential task list (METL)?
Training aids, Devices, Simulators, and Simulations.
What does (TADSS) stand for?
An operational environment establishes the conditions for training. This is also known as?
A battle drill is a collective action rapidly executed without applying a deliberate decision-making process
What is a battle drill?
What Manual covers counseling?
Purpose: Clearly define the purpose of the counseling.
Flexibility: Fit the counseling style to the character of each subordinate and to the relationship desired.
Respect: View subordinates as unique, complex individuals, each with a distinct set of values, beliefs, and attitudes.
Communication: Establish open, two-way communication with subordinates using spoken language, nonverbal actions, gestures, and body language. Effective counselors listen more than they speak.
Support: Encourage subordinates through actions while guiding them through their problems.
What are the characteristics of effective counseling?
What are the three approaches to counseling?
o Quickest method.
o Good for people who need clear, concise direction.
o Allows counselors to actively use their experience.
o Doesn't encourage subordinates to be part of the solution.
o Tends to treat symptoms, not problems.
o Tends to discourage subordinates from talking freely.
o Solution is the counselor's, not the subordinate's.
Explain the advantages of Directive counseling.
o Encourages maturity.
o Encourages open communication.
o Develops personal responsibility.
o More time-consuming
o Requires greatest counselor skill.
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Non-Directive counseling.
o Moderately quick.
o Encourages maturity.
o Encourages open communication.
o Allows counselors to actively use their experience.
o May take too much time for some situations.
Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Combined counseling.
Professional growth counseling
What are the three major categories of developmental counseling?
Instances of superior or substandard performance.
Reception and Integration Counseling.
What are some examples of Event counseling?
Chain of command familiarization.
Security and safety issues.
Noncommissioned officer (NCO) support channel (who is in it and how it is used).
On- and off-duty conduct.
Personnel/personal affairs/initial and special clothing issue.
Organizational history, structure, and mission.
Soldier programs within the organization, such as Soldier of the Month/Quarter/Year, and educational and training opportunities.
Off limits and danger areas.
Functions and locations of support activities.
On- and off-post recreational, educational, cultural, and historical opportunities.
Other areas the individual should be aware of as determined by the leader.
What areas would you cover in a reception and integration counseling?
What FM covers the duties, responsibilities and authorities of a NCO?
Responsibility is being accountable for what you do or fail to do.
What is Responsibility?
It makes them accountable for the personal conduct.
What does Individual Responsibility make a soldier accountable for?
Command authority is the authority leaders have over soldiers by virtue of rank or assignment. Command authority originates with the President and may be supplemented by law or regulation.
What is Command Authority?
Mission accomplishment and the welfare of the soldiers
What are the two most important responsibilities of a leader?
Command responsibility refers to collective or organizational accountability and includes how well the unit performs their missions. For example, a company commander is responsible for all the tasks and missions assigned to the company; his superiors hold him accountable for completing them. Commanders give military leaders the responsibility for what their sections, units, or organizations door fail to do. NCOs are therefore responsible to fulfill not only their individual duties, but also to ensure that their team and unit are successful. The amount of responsibility delegated to you depends on your mission, the position you hold and your own willingness to accept responsibility.
What does Command Responsibility make a soldier accountable for?
Where would a Soldier find a noncommissioned officer's role in reference to the chain of command?
Grade and assignment.
The authority of command that one individual exercises over others is acquired as a result of what?
What is a NCO's principle duty and responsibility?
Maintaining government property
Ensuring the welfare of the soldiers
Executing the mission
Name some basic responsibilities of a NCO?
30in step, DOUBLE TIME 180 steps per minute
What are the three marching steps used in drill?
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
A military ceremony used to:
o Honor a visiting, high-ranking commander, official, or dignitary, and or permit them to observe the state of training of a command.
o Present decorations and awards.
o Honor or recognize unit or individual achievements.
o Commemorate events.
What is a review?
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader's orders; and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commanding troops.
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
Stand at ease
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate Esprit de Corps
What is the primary value of ceremonies?
A line, which is only one element in depth
What is a rank?
Your left foot
What foot is your leading foot?
"Ready, Port, Arms"
What is the only command given from "Inspection Arms"?
Plain, Concise, and understandable language allows for shorter and clearer orders that convey their information with greater speed and less risk of misunderstanding.
What is the 'Principle of Simplicity'?
It provides or should provide a set of terms that convey specific meanings peculiar to the profession, facilitating clarity in speech and writing.
What is the importance of clear communication?
Fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives.
To enable soldiers and marines to communicate effectively and efficiently, terms must follow basic rules as established by the joint community and further enunciated by the Army.
What are the terminology standards?
The United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)
Who establishes the army policy for developing doctrinal terms?
A military symbol is a graphic representation of a unit, equipment, installation, activity, control measure, or tactical task relevant to military operations that is used for planning or to represent the common operational picture on a map, display or overlay.
What is a military symbol?
Framed and Unframed
What two categories do military symbols fall into?
Describes the hybrid threat and challenges posed by the nonstate entities or nuclear-capable states that use the irregular and asymmetric means to threaten U.S. interests.
What is APD 3-0 Unified Land Operations?
Special Warfare and Surgical Strike
What two critical capabilities represent the core of America's unique army special operations capabilities?
Generating Force, Operating Force, and Operations
What are the 3 types of forces in the Army special operations lines of effort?
Shape, deter, seize, initiative, dominate, stabilize, enable civil authority (and back to shape)
What are the joint operational phases?
The execution of activities in a precise manner that employ special operations forces in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments to seize, destroy, capture, exploit, recover, or damage designated targets, or influence threats.
Define Surgical Strike?
The primary methods through which friendly forces affect indigenous populations, host nations, or the enemy to establish the conditions needed to safeguard our interests and those of our allies.
Regional Mechanisms are defined as what?
Understand the Operational Environment
Recognize Political Implications
Facilitate Military and Interagency Activities
Engage the Threat Discriminately
Anticipate Long-Term Effects
Ensure Legitimacy and Credibility
Anticipate and Control Psychological Effects
Operate with and through others
Develop Multiple Options
Support Long-Term Engagement
Provide Sufficient Intelligence
Balance Security and Synchronization
List 6 of the 12 army special operations forces imperatives:
An Army leader is anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to accomplish organizational goals.
What is an Army Leader?
Leadership is the process of influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation to accomplish the mission and improve the organization.
What is Leadership?
Toxic Leadership is a combination of self-centered attitudes, motivations, and behaviors that have adverse effects on subordinates, the organization, and mission performance.
Define Toxic Leadership?
What three attributes capture the value and identity of a leader?
The Leadership Requirements Model conveys the expectations that the Army wants leaders to meet.
What does the Leadership Requirements Model convey?
Develop-the environment themselves and others and the profession as a whole
Achieve- organizational goals
Lead- lead others
Describe the three categories of competencies.
When the individual desires to improve and invest effort, and when his/her superior supports development
How are leaders developed?
To develop professionally and be ready to accept greater responsibility when called upon
What does the army entrust leaders to do?
WHAT APD COVERS PROTECTION?
Identify threats and hazards
Implement control measure to prevent or mitigate enemy or adversary actions
Manage capabilities to mitigate the effects and time to react or maneuver on the adversary to gain superiority and retain the initiative
Why is it important to consider protection throughout the operation process?
Protection is the persecution of the effectiveness and survivability of mission related military and non-military personnel, equipment, facilities, information, and infrastructure deployed or located within or outside the boundaries of a given operational area.
What is the role of protection?
What are the 5 principles of Protection?
Protection can be maximized by integrating the elements of combat power to reinforce protection or to achieve complementary protective effects.
How can protection be maximized?
The use of weapons systems to create a specific lethal or nonlethal effect on a target.
What is the definition of "Fires"?
The planning and executing of fire so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons
What is "fire support coordination"?
Joint fire that assist air, land, maritime, and special operations forces to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, airspace, and key waters.
What is "joint fire support"?
Air defense artillery and field artillery.
What are the core competencies of fires?
What are the principles of fire?
Provide support for domestic disasters
Provide support for domestic chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incidents.
Provide support for domestic civilian law enforcement agencies
Provide other designated support
For Army forces, what are the four primary tasks that are associated with DSCA?
How many national guard elements are in the United States?
Federal Emergency Management Agency
What does FEMA stand for?
Rules of Use on Force/ RUF are established through state laws
What does RUF stand for and how is it established?
State military force under the governor and as a reserve component of the Army that the President may mobilize for federal service.
What is the dual purpose of the National Guard?
Human Resources support
Financial Management operations
What are the 5 personnel services?
How many principles of Sustainment?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
What does the Acronym NATO stand for?
The provision of logistics, personnel services, and health service support necessary to maintain operations until successful mission completion.
What is the definition of sustainment?
The mental process of developing situational understanding, determining a desired end state, and envisioning an operational approach by which the force will achieve that end state.
What is the Commanders Visualization?
The Army Design Methodology is a methodology for applying critical and creative thinking to understand, visualize, and describe unfamiliar problems and approaches to solving them.
What is the Army Design Methodology?
Receipt of mission
Course of action development
Course of action analysis
Course of action comparison
Course of action approval
Orders production, dissemination, and transition.
List all 7 steps of the MDMP:
Step 1- Receive the Mission
Step 2- Issue a warning order
Step3- Make a tentative plan
Step 4- Initiative movement
Step 5- Conduct reconnaissance
Step 6- Complete the plan
Step 7- Issue the order
Step 8- Supervise and refine the plan
What are the troop leading procedures based on the MDMP?
Execution is putting a plan into action by applying combat power to accomplish the mission.
What is Execution?
Types of Information
Types of Doctrine
Types of Army doctrine and their hierarchy
What three taxonomies make up the body of knowledge that is doctrine?
Terms and Symbols
What 5 basic types of information are included in Army doctrine?
Multi- Service Doctrine
The Army recognizes four general types of Doctrine, what are they?
The levels of warfare are a framework for defining and clarifying the relationship among national objectives, the operational approach, and tactical tasks
The Levels of Warfare are what?
An Operational Approach is a description of the broad actions the force must take to transform current conditions into those desired at end state
What is an operational approach?
A task is a clearly defined action or activity specifically assigned to an individual or organization that must be done as it is imposed by an appropriate authority.
What is a task?
The product of resulting from the collection, processing, integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign nations, hostile or potentially hostile forces or elements, or areas of actual or potential operations.
What is Intelligence?
What are shaping operations?
It is the sum total of the intelligence efforts of the entire U.S. intelligence community
Define "Intelligence Enterprise".
Planning and direction
Processing and exploitation
Analysis and production
Dissemination and integration
Evaluation and feedback
What are the 6 interrelated categories of the intelligence process?
Assistant Chief of Staff, operations.
What does the abbreviation "G-3" represent?
The employment and ordered arrangement of forces in relation to each other.
It is the level of war at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to achieve military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces.
What is the tactical level of war?
It is an operation in which a commander directs immediately available forces, using fragmentary orders, to perform activities with minimal preparation, trading planning and preparation time for speed of execution.
Describe a "Hasty Operation".
Economy of Force
Unity of Command
List 5 of the Principles of Joint Operations:
Movement to Contact
Movement to Attack
Movement to Exploitation
Movement to Pursuit
What are the four primary offensive tasks?
Unified Land Operations
What describes how the army seizes, retains, and exploits the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations?
A body of thought on how Army forces operate as an integral part of a joint force
What is Army doctrine?
Allows army leaders to organize effort rapidly and effectively in a manner commonly understood across the army.
What does the operations structure do?
Is that area of concern to the commander, including the area of influence, areas adjacent thereto, and extending into enemy territory.
Define "Area of Interest".
A series of related major operations aimed at achieving strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space.
What is a campaign?
Unity of Effort
Legitimacy and host-nation ownership
Building partner capacity
List the four stability tasks:
The Whole-of-Government approach integrates the collaborative efforts of the departments and agencies of the USG to achieve unity of effort toward a shared goal.
Define the Whole-of-Government approach.
It states that the Country is suffering from institutional weakness that is serious enough to threaten the stability of the central government.
When a Country is in "A Fragile State". What does that mean for that Country?
A safe and secure environment
Established rule of law
A sustainable economy
List the five end state conditions for stability in operations
The Established Rule of Law refers to the condition in which all individuals and institutions, public and private, and the state itself are accountable to the law.
What is Established Rule of Law?
How many primary army stability tasks are there?
Establish civil security
Establish civil control
Restore essential services
Support to governance
Support to economic and infrastructure development
What are the five Primary Army Stability Tasks?
This allows commanders to gain a marked advantage over an adversary or contribute materially to achieving success.
Describe what a Decisive Point does for Commanders?