5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- John Peter Zanger
- Stamp Act
- Virginia Resolves
- Navigational Acts
- a designed to make sure England recieved money from the colonists' trade: 1. all shipping had to be done on English ships or ships made in English colonies, 2. tobacco, sugar, wood, etc. can only be sold to England, 3. European imports have to pass through english ports, 4. there's a tax on any goods not shipped to England
- b newspaper publisher, arrested for speaking libel against the british gov.
- c In response to the 1765 Stamp Act, Patrick Henry persuaded the Virginia House of Burgesses to adopt several strongly worded resolutions that denied Parliament's right to tax the colonies. Known as the Virginia Resolves, these resolutions persuaded many other colonial legislatures to adopt similar positions.
- d an ecomonic theory where colonies are created to benefit the "mother country" through trade of raw materials and consumption of the mother countrys finished products
- e an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents, opposition by the colonies resulted in the repeal of the act in 17
5 Multiple choice questions
- Occurred between the 1730's and the 1760's. Outgrowth of the Enlightenment. Main leaders were Johnathan Edwards ["Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"] and George Whitefield. Whitefield preached using emotion and spirituality.
- demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor, organized as a protest against taxes on tea act
- The point of contention that sparked the French and Indian War. Both the French and British claimed it. They wanted the area because the rivers allowed for transportation.
- In North America: French owned Canada and Louisiana as trading area; Britain owned 13 colonies on east coast of U.S; fought over Gulf of St. Lawrence (protected by French) and Ohio River Valley; French moved down from Canada and up from Louisiana to establish forts in Ohio River Valley, which cut off British settlers from expanding into vast area; Indians supported French because they were traders, not settlers; in 1759 British defeat French; Treaty of Paris in 1763 transferred Canada and lands east of Mississippi to England; their ally Spain gave Britain Florida, and French gave Louisiana to Spanish
- The Prime Minister of England during the French and Indian War. He increased the British troops and military supplies in the colonies, and this is why England won the war.
5 True/False questions
Sons of Liberty → A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Indirect Taxes → those taxes that are levied on goods; services, and transactions
Jonathan Edwards → The most outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening. He was a New England Congregationalist and preached in Northampton, MA, he attacked the new doctrines of easy salvation for all. He preached anew the traditional ideas of Puritanism related to sovereignty of God, predestination, and salvation by God's grace alone. He had vivid descriptions of Hell that terrified listeners.
Andrew Hamilton → lawyer in John Peter Zanger's trial argues that everything Zanger wrote was true and that the truth can not be libel. Zanger wins the case
townshend acts → In 1767 "Champagne Charley" Townshend persuaded Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts. These acts put a light import duty on such things as glass, lead, paper, and tea. The acts met slight protest from the colonists, who found ways around the taxes such as buying smuggled tea. Due to its minute profits, the Townshend Acts were repealed in 1770, except for the tax on tea. The tax on tea was kept to keep alive the principle of Parliamentary taxation.