5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Edward Braddock
- Jonathan Edwards
- Non-importation agreements
- Boston Massacre
- townshend acts
- a The most outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening. He was a New England Congregationalist and preached in Northampton, MA, he attacked the new doctrines of easy salvation for all. He preached anew the traditional ideas of Puritanism related to sovereignty of God, predestination, and salvation by God's grace alone. He had vivid descriptions of Hell that terrified listeners.
- b a British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, Braddock was mortally wounded.
- c In 1767 "Champagne Charley" Townshend persuaded Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts. These acts put a light import duty on such things as glass, lead, paper, and tea. The acts met slight protest from the colonists, who found ways around the taxes such as buying smuggled tea. Due to its minute profits, the Townshend Acts were repealed in 1770, except for the tax on tea. The tax on tea was kept to keep alive the principle of Parliamentary taxation.
- d British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
- e Agreements not to import goods from Great Britain. They were designed to put pressure on the British economy and force the repeal of unpopular parliamentary acts.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
- designed to make sure England recieved money from the colonists' trade: 1. all shipping had to be done on English ships or ships made in English colonies, 2. tobacco, sugar, wood, etc. can only be sold to England, 3. European imports have to pass through english ports, 4. there's a tax on any goods not shipped to England
- After the French and Indian War, the English had claim the Quebec Region, a French speaking colony. Because of the cultural difference, English had a dilemma on what to do with the region. The Quebec Act, passed in 1774, allow the French Colonist to go back freely to their own customs. The colonists have the right to have access to the Catholic religion freely. Also, it extended to Quebec Region north and south into the Ohio River Valley. This act created more tension between the colonists and the British which lead to the American Revolution.
- Drafted a declaration of colonial rights and grievances, and also wrote the series of "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" in 1767 to protest the Townshend Acts. Although an outspoken critic of British policies towards the colonies, Dickinson opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence.
- He was an Anglican minister with great oratorical skills. His emotion-charged sermons were a centerpiece of the Great Awakening in the American colonies in the 1740s.
5 True/False questions
John Adams → A Massachusetts attorney and politician who was a strong believer in colonial independence. He argued against the Stamp Act and was involved in various patriot groups. As a delegate from Massachusetts, he urged the Second Continental Congress to declare independence. He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence. Adams later served as the second President of the United States.
Pontiacs Rebellion → Pontiacs Rebellion occured in 1763. Native Americans were angered by the decreased amount of ammuniton and guns that was traded with the British in exchanged for use of the land. Native Americans weren't happy about the settlers moving into their territory and felt they couldn't share their traditonal ways of life with them. Pontiac, an Ottowa CHief called on many tibes to unite and attack the Birtish. Many British forts were destroyed and 2,000 settlers were killed. British settlers reacted with equal viciousness, killing even indians who had not attacked them.
the declaratory act → 1766. Britain stated that they had the right to tax colonists without challenge, and that they had virtual representation, since parliament members represent all British subjects in all colonies.
Patrick Henry → He was an orator and statesman and a member of the House of Burgesses where he introduced seven resolutions against the Stamp Act. Famous for his comment "Give me liberty or give me death", he also promoted revolutionary ideals.
Merchantilism → Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies with a small direct tax- undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party