253 terms

SAT High Frequency Vocab List

Loft's SAT High Frequency Vocab List
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Abate
to reduce in amount
Aberrant
deviating from what is normal
Abhor
hate
Abrasive
rough, coarse, harsh
Abrasiveness
harshness, coarseness
Abrogate
cancel, deny, repeal
Abscond
run away in a secret manner
Absolution
forgiveness, pardon, release
Abstain
desist, go without, withdraw
Abstemious
self denying, refraining from indulging
Abstruse
difficult to understand, obscure
Abstruse
hard to understand, esoteric
Acclamation
a shout or approval
Accolade
tribute, honor, praise
Acquiesce
to agree to, give in to
Acrid
sharp, pungent (used of smells and tastes)
Acrimonious
caustic in nature, bitter, burning in nature
Acrimony
sharpness in nature or speech
Acrophobia
fear of heights
Acuity
sharpness (mental or visual)
Adamant
forceful, inflexible
Adjuration
an earnest request
Admonish
caution, advise against something
Adroit
skillful
Adulation
strong admiration, worship
Adversity
hardship
Advocate
support
Aesthetic
concerning art or beauty
Affable
friendly, social, easygoing
Agglomeration
a mass of varied parts
Aggrandize
to widen in scope or power (sometimes seemingly)
Aggregate
coming together to form a whole
Alacrity
eagerness, enthusiasm, quickness
Alchemy
medieval chemistry, attempt to change base metal into gold.
Alibi
an excuse that shows someone was not at a crime scene
Allay
to lessen
Alleviate
make less severe
Aloof
distant, detached, cold
Altruism
putting others first, being self-sacrificing
Amass
accumulate
Ambiguity
uncertainty, vagueness
Ambiguous
unclear in meaning, can be interpreted in different ways
Ambivalence
lack of clarity, wavering, being undecided
Ambulatory
able to walk around (used of hospital patients)
Ameliorate
make better
Amelioration
improvement
Amenable
ready to answer
Amenity
agreeable way
Amiable
friendly
Amity
friendship
Amorphous
lacking in shape
Analgesic
medicine to combat pain
Analogous
comparable
Anarchy
chaos, lack of government
Anecdote
an amusing brief story
Animosity
hatred, antagonism
Annex
(noun)a building which is an addition to an existing building
Annex
(verb)take possession of, seize, capture
Anomaly
something which does not fit in a pattern, irregularity
Antagonism
hostility, strong opposition (usually towards main character, protaganist)
Antagonistic
opposed, hostile, aggressive
Antediluvian
outdated, prehistoric, very old-fashioned
Anthropocentrism
putting man at the center of one's philosophy
Antipode
opposites
Antiquated
outdated, old fashioned
Apathetic
indifferent, uninterested, lethargic
Apathy
lack of interest or emotion (antonym empathy)
Apocryphal
of doubtful origin
Apogee
climax
Apparatchik
a member of an apparat (usually in a Communist community)
Appease
pacify, soothe, calm down, make peace with
Apprehensive
worried, fearful
Apprised
given noticed to
Arable
can be cultivated
Arbitrary
random, for no definite reason
Arcane
obscure, known only to a few people
Archaic
ancient, outdated, old fashioned
Archetype
classic example of
Archives
collections of old records, place of storage of old documents
Argillaceous
having a significant amount of clayey matter
Articulate
clear, lucid, eloquent
Artifice
deception, trickery
Artisan
craftsman
Ascendancy
controlling influence
Ascetic
without luxuries, severely simple
Assiduous
thorough, diligent
Assuage
to calm
Astute
perceptive, sharp-witted
Asylum
place of refuge or safety
Atavism
appearance, and the reappearance
Atheist
person who does not believe in God
Atrophy
waste away from lack of use
Balk
hinder and prevent; hesitate over
Banal
common, dull
Banality
ordinariness, dullness
Bane
troublesome influence
Bard
poet
Baroque
highly ornate, or irregular in shape
Bastion
fortress, stronghold
Bauble
a showy ornament, usually a scepter
Befuddle
confuse
Begrudge
resent
Beguile
mislead, lure
Belabor
explain in unnecessary detail
Beleaguer
besiege, attack
Belie
contradict
Belittle
to demean
Bellicose
war-like, aggressive
Belligerent
aggressive, ready to fight
Bemoan
complain about
Beneficiary
a person from a group that receives special benefits
Benevolent
kindly
Benign
kindly, harmless
Benignity
compassion, gentleness, fondness
Bequeath
leave something in one's will to be given after one's death
Berate
scold, criticize
Bereavement
deprivation, usually by death
Beret
type of cap
Bestial
behaving like a beast, brutal
Betroth
arrange the marriage of
Biannual
twice a year
Biennial
once every two years
Bigot
narrow-minded, prejudiced person
Bilk
cheat, defraud
Billowing
swelling, fluttering, waving
Blasphemy
speech which offends religious sentiments
Blatant
obvious
Blighted
damaged, destroyed, ruined
Blithe
free-spirited, carefree
Blunderbuss
ancient weapon (type of gun); a clumsy person
Bolster
support, prop up
Bombast
arrogant, pompous language
Boorish
ill-mannered
Bourgeois
middle class
Braggart
someone who boasts
Brawny
muscular
Brevity
being brief
Bristle
to show irritation
Broach
start to discuss, approach
Brusque
blunt, abrupt
Bulwark
fortification, barricade, wall
Bureaucracy
officialdom
Burgeon
grow, flourish, put forth new shoots
Burnish
polish
Busker
a street performer
Buttress
strengthen, support
Byline
the line that tells you who wrote an article
Byzantine
complex and intricate
Cacophony
discordant loud noises
Cajole
coax (persuade)
Caldron
huge cooking pot
Callow
immature
Candid
frank, honest
Candor
frankness, openness
Cantankerous
bad-tempered, quarrelsome
Capacious
spacious
Capitulate
surrender, give in to
Carping
constant criticism
Cartographer
person who makes maps
Castigate
scold strongly
Catharsis
purging of emotions (usually by means of music)
Catharsis
purging of pent-up emotions
Caucus
type of private political meeting
Caustic
burning
Cavalcade
procession of vehicles
Caveat
a warning
Celerity
speed
Censorious
disapproving, critical
Censure
blame
Cerebral
intellectual
Certitude
certainty
Charlatan
trickster who claims knowledge he doesn't have
Chary
wary of, cautious about, reluctant to give
Chastises
punishes
Chattel
a slave
Cherub
a beautiful, innocent person
Chicanery
trickery
Chicanery
trickery or deception by false arguing
Chimerical
changeable, unstable
Choleric
easily angered
Chronicler
person who records historical information
Circuitous
indirect
Circumlocution
using too many words, long-windedness
Circumscribe
limit
Circumspect
cautious, considering all sides
Circumspect
discreetly watchful
Circumvent
avoid
Clairvoyant
psychic, mystic
Clamor
shout, scream
Clandestine
secret, covert, stealthy
Clemency
mercy
Cliché
overused expression, something unoriginal
Clientele
customers
Cloying
to cause discuss or aversion (strong dislike) through excess
Coalesce
come together, merge, unite
Coddle
pamper, fuss over, indulge
Coercion
force
Cogent
lucid (clear), well argued
Cogitate
think over something, ponder
Cognizant
aware
Collage
picture made from fragments of other pictures
Collate
arrange in order
Colloquial
local and informal (used of language)
Colloquy
conference, dialogue
Collusion
plotting and planning
Commandeer
take possession of
Complacent
self-satisfied, smug
Compliant
easy to control, submissive
Compunction
uneasiness
Concatenate
link together
Concatenation
linking into chains
Conciliate
to bring together, end a dispute
Concise
stated in few words
Condescend
talk down to
Condone
tacitly support, overlook
Condoning
overlooking, disregarding, ignoring
Conflagration
big fire
Conforming
following traditional ways
Conformist
one who follows traditional ways
Confound
confuse
Congeal
to solidify
Congenital
present from birth
Conglomerates
forming into a mass or a whole (aggregate)
Coniferous
having many conifers (trees)
Conjugal
pertained to marriage
Connoisseur
person with refined taste and good judgment
Consecrate
dedicate
Consensus
general agreement
Conspicuous
easily seen, prominent
Consummate
complete, total, supremely good
Contemporary
living or happening at the same time
Contrite
sorry
Contrition
sorrow and repentance
Contumacious
stubborn
Contusion
a bruise
Conundrum
a puzzle
Conventional
usual, customary, common
Coriaceous
leather
Corpulent
fat
Corrigenda
errors
Corrugated
highly folded
Counterfeit
fake, false
Covert
hidden, undercover
Cower
recoil in fear or servility, shrink away from
Crass
gross
Credible
believable
Creditable
praiseworthy
Credulous
gullible, ready to believe anything
Crepuscular
active at dawn and dusk
Cringe
recoil, flinch, shy away
Cryptic
puzzling, enigmatic
Curtail
cut short
Cynical
believing that people act only out of selfish motives