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Dance 265: Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (52)
Name one of the 18th century ballet choreographers who claimed to be basing his innovations to ballet tradition on the ancient Roman Form. Then, name the ancient Roman form.
Early court ballet developed from the influx of peasant folk dances into castle ballrooms. What is one of the ways that folk dances came into the court?
Peasants dancing in the courts to entertain nobles and the nobles copying and making parodies. Minstyrels. Trouabdors.
Name the court dance considered a seminal form of ballet. Why is it thought to be such?
The Minuet. A couple, a pair of dancers, watched from the front.
Name on of the ways dance survived in the Middle Ages (either inside or outside of the church) in spite of the Church's ambivalence about dance.
Inside: Choir Boys Dance. Outside: Folk dance, traveling/street performers.
Give an explanation for the re-emergence of classical texts and themes in Renaissance culture.
The printing press allows for classical texts to emerge and spread. The fall of the eastern Empire.
Who was Catherine de Medici's dancing master?
Balthazar de Beaujoyeux
What work do dance historians consider to be the first ballet? Why is it considered such?
Ballet Comiqe de la Rein, 1581. Interacted song, dance, with a plot, happy feeling, costumes, extravagant, political message.
What is the name of Giacomo Torelli's revolutionary stage design that is central to Louis XIV's ballets?
Chariot and Pole
Name one way Louis XIV used dance as a "weapon of state" and briefly state why this was significant politically in 17th century France.
Used dance to centralize power by presenting himself as the Sun God in ballets. Since the country was unstable and torn politically it portrayed him as powerful and the center of the country's ways.
What was Louis XIV's signature role in ballets, and what was the name in which the 14 year old King first appeared in this role?
Le Ballet de La Nuit, he was Apollo the Sun King
Name the first professional institution for the study of dance and the year it was instituted.
Royal Academy of Dance: 1661 (failed) Royal Academy of Music and Dance: 1672
Who were the musical director and ballet master of the first professional dance institution?
Ballet Master: Beauchamps
Musical Director: Jean Baptise Lully
State on eof the ways in which the proscenium stage influenced the development of ballet technique.
Sparked the start of turn out, elevation, leaps, jumps
Name one of the things Noverre says is wrong with contemporary choreography (opera ballet)
It does not tell a story through the body or represent emotions
What do 18th century dance reformers like Weaver and Noverre think should be the purpose of dance?
Imitation. Imitating human life and its emotions through the use of pantomime.
Which one of these ballets was the first Ballet d'Action: John Weaver's The Loves of Mars and Venus or Jean-Georges Noverre's Medea and Jason?
John Weaver's The loves of Mars and Venus
Name a women ballet choreographer from at least two of these periods: 18th century, 19th century, 20th century
18th: Prevost, Marie Salle. 19th: Fanny Cerrito 20th: Nijinksa
Describe one way the French fairground theatres influenced the development of ballet.
It experimented with new and different styles opposing Opera Ballet. Influenced the idea that it should be expressive and tell a story, spurring the start of Ballet d'Action
Name two ways Romantic Ballets communicated narrative action
Letimotiff; music supporting movement, lobretti; written scenes; female/male roles; pantomime
List two distinguishing features that made Romantic ballet different from what came before.
Point work, male supporting the female, corresponding music with the movement, gender toles, lobretti, gothic features, return to middle age inspiration
Who Choreographed La Sylphide
Who wrote the libretto for Giselle?
Who choreographed Giselle?
Who danced the original role of the syphide?
Who danced the original role of Giselle?
Describe what the working conditions were like for a ballet girl in he 19th century US
Low pay, hard conditions, little respect, men ownership, moral danger, dangerous
Who was in the audience at the Imperial Ballet
Name the choreographer most closely identified with the Imperial Classical Style
Name the choreographer who often worked with Petipa, such as in Swan Lake and The Nutcracker
What does it mean that Levinson thought ballet should be autonomous?
Its a form of art that can stand on its own and have its own meaning
What is the structural form of the classical grand pas de duex
What was special about Italian ballerinas in the 19th century, why was that the case historically and how did they influence the development of Russian Imperial ballet style?
The Italian ballerinas were very well educated in dance, music and art. It was a rich career and very respected in Italy. They brought dance influence to Russia to spread and make it a live, important art.
Name the impresario of Ballet Russes
Define the collaborative method of creating art and give an explanation of how it was significant to Diaghilev's Ballets Russes
The use of music, costume, design, and choreography all working together. It was how all Ballet Russes performances were developed. Each one was separately working
When Fokine contrasts the new ballet from the old, what is the old referring to? Name one of Fokine's principles of the new ballet and briefly describe how it differed from its predecessor.
Imperial Ballet is the old. Fokine believed the music and pantomime, and corps de ballet should be a collaborative effort to support a story line.
Name one way in which Nijinsky's choreography differed from Fokine's
Anti-traditional. Turned in feet and legs, bent legs.
Name a ballet by Fokine
Name of ballet by Nijinsky
Riot of Spring
Name the Ballet Russes choreographers in chronological order
Fokine, Nijinsky, Massine, Nijinska, Balanchine
Who were the dancers in Diaghilev's 1917 "Feu d'Artifice" (Fireworks) designed by the Italian Futurist artist Giacomo Balla
No real dancers, the play of the lights represented the dancers on on the set
Name a ballet choreographed y Leonide Massine
Name a ballet choreographed by Bronislava Nijinska
Name a ballet choreographed by Balanchine
Why do we describe Nijinska and Balanchines choreographic style as neoclassical?
Returns to the traditional style but breaks the line, uses the vocab but extends and modernized it
Identify one element of the Ballet Russes that would have been particularily exciting to a balletomane in Paris in 1909, and briefly give historical context or why it would have been so.
The famous artists it brought together in collaboration
Name one way in which the development of ballet was impacted by the influence of Italian Futurists and Russian Constructivists on the artists of Ballet Russes
Italian Futurists artists inspired angularity, cubism. Russian Constructivism emphasized machine as the model, choreographers wanted the movement to represent machines by the use of repetition, ongoing movement, energetic, starting and stopping.
Identify one of the issues relation to American women's lives or in American dance that the women forerunners of modern dance rejected in their own artisticendeavors
Dress reform, expression
What was Delsarte, where did it come from, and who was one of the American modern dance pioneers influenced by it?
A retired french singer, finding the best way of expression, Isadora Duncan
Describe one of Loie Fuller's technological innovations and articulate why it was significant to dance history?
Play of lights on costuming, faus-flourescent salts in dresses, sticks in her fabric so easier to move it
Other than classical Greece, name one of the influences Duncan's new dance vocabulary and philosophy
Who opened Denishawn school? Name at least two of its most famous students.
Ted Shawn & Ruth St. Denis. Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey
Besides Eastern dances, name two of the other styles of dance you might see at a Denishawn concert
Ballroom, oriental dance, yoga, barefoot interpretive
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