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26 terms

chap 11 (cont)

STUDY
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BS- blood sugar, glucose
measur. of sugar in blood
FBS- fasting blood sugar
measur. of blood sugar after 12 hr. fast
PPBS- postprandial blood sugar
measur. of blood sugar after meal & 2 hrs.
GTT- glucose tolerance test
measur. body's ability to metabolize carbs.
looks at urine/blood after 4-6 hrs. of glucose intake
electrolytes
measur. specific ions= sodium, potassium, CO2, chloride
thyroid function study
measur. thyroid hormone levels
determines efficiency of glandular secretions
CT-computed tomography
to obtain transverse view of pituitary gland
MRI- magnetic resonance imaging
identifies abnor.- pituitary, pancreas, adrenal, thyroid
sonography
images- i.e. thyroid ultrasound,
identify endocrine pathology
thyroid uptake and image
nuclear image, visualizes ingested isotopes,
detects thyroid nodules, tumors
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
CSII
continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
DM
diabetes mellitus
adrenalectomy
excision of adrenal gland
hypophysectomy
excision of pituitary gland
pancreatectomy
excision of pancreas
parathyroidectomy
excision of parathyroid gland
thymectomy
excision of thymus gland
thyroidectomy
excision of thyroid gland
continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion- CSII, insulin pump therapy
device worn on body, subcutaneously infuses doses of isulin
radioiodine therapy
radioactive iodine used to treat disease.
i.e. thyroid tumor cells
antihypoglycemic
raises blood glucose
antithyroid drug
blocks production of thyroid hormones
hormone replacement
replaces hormone deficiency- i.e. estrogen,testosterone,thyroid
hypoglycemic antihyperglycemic
lowers blood glucose- i.e. insulin