How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Theology MIDTERM Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
nabi
means "prophet" rather than "messenger or apostle"
rasul
means "messenger" or "apostle"; title applied to Muhammad
Mecca
center of Islam
Kabba
a large black stone positioned in Mecca
Sunni
the faction of Muslims that believe that Muhammad appointed his father-in-law Abu Bakr as his successor
Shi'ite
the faction of Muslims that believes that Muhammad appointed his son-in-law Ali as his successor
Qur'an
"reading" or "recitation," the Muslim holy text
Islam
means "submission" or "surrender"
Muslim
literally, someone who has submitted or surrendered himself to Allah
Shahadah
Muslim profession of faith
surah
chapter of the Qur'an
qiblah
the orientation/direction the Muslim faces during shalah
Hajj
the mandatory pilgrimage to Mecca
Jihad
Islamic "holy war"
Shariah
Islamic law
Sufi
a Muslim who practices a mystical or esoteric form of Islam
tariqah
spiritual path of perfection and union with God practiced by Sufi Muslims
Medina
"city of the prophet," the site that Muhammad flees to after he is expelled from Mecca
Hellenization
refers to the encounter between Greek philosophies and Israelite faith/Scriptures
Pharisees
a group of Jews that believed in a literal following of the law, and object to Jesus on several grounds
Sadducees
the priestly Jewish class that is in charge of the temple; die out after the destruction of the Temple
Zealots
the group of Jews that advocated a violent overthrow of Rome and expected a warrior Messiah
Essenes
a Jewish monastic desert community responsible for the Dead Sea Scrolls
Canon of Scripture
the collection of Holy writings compiled by the rabbis
Septuagint
the Greek translation of the NT
Tanakh
the complete Hebrew Bible
Mishnah
the first rabbinic commentary
Gemara
rabbinic commentary on the Mishnah/debates about how the law should be applied
Talmud
literally, "instruction," or "learning," the combination of the Mishnah and Gemara, which contained rabbinic debates about the Passover
Moses Maimonides
responsible for compiling the 13 Jewish Principles/Articles of Faith
Shemone Esre Berakhot
the 18 blessings used in Jewish religion
Kaddish
"holy, sanctification"; the prayer that concludes synagogue service
Todah
a sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving in Jewish liturgy