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the faction of Muslims that believe that Muhammad appointed his father-in-law Abu Bakr as his successor
the faction of Muslims that believes that Muhammad appointed his son-in-law Ali as his successor
a group of Jews that believed in a literal following of the law, and object to Jesus on several grounds
the priestly Jewish class that is in charge of the temple; die out after the destruction of the Temple
literally, "instruction," or "learning," the combination of the Mishnah and Gemara, which contained rabbinic debates about the Passover
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