41 terms

TAP Art Midterm 2013

Ms. Kennedy CMHS 2013 Midterm
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Proportion
the relative size of part to part and part to whole within an object or composition
Composition
the organization or arrangement of the elements of art in a given work
Negative Space
space surrounding a positive shape sometimes referred to as ground or empty space
Positive Space
the main objects or shapes in a work of art
Form
In its broadest sense, the total structure of a work of art-such as the relation of the elements of art and the distinctive character of work. In a narrower sense, the shape or substance of an object.
Shape
a 2D, closed configuration; the 2 categories of it are organic and geometric
Contour Line
line that delineates both the outside edge of an obkect and the edges of planes that intersect the outside edge
Outline
delineates only the outside edge of an object
Objective
free from personal feelings; the emphasis on the descriptive and factual rather than the expressive
Subjective
emphasizing the artist's emotions or personal viewpoint rather than informational content
Subject Matter
the thing or things presented in a work of art
Rhythm
developing from repetition, either regular or varied, of visual elements, such as line shape or color
Unity
provides a cohesive quality that makes an artwork feel complete
Balance
the visual balancing of colors, shapes, or masses to create a sence of equilibrium
Content
the subject matter of a work or art, including emotional, intellectual, symbolic, thematic, and narrative connotations
Picture Plane
the 2-D surface on which an artist works
Foreground
the part of a composition nearest to the viewer in a pictorial representation
Background
the area of a picture that appears farthest away in a theme-dimensional illusion
Local Color
the natural color of the subject of an image
Narrative
to tell a story or communicate happenings
Value
the gradation of tone from light to dark, from white through gray to black
Chiaroscuro
modeling, the gradual blending of light to dark to create a three dimensional illusion
Formal Elements
the art elements: line, value, texture, and color
Gestural Approach
a quick all-encompassing statement of forms. In gesture, the hand duplicates the movement of the eyes, quickly defining the subjects general characteristics-movement, weight, shade, scale and proportion
Implied Line
a line that stops and starts again; the viewer's eye completes the movement that the line suggests
Icon
an image regarded with special veneration
Organizational-Line Drawing
drawing that uses grouped directional lines to provide a structural, analytic framework. We reference Giacometti when discussing this
Conceptual Drawing
a drawing that in its essential form is conceived in the artists mind, rather than derived from immediate visual stimuli
Cadavre Exquis
French for exquisite corpse, a drawing technique devised by the Surrealists in which a group of artist work on the same drawing, each unaware of what the others have done
Foreshortening
a technique for producing the illusion of an objects extension into space by contracting its form
Informational Drawing
a category of objective drawing including diagrammatic, architectural, and mechanical drawing. It clarifies concepts and ideas that may not be actually visible, such as a chemist's drawing of molecular structure
Schematic Drawing
another name for conceptual- a mental construct as opposed to visual information
Homage
a work of art in the style of another artist to show respect to the creator of the original work
Kinetic Marks
marks that convey a sense ofmotion
Horror Vacui
latin for "fear of the void" a term with psychological connotations tha is often applied to artwork that leaves no epmty space
line, mass, mass and line, scribbled Line, and sustained
What are the 5 types of gesture drawing?
Line Gesture
describes the interior forms, following your eyes as you examine the subject- lines should vary from thick to thin, wide to narrow, heavy to light. Marks can be tangled and overlapped-might resemble a scribble but they are never aimless or meaningless.
Mass Gesture
In this type of gesture the drawing medium is used to make broad marks creating mass as opposed line.
Mass and Line Gesture
Incorporates both techniques for Line and Mass-begin with either one and alternate between the two
Scribbled line Gesture
Consists of a tight network of lines-begin continuous overlapping lines at the imagined center of the subject. The lines build on one another moving from the interior to the outside edge of the form- technique has a parallel in sculpture: the use of an armature or frame work to support clay or plaster
Sustained Gesture
This type of gesture begins in the same spirit as the other type of gestures- which a quick notation of the entire subject- you begin to make corrections establishing scale and more accurate proportion between the parts. The result is it begins to look like the object being drawn.