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argumentation ch 15-18 quiz
Terms in this set (25)
Metaphors can have great persuasive and rational force in arguments T/F
The use of one object to represent another associated object or a single attribute to represent a complex object is...
a. Metonymy b. Analogy c. Fidelity d. Special pleading
Metonymy is not often used in advertising T/F
Evidence relationship is the familiar relationship pair that is used as support for the Causation T/F
Literal analogies are...
a. simple literal b. a Fortiori c. judicial d. all of the above e. none of the above
An infallible cause is an effect with more than one possible cause, though one cause is typical T/F
Which argument not only shows similarities between evidence and conclusion cases, but also focuses on differences and tries to explain the cause of the observed differences?
a. Cause by analogy b. cause by enumeration c. reasoning from correlation
d. argument from sign
The process of reasoning from correlation utilizes option elimination to find the solution
"A recent study showed a 10% drop in IQ for employees who frequently checked their emails. They determined that the cause for the reduction in IQ was the excessive attention to email." This is an example of generalization about cause. T/F
Water was spilled on the floor. 5 minutes later, someone slipped on the water. Therefore, the spilt water was the cause of the slip. Is this a/an -
a. Argument from sign b. Reasoning from correlation alone c. Cause by enumeration
d. Cause by analogy
Which of these is not a test for pragmatic arguments?
a. Is the action in question likely to have the suggested consequence?
b. Did you start yelling in your argument?
c. Does the proposed action violate an important principle?
The argument of quantity is an argument that affirms numerical considerations as an index of significance. T/F
Tension between pragmatic and principle considerations is common to _______ debates
a. private b. political c. public d. classroom
"The dosage of the active ingredient in many sleeping pills is too high, leaving patients drowsy at work." What type of argument is this?
a. pragmatic argument b. argument from principle c. argument from quantity
d. argument from quality
Which one isn't an argument based on moral and practical concerns?
a. The pragmatic argument b. Argument from character c. argument from quantity
d. argument from quality
Essential nature arguments are arguments that look to origin as evidence of essential nature T/F
As social needs change, institutional functions may also change T/F
An argument that affirms numerical considerations an index of significance an argument of Quantity T/F
In a visual argument, the image itself stands in the place of both evidence and conclusion. T/F
Arguments that affirm that the meaning or essential nature of an object or document is revealed in the intended meaning of its authors or designers is a(n)
a. argument from function b. genetic argument c. argument from intent d. visual argument
Which of the following is not a fallacy?
a. Fallacies of faulty assumptions b. Fallacies to directed to the person c. Fallacies of case presentation d. Fallacies of persuasion
A continuum fallacy is a false assumption that quantitative changes along the line of progression do not occur without agreement about exactly where such changes occur T/F
Which of the following is an intentional effort to attack a person rather than their argument?
a. ad populum b. ad hominem c. to quoque d. strawman argument
An appeal to authority is an appeal that urges compliance with the directive of a person, group, or document possessing power. T/F
Which of these is not an emotional appeal
a. loneliness b. fear c. anger d. pity
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