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Chapter 16 - Health Conditions and Limitations
Terms in this set (16)
VO2 peak similar to adults when adjusted for body weight; submaximal oxygen demand higher than adults; glycolytic enzymes lower than adults; sweating rate (decreased tolerance to temperature extremes)
What are 4 physiologic considerations for training youth?
Maximum attainable heart rate; cardiac output; muscle mass; balance; coordination; connective tissue elasticity; bone mineral density
What functions decrease with age?
The condition of subcutaneous fat exceeding the amount of lean body mass
Hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes
What are 3 comorbidities common in obese clients?
Weight supported, such as cycling or swimming
It is recommended that obese clients partake in this type of exercise to decrease orthopedic stress
Chronic metabolic disorder caused y insulin deficiency which impairs carbohydrate usage and enhances usage of fat and protein
Make sure client has appropriate footwear; have client keep a snack with them; use SMR with care and under supervision of physician; avoid excessive plyometric training and higher intensity training
What are 4 special considerations for training clients with diabetes?
Avoid heavy lifting and Valsalva maneuvers; don't let clients over grip equipment; modify tempo to avoid extended isometric and concentric muscle action; perform exercises in standing or seated position; allow client to stand up slowly; progress slowly
What are 6 special considerations for clients with hypertension?
Greater than 140/90
What blood pressure reading defines hypertension?
Coronary heart diease
Circuit and PHA resistance training system with appropriate rest intervals are recommended for clients with this chronic condition.
Condition in which there is a decrease in bone mass and density as well as an increase in the space between bones, resulting in porosity and fragility
An inflammatory condition that affects the joints of the body
Avoid heavy lifting and high reps, stay within pain-free ranges of motion
What are some training considerations for clients with arthritis?
Low to moderate intensity with moderate durations, 3-5 days/week
At what training volume can regular exercise within the OPT model have a positive affect on the immune system?
Supine and prone
Which exercise positions should be avoided after 12 weeks of pregnancy?
Which stage of cardio training is contraindicated for pregnant clients?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 15 - Exercise Modalities
Chapter 17 - Nutrition
Chapter 18 - Supplements
Chapter 1 - Integrated Training Rationale
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