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Geography Sem 2 Exam Glossary
Terms in this set (20)
Child mortality rate
The probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five expressed per 1,000 live births.
Total fertility rate
The average number of children born per woman in her lifetime.
The ratio of the number of males for each female in a population.
Natural increase (/natural decrease)
The difference between the birth rate and the death rate. This does not include changes due to migration.
Population growth rate
The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative
The number of years a person can expect to live based on the average living conditions within a country.
The number of deaths per thousand of the population per year.
Infant mortality rate
The number of deaths in children under 1 year of age per 1000 live births in the same year.
This ratio compares the percentage of population available for work (15 - 64) and those economically inactive. It is calculated by dividing all children aged 14 and under plus those aged 65 and over by the number of adults aged 15 - 64.
The number of children each woman would need to have in order to ensure a stable population level. That is, to 'replace' its parents. This fertility rate is 2.1 children.
The number of people within a given area, usually per square kilometre.
The number of live births per thousand of the population per year.
The number or percentage of males and females in a particular age group.
The capacity of an environment to support a certain population
Earth overshoot day
The date when all of humanity have used more from nature than our planet can renew in the entire year.
Country overshoot day
The date on which Earth Overshoot Day would fall if all of humanity consumed like the people in this country.
Tourism that "meets the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunities for the future" (Agenda 21 for travel and tourism industry). These are also defined under the three Pillars of Sustainability and the needs of all three Pillars (Economic, Social and Environmental) must be met.
Nature based: there must be a relatively undisturbed natural environment
Educational: learning about the natural and/or human environment
Sustainable: leaves the environment unharmed as it does not exceed the carrying capacity of the destination. Carrying Capacity is the acceptable numbers of people before the local environment becomes damaged.
Beneficial to the local human and natural environments
People who travel to stay in places outside their usual environment for more than 24 hours but no more than one consecutive year. This travel may be for leisure, business, visiting friends and relatives and other purposes.
Activities of tourists (primary tourist resources) and the supporting activities and infrastructure (secondary tourist resources), such as air transport, airports, restaurants, hotels that are used by tourists. Tourism may be classified as either domestic or international.
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