Immigrants in America - Final
Terms in this set (50)
A political ideology that stresses the elimination of the state and private property as a way to achieve both freedom and equality for all.
Haymarket Riot 1886
..., If Anglo-Saxons didn't produce faster than immigrants, they're committing race suicide and will be overpowered by immigrants
..., Emphasized that human inequalities were inherited and warned against breeding the "unfit" or "inferior"
Madison Grant, Passing of the Great Race
..., English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, and systems of government, and were destined to dominate the planet
Henry Cabot Lodge
argued for a literacy test; a senator; introduced first bill about a literacy test
Immigration Restriction League
A Nativist group who wanted to restrict immigration into the U.S. to certain groups they deemed desirable. Because of them congress passed a bill in 1897 requiring a literacy test for immigrants.
Americanization on their own terms
used as a tool to achieve certain agendas; in 1924 the exclusion of all Asians from immigration; carries economic and political value
Process of assimilating immigrants into American culture by teaching English, American history, and citizenship
Ford Americanization Program
aimed to address specific problems of workers: absenteeism, high turnover; reformed worker attitudes from pre-industrial to industrial work life
The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
100% American; Not hypenated like German-American, or Japanese-American, or Mexican American. just American; the movement was led by Teddy Roosevelt during world war I
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.; leads to america caring more about the border
World War I Mexican Agricultural Labor Program
guest worker program
More symbolic than mass deportations
Ozawa v. United States (1922)
this japanese man was denied citizenship on the grounds that he was not "scientifically" white; reinforced "whiteness"
Thind v. United States (1923)
determines that if you wouldn't qualify as white by everyday standards than you aren't white.
Immigration Act of 1917
Immigration Act of 1921
Immigration Act of 1924
Creates the National Origins Quota System; reinforces conceptions of whiteness; defines all Europeans as "white" and all other groups as "non-white"
National Origins Quota System
.., This 1924 act established a quota system to regulate the influx of immigrants to America. The system restricted the "new" immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and Asia. It reduced the annual total of immigrants.
created under the Bureau of Immigration in 1891; WWI focused on anarchists and radicals; didn't just enforce immigration laws also smuggling, slave traffic, etc.; the border control 1924 to enforce the imm law of 1924; chinese were early target of bp
Plenary Power Doctrine
extreme judicial deference on matters of immigration; Judicial review would have limited federal/political power over borders
Mexican Repatriation (1930s)
Great Depression; need the jobs back; some were voluntary and others weren't; LA had coercive repatriation drives; sponsored by mexican government
..., An official order telling someone to leave a country; expulsion
"Deportee," Woody Guthrie
simulteaneous admission and expulsion of mexican imms
Japanese American Internment
..., forced movement of Japanese Americans into camps during WWII
..., "lack of patriotism"; violence between Mex-American and US soldiers, expected to be protected from discrimination, Zoot-suits banned and Mex Americans feared for their safety.
..., African Americans pledged to fight for "Double Victory" - victory over Hitler in Europe, but also against racism at home.
proved weren't racist; they could assimilate; they help the US image internationally
McCarran Internal Security Act (1950)
..., 1950 - Required Communists to register and prohibited them from working for the government. Truman described it as a long step toward totalitarianism. It was a response to the onset of the Korean War.
McCarran- Walter Act (Immigration and Nationality Act 1952)
..., limited immigration based on ethnicity, but made allowances in the quotas for persons displaced by WWII and allowed increased immigration of European refugees. Tried to keep people from Communist countries from coming to the U.S. People suspected of being Communists could be refused entry or deported.
..., 1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American government, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
..., spearheaded senate anti-communist search. from nevada and believes the problem is immigrants specifically from asia (China), and southern Euro. sponsor act to reduce immigrants
AFL-CIO merger (1955)
allows immigrants to join the Union; very influential group
Immigration and the Nationality Act (1965)
allows in more skilled laborers; creates new procedures for Eastern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere; imposes limits (first time limits imposed on the Western Hemisphere, no preference for family or occupation);
Asian Americans: Have skills when they come - SES Mobility; Quiet about Politics - Not complaining in streets; Don't take welfare; Quietly integrate into American Society
lasted 22 years, started during WWII; needed hte labor over 4.6 million in the program; led to unprecedented wave of undocumented immigration
unintended consequence of the immigration and nationality act of 1965; imposed limit on western hemisphere for the first time; the Bracero program had just ended but there was a HIGH demand for labor still
..., is the term used to describe the business of agriculture plus related industries.
..., massive roundup of illegal immigrants in reference to the migrants' watery route across the Rio Grande, as many as 1 million Mexicans were apprehended and returned to Mexico in 1954
"Iron Triangle" of Immigration
1. Congressional Committees - Create the laws
2. Executive Agencies and Cabinet Departments - Regular and enforce government policies
3. Special Interest Groups - Try to influence the politicians and agencies responsible for regulating immigration
..., A person who flees their home country due to a well-founded fear of danger/persecution from race, religion, nationality, social group, or political opinion.