7th & 8th grade UIL Social Studies Government II

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3 branches of government
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
What does the Legislative Branch do?
Creates laws. Is made of the Senate & House of Representatives. (Congress)
What does the Executive Branch do?
Enforces the laws passed by Congress.
President, Governor.
What does the Judicial Branch do?
Interprets (explains) the laws.
Supreme Court
misdemeanor
a minor or less severe crime
limited government
a government that restricts government power.
Examples: Texas, United States, Mexico
unlimited government
a government where the ruler has all the power.
Examples: North Korea, Cuba
Governor of Texas
Greg Abbott
Elected every 4 years.
Approve or veto bills.
Commander in Chief of military.
Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Dan Patrick
Elected every 4 years.
Leader of the Senate.
Attorney General of Texas
Ken Paxton
Elected every 4 years
Chief lawyer of Texas
Comptroller of Texas
Glen Hegar
Elected every 4 years.
Responsible for collecting taxes and letting Congress know how much money is available.
separation of powers
dividing powers of government between the three branches.
political parties
Group of people who are organized for gaining government power.
Examples: Republican and Democratic parties
Oveta Culp Hobby
1st director of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.
John Nance Garner
Vice President of the U.S. from 1933-1941
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II.
Alexandre Hogue
Painter known for his paintings of the Dust Bowl of the American Southwest during the Great Depression.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
The largest American New Deal agency, employing millions of people to carry out public works projects.
Thomas T. Connally
Texas Congressman who introduced the joint resolution for a declaration of war with Japan.
Dust Bowl
Drought and erosion caused by dust storms that affected 100 million acres centered in the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma.
Urbanization
Increase in the population of people living in towns and cities.
Labor
Factor of production that includes any form of human effort.
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