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Terms in this set (17)
extreme dissatisfaction with one's muscularity
list and describe the two types of anorexia nervosa
- restricting - weight loss through severe dieting or exercising; these individuals tend to be more introverted.
- binging/purging - self-induced vomiting, laxatives or diuretics; individuals are more extroverted and impulsive and report more anxiety, depression, or guilt
describe anorexia nervosa
- characterized by extreme thinness
- occurs primarily in adolescent girls and young women
- individuals starve themselves, fearing any weight gain
- most people with the disorder continue to insist they are overweight
list possible physical complications of anorexia nervosa
- irregular heartbeat
- low BP
- heart damage when body is forced to use muscle as an energy source
- kidney disease
- bone loss
- purging often results in enlarged salivary glands
what is the course and outcome of anorexia?
- some recover after one episode
- others fluctuate between weight gain and relapse
- others have chronic and deteriorating course
- high mortality rate
describe bulimia nervosa
- recurrent episodes of binge eating at least once a week for 3 months
- loss of control over eating during the binge episode
- self-evaluation strongly influenced by weight or body shape
- individuals are aware that their eating habits are abnormal and are ashamed and hide behavior from others
what is more prevalent, anorexia or bulimia?
list possible physical complications of bulimia nervosa
- erosion of tooth enamel
- swollen salivary glands
- low potassium (can weaken heart and cause arrhythmia and cardiac arrest)
- inflammation of esophagus, stomach, and rectal area
what is the course and outcome of bulimia nervosa?
- generally begins in late adolescence or early adulthood
- mortality rates elevated, especially among those tho exercise excessively
- prognosis is better than anorexia
describe binge-eating disorder (BED)
- involves binging, feeling of loss of control, and marked distress over binge eating episodes
- BED does not involve use of compensatory behaviors, such as vomiting, fasting, or excess exercise
- must have a history of binge-eating episodes at least once a week for 3 months
- percentages of white and black women with BED are roughly equal, although white women are more likely to seek treatment
- individuals are likely to be overweight
- binges are often preceded by poor mood, decreased alertness, feelings of poor eating control, and cravings for sweets
what are some possible physical complications of binge-eating disorder?
- DM II
- high cholesterol
what is the course and outcome of binge-eating disorder?
- begins in late adolescence or early adulthood
- remission rates higher than anorexia or bulimia
what are some psychological risk factors of eating disorders?
- body dissatisfaction
- low levels of interpersonal competence
- use of control over eating to deal with stress
what are some biological causes of eating disorders?
- disordered eating tends to run in families
- dopamine levels control appetite; people with lower levels desire more food
- serotonin and ghrelin also play a role
explain outpatient therapy for anorexia nervosa
- initial goal is to restore weight and address physical complications
- phobic reactions can occur from eating new foods previously thought "forbidden"
explain psychological interventions for anorexia
- help client understand dysfunctional attitudes
- improve interpersonal and social reinforcing
- address other psychological conflicts
____ is when someone goes on strict diet and loses weight too fast, resulting in plummet in metabolism, then they stop dieting resulting in weight gain because metabolism is still down. This method of weight loss is therefore ineffective in the long-term.
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