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29 terms

CH 5-8 test

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Spain
nation that caused problem for the new gov. when it closed Miss. River to American Commerce
tariff
failed attempt to raise revenue and pressure the British under AOC
Shay's Rebellion
1786-Mass. farmers rebelled against state gov.
Alexander Hamilton
advocated "loose" interpertation of the "necessary and proper clause" to get national bank
Jefferson
John Adams' vice president;
known for "pell-mell" and informal entertaining
XYZ Affair
French demand in 1797-1798 for a bribe as a precondition to negotiations
House of Reps
winner of 1800 election chosen by this
Judiciary Act of 1801
purpose to maintain Federalists control of the judicial branch against Jeffersonianism
John Marshall
Chief Justice in Marbury vs. Madison
babary pirates
Jefferson entered small naval war because of their blackmail
Essex Junto
die-hard Federalists who organized scheme to break away from the Union and create "northern confederacy"
Washington DC
major city ruined by British in 1814
Era of Good Feelings
absence of evil politics; feeling of pride and economic boom
John Q. Adams
Monroe's Secretary of State; best-known political leader in north; won presidency in 1824 by HOR when no candidates recieved majority of votes
Dwight Clinton
NY politician; led Albany Regency political machine
William Crawford
Monroe's Security of Treasury; prominent Southern leader
Samuel Slater
first American factory developer
Francis Cabot Lowell
merchant who headed Boston Associates and owner of Waltham Mills
Waltham System
young women worked and lived under strict conditions
Republic of Liberia
established to get rid of former US slaves
Robert Fulton
invented the steamboat
McCulloch v. Maryland
upheld National Bank, strengthened implied powers of Congress and aided economic growth
Gibbons v. Ogden
regulated interstate commerce; defined commerce in broad sense
Federalists
collapsed as result of War of 1812
Monroe Doctrine
isolate US from Euro affairs; keep eastern hemisphere off of western; came about because French colonies were rebelling
canals
major improvement in the transportation network in the 1820s and 1830s
Dartmouth vs. Woodward
principal of contracts
Charles River Bridge Case
Supreme Court decision that promoted economic development by rejecting the absolute sanctity of contracts when they conflicted with improvements for the good of the whole community
Market Revolution
development that constituted the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers