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Terms in this set (49)

-Jean Piaget
-stress the importance of what goes on inside the learner

-gestalt-the whole is greater than the sum of the parts/emphasizes on perception of learning, people strive for simplicity and balance, perception is selective
-widely used in education and counseling
-key to learning and changing is the individual's cognition (perception, thought, memory, and ways of processing and structuring information)
-involves perceiving the information, interpreting it based on what is already known, and then reorganizing the information into new insights or understanding
-metacognition- your understanding of your way of learning
-Information processing is a cognitive perspective that emphasizes thinking processes: thought, reasoning, the way information is encountered and stored, and memory functioning
- cognitive development is a third perspective on learning that focuses on qualitative changes in perceiving, thinking, and reasoning as individuals grow and mature
-Social constructivists posit that individuals formulate or construct their own versions of reality and that learning and human development are richly colored by the social and cultural context in which people find themselves

1. attention-certain information is focused on while other information in the environment is ignored
2. sensory processing-info is processed by using 1 or more of the senses
3. short-term memory stage- information is briefly transferred, after which it is either disregarded and forgotten
4. long-term memory stage-info is stored by using a strategy, such as forming a mental picture
5. action and response-based on how information as processed and stored