9 terms

Common Neurotransmitters and Their Functions

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Acetylcholine
The neurotransmitter responsible for motor control at the junction between nerves and muscles; also involved in mental processes such as learning, memory, sleeping, and dreaming.
Epinephrine
A monoamine neurotransmitter responsible for bursts of energy after an event that is exciting or threatening
Norepinephrine
A monoamine neurotransmitter involved in states of arousal and awareness
Serotonin
A monoamine neurotransmitter important for a wide range of psychological activity, including emotional states, impulse control; and dreaming
Dopamine
A monoamine neurotransmitter involved in motivation, reward, and motor control over voluntary movement
GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)
The primary inhibitory transmitter in the nervous system
Glutamate
The primary excitatory transmitter in the nervous system
Endorphins
Neurotransmitters involved in natural pain reduction and reward
substance P
A neurotransmitter involved in pain perception
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